Norwegian version of this page

Research on the 22 July terror attacks

On this page, we have gathered research on the 22 July terror attacks and their long-term impacts, and present key publications on right-wing violence and terrorism.

Live briefing: Reflections on the Past and Contemporary Right-Wing Extremism Landscape

On September 7, 2021, the International Centre for Counter-Terrorism – The Hague (ICCT) hosted an online Live Briefing on the 10th Anniversary of the 2011 Norway Attacks. The recording of this event is available to watch online. 

RTV Trend Report 2021

The RTV Trend Report presents new and updated data on severe right-wing attacks and plots that occurred in Western Europe in 2020. A limited and full version of the dataset is available here

RightNow! blog

Read more posts on the RightNow! blog, which publishes commentaries, analyses and reflections by C-REX researchers and affiliates on topics related to contemporary far-right politics.

In media

A far-right extremist killed 77 people in Norway. A decade on, 'the hatred is still out there' but attacker's influence is seen as low

Jacob Aasland Ravndal, CNN, 22 July 2021

“A día de hoy, en Noruega no hay tanta violencia de extrema derecha como en España u otros países”

Anders Ravik Jupskås, LA RAZÓN, 22 July 2021

La ‘generació Utøya’ alça la veu

Anders Ravik Jupskås, La Vanguardia, 22 July 2021

Attaques à Oslo et sur l’île d’Utoya : les survivants exigent un débat sur l’extrémisme

Anders Ravik Jupskås, Le Monde, 21 July 2021

Tra i fantasmi di Utøya

Anders Ravik Jupskås, la Repubblica, 15 July 2021. 

En Norvège, les séquelles durables de l’attaque terroriste d’Utoya

Anders Ravik Jupskås, Le Monde, 15 July 2021. 

New study shows Norwegians disagree about who was impacted by the terror attacks in 2011

Anders Ravik Jupskås,, 13 June 2021

How right-wing violence in Western Europe changed in 2019

Anders Ravik Jupskås, Jacob Aasland Ravndal and Tore Bjørgo,, 5 June 2020

In Conversation: The Far Right and Muslims

Lars Erik Berntzen, UK ReOrient Podcast, 2020

The dark web enabled the Christchurch killer

Jacob Aasland Ravndal, Foreign Policy, 16 March 2019

The online life of a modern terrorist: Anders Behring Breivik's use of the Internet

Jacob Aasland Ravndal, VOX-Pol Blog, 28 October 2014

For more interviews in Norwegian, see the Norwegian resource page on 22 July


On our Norwegian pages we present a broader range of interviews, podcasts and other Norwegian media interventions and resources, for six topics related to the 22 July attacks: terrorism and violence, anti-Islam, online radicalisation, memory politics, right-wing extremism in Norway, and threats against politicians.


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10 years after 22 July 

On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the 22 July terrorist attacks, C-REX hosted a digital conference on 10 June 2021. Leading C-REX researchers and guests discussed research findings and knowledge gaps. 

Conference recordings available in Norwegian

What is terrorism?

Terrorism can be defined as the deliberate creation and exploitation of fear through violence or the threat of violence in the pursuit of political change.

Definitions from the compendium Knowing what’s (far) right

What explains far-right violence?

Extreme-right violence is often the product of inherently violent ideology and aesthetics, not only idealizing and normalizing violent behavior, but also attracting apolitical people who are drawn towards violence.

Research on right-wing violence and terrorism