Discussing three alternative justifications for a common EU foreign policy, this paper finds the common values thesis to be the most persuasive in a case study of EU enlargement.

ARENA Working Paper 01/2001 (html)

Helene Sjursen and Karen E. Smith

ARENA Working Paper 02/2001 (No full text version available)

Finn Arnesen, Hans Petter Graver and Ulf Sverdrup

ARENA Working Paper 03/2001 (No full text version available)

Johan P. Olsen

Taking a broader view of changes in the international structure during the 1990s, this paper makes the observation that traditional security policies have changed - due to (i) the end of the Cold War and (ii) the strengthening of international institutions. However, varying openness to change makes this process less clear-cut in some countries than in others.

ARENA Working Paper 04/2001 (html)

Helene Sjursen

While the integration of levels of governance has become a commonplace in integration studies, few attempts have been made at actually operationalising what such vertical integration implies. This article is an attempt to fill this lacuna by studying the degree of supranational allegiance among civil servants and how cross-national variation in this field may be accounted for.

ARENA Working Paper 05/2001 (html)

Jarle Trondal

This paper discusses the driving forces behind EU enlargement; by studying the argumentation applied to justify enlargement, it is found that ethical-political arguments served as particularly important mobilisers.

ARENA Working Paper 06/2001 (html)

Helene Sjursen

From a distincly institutionalist perspective, this paper considers the prospects for pre-designed reform of the EU's institutions of governance.

ARENA Working Paper 07/2001 (html)

Johan P. Olsen

While a federal order often involves a conflict between (individual) equality and (regional) autonomy, it is argued in this paper that the additional advantages of autonomy point towards federal arrangements - insofar as no fundamental rights are under threat.

ARENA Working Paper 08/2001 (html)

Andreas Føllesdal

This paper puts the ambitious concept of Union citizenship under scrutiny; it is argued that far from being a panacea for popular compliance, 'citizenship' requires mutual commitments and a common understanding of what the Union project should imply. If fulfilment of constitutional criteria is not achieved, the concept of 'citizenship' may in fact be counter-productive.

ARENA Working Paper 09/2001 (html)

Andreas Føllesdal

ARENA Working Paper 10/2001 (No full text version available)

Dag Harald Claes

Institutions, omnipresent in the governing of European affairs, have important effects of socialization on states and other actors. This paper gives the introductory chapter to a volume of institutional theory on European institutions.

ARENA Working Paper 11/2001 (html)

Jeffrey T. Checkel

This paper makes the case for pushing Europe towards a res publica - that is, a polity in which citizens take part as lawmakers in the development of the European project. It is argued that the Treaties of Amsterdam and Nice have failed at this point, by focusing on management rather than the development a common-European public space.

ARENA Working Paper 12/2001 (html)

Dimitris Chryssochoou

This paper interprets the introduction of a European Charter of Fundamental Rights as a further step towards rights as foundational to European law; in other words, making a qualitative leap away from regulations of commerce towards a prospective constitutional moment.

ARENA Working Paper 13/2001 (html)

Agustin José Menéndéz

Looking closer at deliberative approaches to Europan integration, this paper attempts to take deliberation down to an operational level by focusing on empirical, methodological and theoretical aspects.

ARENA Working Paper 14/2001 (html)

Jeffrey T. Checkel

ARENA Working Paper 15/2001 (No full text version available)

Erik Oddvar Eriksen

This paper discusses the emergence of a European public sphere from the vantage point of deliberative democracy; focus in on strong publics as a building stone of future EU-level democracy.

ARENA Working Paper 16/2001 (html)

Erik Oddvar Eriksen and John Erik Fossum

This article discusses the prospects of a common European identity in a Hegelian politics of recognition perspective . It is argued here that the EU may play a key role in reuniting multiple identities in Europe.

ARENA Working Paper 17/2001 (html)

Jon Erik Fossum

This paper outlines an organisational approach to European integration, arguing that organisation affects behaviour, loyalty and role enactment in ways that are too frequently ignored by neogovernmental and institutionalist contributions.

ARENA Working Paper 18/2001 (html)

Morten Egeberg

ARENA Working Paper 19/2001 (No full text version available)

Frode Veggeland

ARENA Working Paper 20/2001 (No full text version available)

Johan P. Olsen

ARENA Working Paper 21/2001 (No full text version available)

Hans Petter Graver

This paper takes a historical view of the notion of citizenship as applied beyond local or national communities; it is argued that European Union citizenship can draw upon these experiences as well as provide the precedence for a global notion of citizenship.

ARENA Working Paper 22/2001 (html)

Andreas Føllesdal

Based on empirical research in the Council of Europe, this paper presents some general hypotheses concerning the effects of social interaction in inter- and supra-national institutions.

ARENA Working Paper 23/2001 (html)

Jeffrey T. Checkel

ARENA Working Paper 24/2001 (No full text version available)

Jarle Trondal

Approaching from a middle-range institutional perspective, this paper investigates the putative transformation of loyalties of national civil servants contracted by the EU administration.

ARENA Working Paper 25/2001 (html)

Jarle Trondal