Øystein Kravdal

Image of Øystein Kravdal
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47 22855158
Room ES1142
Username
Visiting address Sognsveien 77 0855 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1095 Blindern 0317 Oslo

Academic Interests

Demography: fertility, family and mortality

Courses taught

Background

  • Professor of demography, Department of economics, University of Oslo, 1994-
  • Phd. (demography), University of Oslo, 1994
  • Senior researcher, Norwegian Cancer Registry, 1994
  • Senior researcher, Statistics Norway, 1992-1994
  • Researcher, Statistics Norway, 1984-1991
  • MSc. (physics), University of Oslo, 1982

Positions held

  • Co-editor, Population Studies, 2004-
  • Member of the editorial board, European Journal of Population, 2001-
  • Member of the Scientific Review Board, Demographic Research, 2002-

 

Tags: Demography, Economics, Income Employment and Welfare

Publications

  • Kravdal, Øystein (2021). Sex Differences in Childlessness in Norway: Identification of Underlying Demographic Drivers. European Journal of Population. ISSN 0168-6577. 37, p. 1023–1041. doi: 10.1007/s10680-021-09590-4.
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Tverdal, Aage & Grundy, Emily (2020). The association between parity, CVD mortality and CVD risk factors among Norwegian women and men. European Journal of Public Health. ISSN 1101-1262. 30(6), p. 1133–1139. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckz235. Full text in Research Archive
  • Goisis, Alice; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Hanevik, Hans Ivar; Magnus, Maria Christine & Kravdal, Øystein (2020). The demographics of assisted reproductive technology births in a Nordic country. Human Reproduction. ISSN 0268-1161. 35(6), p. 1441–1450. doi: 10.1093/humrep/deaa055. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2020). Effects of previous birth interval length on child outcomes can be estimated in a sibling analysis even when there are only two siblings. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. ISSN 0269-5022. p. 1–9. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12732.
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Magnus, Per; Moum, Bjørn & Høivik, Marte Lie (2020). Association of Childbearing with a Short-Term Reduced Risk of Crohn Disease in Mothers. American Journal of Epidemiology. ISSN 0002-9262. 189(4), p. 294–304. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz285. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2020). Are sibling models a suitable tool in analyses of how reproductive factors affect child mortality? Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 42(28), p. 777–798. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2020.42.28. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Magnus, Per; Moum, Bjørn & Høivik, Marte Lie (2020). Childbearing is Associated with a Short-term Reduced Risk of Crohn’s Disease in Mothers . American Journal of Epidemiology. ISSN 0002-9262. 189(4), p. 294–304. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwz285. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein & Grundy, Emily (2019). Children’s age at parental divorce and depression in early and mid-adulthood. Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728. 73(1), p. 37–56. doi: 10.1080/00324728.2018.1549747. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2019). Taking birth year into account when analysing effects of maternal age on child health and other outcomes: The value of a multilevel-multiprocess model compared to a sibling model. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 40, p. 1249–1290. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2019.40.43. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2019). Research note: What kind of individual-level effects of childbearing would we ideally be interested in learning about? The important distinction between expected, unexpected, varying and general effects. Journal of Population Research. ISSN 1443-2447. 36(1), p. 1–12. doi: 10.1007/s12546-018-9218-7. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2018). New evidence about effects of reproductive variables on child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728. 72(2), p. 139–156. doi: 10.1080/00324728.2018.1439180. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bævre, Kåre; Kravdal, Øystein & Christiansen, Solveig Tobie Glestad (2018). Befolkningen i Norge. In Grøholt, Else Karin; Bøhler, Linn & Hånes, Hanna (Ed.), Folkehelserapporten - Helsetilstanden i Norge. Folkehelseinstituttet.
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Grundy, Emily & Keenan, Katherine (2018). The increasing mortality advantage of the married: The role played by education. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 38, p. 471–512. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2018.38.20. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Grundy, Emily & Skirbekk, Vegard (2017). Fertility history and use of antidepressant medication in late mid-life: a register-based analysis of Norwegian women and men. Aging & Mental Health. ISSN 1360-7863. 21(5), p. 477–486. doi: 10.1080/13607863.2015.1118010. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2017). Large and Growing Social Inequality in Mortality in Norway: The Combined Importance of Marital Status and Own and Spouse's Education. Population and Development Review. ISSN 0098-7921. 43(4), p. 645–665. doi: 10.1111/padr.12096. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein & Grundy, Emily (2016). Health effects of parental deaths among adults in Norway: Purchases of prescription medicine before and after bereavement. SSM - Population Health. ISSN 2352-8273. 2, p. 868–875. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.10.013. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kinge, Jonas Minet; Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf Anna; Strand, Bjørn Heine & Kravdal, Øystein (2016). Can socioeconomic factors explain geographic variation in overweight in Norway? SSM - Population Health. ISSN 2352-8273. 2, p. 333–340. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.04.010. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Alver, Kari; Bævre, Kåre; Kinge, Jonas Minet; Meisfjord, Jørgen Rajan & Steingrímsdóttir, Ólöf Anna [Show all 7 contributors for this article] (2015). How much of the variation in mortality across Norwegian municipalities is explained by the socio-demographic characteristics of the population? Health and Place. ISSN 1353-8292. 33, p. 148–158. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.02.013.
  • Bævre, Kåre & Kravdal, Øystein (2014). The effects of earlier income variation on mortality: An analysis of Norwegian register data. Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728. 68(1), p. 81–94. doi: 10.1080/00324728.2013.824603.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2014). The Estimation of Fertility Effects on Happiness: Even More Difficult than Usually Acknowledged. European Journal of Population. ISSN 0168-6577. 30(3), p. 263–290. doi: 10.1007/s10680-013-9310-9.
  • Sigle-Rushton, Wendy; Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde; Andersen, Patrick Lie & Kravdal, Øystein (2014). Proceed with caution? Parents' union dissolution and children's educational achievement. Journal of Marriage and Family. ISSN 0022-2445. 76(1), p. 161–174. doi: 10.1111/jomf.12075.
  • Grundy, Emily & Kravdal, Øystein (2014). Do short birth intervals have long-term implications for parental health? Results from analyses of complete cohort Norwegian register data. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. ISSN 0143-005X. 68(10), p. 958–964. doi: 10.1136/jech-2014-204191.
  • Kravdal, Øystein & Grundy, Emily (2014). Underuse of medication for circulatory disorders among unmarried women and men in Norway . BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology. ISSN 2050-6511. 15:65. doi: 10.1186/2050-6511-15-65. Full text in Research Archive
  • Kodzi, Ivy & Kravdal, Øystein (2013). What has high fertility got to do with the low birth weight problem in Africa? Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 28, p. 713–731. doi: 10.4054/demres.2013.28.25.
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Kodzi, Ivy & Sigle-Rushton, Wendy (2013). Effects of the Number and Age of Siblings on Educational Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Studies in family planning. ISSN 0039-3665. 44(3), p. 275–297. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2013.00358.x.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). The poorer cancer survival among the unmarried in Norway: Is Much explained by comorbidities? Social Science and Medicine. ISSN 0277-9536. 81, p. 42–52. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.01.012.
  • Syse, Astri; Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde & Kravdal, Øystein (2012). Is mortality after childhood cancer dependent on social or economic resources of parents? A population-based study. International Journal of Cancer. ISSN 0020-7136. 130(8), p. 1870–1878. doi: 10.1002/ijc.26186.
  • Shkolnikov, Vladimir; Andreev, E; Jdanov, D; Jasilonis, D; Kravdal, Øystein & Vågerø, D [Show all 7 contributors for this article] (2012). Increasing absolute mortality disparities by education in Finland, Norway and Sweden, 1971-2000. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. ISSN 0143-005X. 66(4), p. 372–378. doi: 10.1136/jech.2009.104786.
  • Elstad, Jon Ivar; Torstensrud, Rita; Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde & Kravdal, Øystein (2012). Trends in educational inequalities in mortality, seven types of cancers, Norway 1971-2002. European Journal of Public Health. ISSN 1101-1262. 22(6), p. 771–776. doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckr181.
  • Kravdal, Øystein; Grundy, Emily; Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde & Wiik, Kenneth Aarskaug (2012). Family Life History and Late Mid-Life Mortality in Norway. Population and Development Review. ISSN 0098-7921. 38(2), p. 237–257. doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4457.2012.00491.x.
  • Berntsen, Kjersti Norgård & Kravdal, Øystein (2012). The relationship between mortality and time since divorce, widowhood or remarriage in Norway. Social Science and Medicine. ISSN 0277-9536. 75(12), p. 2267–2274. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.08.028.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2012). Further evidence of community education effects on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 27(22), p. 645–680. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2012.27.22.
  • Kravdal, Øystein & Kodzi, Ivy (2011). Children's stunting in sub-Saharan Africa: Is there an externality effect of high fertility? Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 25, p. 565–594. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2011.25.18.
  • Cohen, Joel; Kravdal, Øystein & Keilman, Nico (2011). Childbearing impeded education more than education impeded childbearing among Norwegian women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. ISSN 0027-8424. 108(29), p. 11830–11835. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1107993108.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2010). The importance of community education for individual mortality: a fixed-effects analysis of longitudinal multilevel data on 1.7 million Norwegian women and men. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. ISSN 0143-005X. 64(12), p. 1029–1035. doi: 10.1136/jech.2008.081034.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2010). Demographers' interest in fertility trends and determinants in developed countries: Is it warranted? Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 22, p. 663–690. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2010.22.22.
  • Grundy, E & Kravdal, Øystein (2010). Fertility history and cause-specific mortality: A register-based analysis of complete cohorts of Norwegian women and men. Social Science and Medicine. ISSN 0277-9536. 70(11), p. 1847–1857. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.02.004.
  • Rindfuss, Ronald; Guilkey, David; Morgan, S Philip & Kravdal, Øystein (2010). Child care availability and fertility: Norway. Population and Development Review. ISSN 0098-7921. 36, p. 725–748.
  • Steele, Fiona; Sigle-Rushton, Wendy & Kravdal, Øystein (2009). CONSEQUENCES OF FAMILY DISRUPTION ON CHILDREN'S EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES IN NORWAY. Demography. ISSN 0070-3370. 46(3), p. 553–574.
  • Syse, Astri; Tretli, Steinar; Kravdal, Øystein & Kravdal, O (2009). The Impact of Cancer on Spouses' Labor Earnings A Population-Based Study. Cancer. ISSN 0008-543X. 115(S18), p. 4350–4361.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2009). Mortality effects of average education in current and earlier municipality of residence among internal migrants, net of their own education. Social Science and Medicine. ISSN 0277-9536. 69(10), p. 1484–1492. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.08.035.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2008). Does income inequality really influence individual mortality? Results from a 'fixed-effects analysis' where constant unobserved municipality characteristics are controlled. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 18.
  • Kravdal, Øystein & Rindfuss, Ron (2008). Changing Relationships between Education and Fertility: A Study of Women and Men Born 1940 to 1964. American Sociological Review. ISSN 0003-1224. 73(5), p. 854–873.
  • Syse, Astri; Tretli, Steinar & Kravdal, Øystein (2008). Cancer’s impact on employment and earnings – a population-based study from Norway. Journal of cancer survivorship. ISSN 1932-2259. 2, p. 149–158. doi: 10.1007/s11764-008-0053-2.
  • Grundy, E & Kravdal, Øystein (2008). Reproductive history and mortality in late middle age among Norwegian men and women. American Journal of Epidemiology. ISSN 0002-9262. 167. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwm295.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2008). A broader perspective on education and mortality: Are we influenced by other people's education? Social Science and Medicine. ISSN 0277-9536. 66. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2007.10.009.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2007). A fixed-effects multilevel analysis of how community family structure affects individual mortality in Norway. Demography. ISSN 0070-3370. 44.
  • Derose, LF & Kravdal, Øystein (2007). Educational reversals and first-birth timing in sub-Saharan Africa: A dynamic multilevel approach. Demography. ISSN 0070-3370. 44.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2007). Effects of current education on second- and third-birth rates among Norwegian women and men born in 1964: Substantive interpretations and methodological issues. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 17, p. 211–246.
  • Syse, Astri & Kravdal, Øystein (2007). Does cancer affect the divorce rate? Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 16, p. 469–492.
  • Rindfuss, Ron; Guilkey, David; Morgan, Phil; Kravdal, Øystein & Guzzo, Karen (2007). Child care availability and first-birth timing in Norway. Demography. ISSN 0070-3370. 44(2), p. 345–372.
  • Syse, A; Kravdal, O; Kravdal, Øystein & Tretli, Steinar (2007). Parenthood after cancer - A population-based study. Psycho-Oncology. ISSN 1057-9249. 16, p. 920–927. doi: 10.1002/pon.1154.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2006). A simulation-based assessment of the bias produced when using averages from small DHS clusters as contextual variables in multilevel models. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 15, p. 1–20.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2006). Does place matter for cancer survival in Norway? A multilevel analysis of the importance of hospital affiliation and municipality socioeconomic resources. Health and Place. ISSN 1353-8292. 12, p. 527–537.
  • Shkolnikov, Vladimir; Deev, Alexander; Kravdal, Øystein & Valkonen, Tapani (2004). Educational differentials in male mortality in Russia and northern Europe. A comparison of an epidemiological cohort from Moscow and St.Petersburg with the male populations of Helsinki and Oslo. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 10(1), p. 1–26.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2004). An illustration of the problems caused by incomplete education histories in fertility analysis. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. S3(6).
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2004). Child mortality in India: The community-level effect of education. Population Studies. ISSN 0032-4728. 58(2), p. 177–192.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2003). Children, family and cancer survival in Norway. International Journal of Cancer. ISSN 0020-7136. 105, p. 261–266.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2003). The problematic estimation of �imitation effects� in multilevel models. Demographic Research. ISSN 1435-9871. 9(2), p. 23–40.

View all works in Cristin

  • Kravdal, Øystein (2021). No, it is not too good to be true. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. ISSN 0269-5022. doi: 10.1111/ppe.12799.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2019). The increasing mortality advantage of the married.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2019). Individnivå-konsekvenser av lav fruktbarhet.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2018). The growing mortality advantage of the married.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2018). The growing mortality advantage of the married.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2018). The increasing mortality advantage of the married.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2018). Hva betyr barnetall og familiesituasjon for barns helse?
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2018). Children’s Age at Parental Divorce and Depression in Early and Mid-Adulthood.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2016). Familie og helse.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2016). Not so Low Fertility in Norway—A Result of Affluence, Liberal Values, Gender-Equality Ideals, and the Welfare State. In Rindfuss, Ronald & Choe, Minja Kim (Ed.), Low Fertility, Institutions, and Their Policies: Variations across Industrialized Countries. Springer. ISSN 978-3-319-32997-0. p. 13–47. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-32997-0.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2016). Expected and unexpected consequences of childbearing - a methodologically and politically important distinction that is overlooked.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2015). How much of the variation in mortality across Norwegian municipalities is explained by the socio-demographic characteristics of the population?.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2015). Fertility history and use of antidepressant medication in late mid-life: a register-based analysis of Norwegian women and men.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2014). The estimation of fertility effects on happiness: Even more difficult than usually acknowledged .
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2014). The relatively high fertility in Norway – a result of affluence, liberal values, gender-equality ideals, and the welfare state .
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). The importance of women's education for fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: A multilevel perspective.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). The importance of women’s education for fertility in sub-Saharan Africa: A multilevel perspective.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). Norwegian register data: Some experiences to share with other social scientists and epidemiologists.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). Education in sub-Saharan Africa: A new look at the effects of the number of siblings.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). Further evidence of community education effects on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2013). Some reflections on the four papers on fertility (timing) and gender.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2011). The fixed-effects model admittedly no quick fix, but still a step in the right direction and better than the suggested alternative. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. ISSN 0143-005X. 65(4), p. 291–292. doi: 10.1136/jech.2010.131078.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2009). Sammenhengen mellom barnetall og dødelighet.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2009). Methodological issues in the analysis of the education-fertility relationship.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2008). The relationship between childbearing and mortality.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2007). Chaning relationship between education and fertility among Norwegian women and men born 1940-64.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2007). Multilevel analysis based on Norwegian register data: potentials and challenges.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2007). Changing relationship between edcuation and fertility among Norwegian women and men born 1940-64.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2006). A fixed-effects multilevel analysis of how community family structure affects individual mortality in Norway.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2006). A fixed-effects multilevel analysis of how community family structure affects individual mortality in Norway.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2004). Child mortality in India: The community-level effect of education.
  • Bergsvik, Janna; Lappegård, Trude & Kravdal, Øystein (2021). Couples in context: Understanding family dynamics in Norway. Institutt for Sosiologi og Samfunnsgeografi.
  • Hart, Rannveig Kaldager & Kravdal, Øystein (2020). Fallende fruktbarhet i Norge. Hva kan det skyldes og hva kan man gjøre med det hvis det oppfattes som et problem? Folkehelseinstituttet. ISSN 978-82-8406-060-6. Full text in Research Archive
  • Tønnessen, Marianne & Kravdal, Øystein (2017). Demographic consequences of migration. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2016). New evidence about effects of reproductive variables on child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa. Universitetet i Oslo.
  • Kravdal, Øystein & Rindfuss, Ron (2007). Changig relationships between education and fertility - a study of women and men born 1940-64. Økonomisk institutt. 2007(11).
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2006). A fixed-effects analysis of how income inequality in a municipality affects individual mortality in Norway. HERO, UiO.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2005). A fixed-effects multilevel analysis of how community family structure affects individual mortality in Norway. HERO, UiO.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2004). The importance of municipality characteristics for cancer survival in Norway: A multilevel analysis. Health Economic Research Programme.
  • Kravdal, Øystein (2003). Child mortality in India: Individual and community effects of women's education and autonomy. East-West Center, Population Series 112.

View all works in Cristin

Published Oct. 1, 2010 6:55 PM - Last modified Oct. 25, 2019 3:25 PM