InGrid - Integration of Power Transmission Grids

Researching Integration of Power Transmission Grids - Prospects and Challenges at National and European Levels in advancing the energy transition

Power lines in a summer landscape with clear sky


About the project

As Europe's energy transition moves towards increasingly higher shares of variable renewable energy, there is a growing need for conjointly transforming the electricity transmission grid. This transformation includes grid expansion, e.g. for connecting offshore wind parks or entire national grids, but also the development of new transmission technologies. For Norway, further European integration of power transmission is of particular importance for efficient use of the country's vast renewable energy sources and marketing them in the European electricity market, and thus for long-term value creation.

It is widely agreed that transmission infrastructure policy, investment and transformation are significantly lagging behind changes in electricity supply across Europe, and that this tension between interdependent domains threatens to constrain the energy transition. Key challenges include coordination across different countries and actors, ill-aligned regulatory regimes, lack of industry competences and systemic uncertainties.

Technological developments in the field of power transmission are confronted with national (Norway, UK, Germany) and European level studies on (transmission) policy regimes and in-depth analyses of industry actors. To provide a better understanding of these particular challenges and the energy transition in general, the project applies a multi-disciplinary approach, combining analytical frameworks from innovation system and transition studies with concepts from political sciences and industry analyses.

Full project description (pdf)


InGrid has three main objectives:

The primary objective of this project is to generate new knowledge about the institutional, technological, and economical, challenges related to the transformation of transmission power grids across Europe to make way for greater energy systems integration that, in turn, can facilitate longterm, sustainable restructuring of European countries' energy systems, efficient use of renewable energy sources, power system flexibility, and further increasing the shares of renewable energy. This new knowledge is useful for informing decision makers in policy and industry in a time of farreaching change in European power systems.

The second objective is to improve our theoretical understanding of both transnational governance challenges and technological complementarities for socio-technical transitions.

The third objective is to understand the current performance and ongoing transformation in the field of power transmission technology.


InGrid is financed by the Norwegian Research Council through the ENERGIX programme, Project number 243994/E20


  • The Nordic Institute for Studies in Innovation, Research and Education - NIFU
  • CICERO Center for International Climate and Environmental Research
  • The University of Edinburgh
  • Swiss Federal Institute of Technology


Published Sep. 4, 2015 11:21 AM - Last modified Nov. 12, 2018 9:52 PM


For questions and information please contact project coordinator Allan Dahl Andersen.