Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer

Associate Professor - Department of Political Science
Image of Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer
Norwegian version of this page
Phone +47 22856607
Available hours By appointment
Visiting address Moltke Moes vei 31 Eilert Sundts hus blokk B 0851 OSLO
Postal address Postboks 1097 Blindern 0317 OSLO

Academic interests

Nuclear strategy

Security studies

Nuclear non-proliferation and acquisition strategies

IAEA and global nuclear governance

International relations of the Middle East

Authoritarian regimes


Affiliate, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Freeman Spogli Institute, Stanford University


STV1200: Innføringsemne i internasjonal politikk 1 [Introduction to International Relations]

STV4252: Politics and Strategy in the Nuclear Age

STV4020D: Dokumentbaserte undersøkelser 

STV9029: Advanced Qualitative Field Methods 

STV1212: Nuclear Weapons and International Conflict


MacArthur Visiting Faculty Fellow, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Freeman Spogli Institute, Stanford University, 2013-15

Stanton Junior Faculty Fellow, Center for International Security and Cooperation, Freeman Spogli Institute, Stanford University, 2012-13

Assistant Professor, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, 2010-15

Postdoctoral Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, 2009-10

Predoctoral Fellow, Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, 2008-09

Researcher, Norwegian Institute for Defence Studies, 2004-2010


BISA Michael Nicholson Thesis Prize 2010


Member of official enquiry into the Norwegian contributions in the Libya operations 2011

Board member, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs

Member of editorial board, Internasjonal Politikk


Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid "2020 is the year to worry about nuclear weapons" The Monkey Cage, Washington Post, 6 January 2019.

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid "Proliferating Bias? American Political Science, Nuclear Weapons, and Global Security," Journal of Global Security Studieshttps://doi.org/10.1093/jogss/ogz025 (published: 18 June 2019)

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid "Det finnast ingen snarveg for å bli kvitt atomvåpen" Aftenposten, 5. mars 2019. 

Kristin Ven Bruusgaard og Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer "Farlig avtalekollaps" Dagens Næringsliv, 6. februar 2019. 

Christoffer C. Eriksen og Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer "Hva kan vi lære av de norske Libya-operasjonene?" kronikk i Afternposten, 15. januar 2019.

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer. "Pakistan, Uranium and the International Atomic Energy Agency, 1970–1980." The International History Review (2018): 1-15.

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer. "Why North Korea succeeded at getting nuclear weapons — when Iraq and Libya failed," Monkey Cage blog, 2 January 2018.

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer, Unclear Physics: Why Iraq and Libya Failed to Build Nuclear Weapons, Cornell University Press, 2016.

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer, "Annleisland søker utenrikspolitikk. Anmeldelse av Torbjørn L. Knutsen, Halvard Leira & Iver B. Neumann: Norsk utenrikspolitisk idéhistorie, 1890-1940," Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning, 4-2016 Årgang 57, s. 468-471.

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer, "Meir konflikt i vente," Morgenbladet, 11 November 2016 (https://morgenbladet.no/aktuelt/2016/11/meir-konflikt-i-vente)

Malfrid Braut-Hegghammer, "Why some dictators are more likely to get nuclear weapons. 5 lessons from Iraq and Libya," Monkey Cage, Analysis, 10 October 2016 (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2016/10/10/why-some-dictators-are-more-likely-to-get-nuclear-weapons-5-lessons-from-iraq-and-libya/)

Malfrid Braut-Hegghammer, "Why Saddam and Gaddafi Failed to get The Bomb," War on the Rocks, 17 November 2016. (http://warontherocks.com/2016/11/why-saddam-and-gaddafi-failed-to-get-the-bomb/)

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer, Not helping: The International Atomic Energy Agency and Technical Cooperation, Essay in H-Diplo ISSF POLICY Roundtable 1-3 (2016) on the International Atomic Energy Agency Statute at Sixty. Published on 19 November 2016. Shortlink: tiny.cc/PR-1-3

Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer, Article Review 66 on “The Cold War, the developing world, and the creation of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 1953–1957.” Cold War History 16:2, 12 January 2017. Shortlink: https://issforum.org/articlereviews/66-IAEA

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid, and Pernille Rieker. "Libya: The Promise and Pitfalls of Diplomacy." Dialogue and Conflict Resolution. Routledge, 2016. 137-154.

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid. "Red Lines Matter." Foreign Affairs (2013).

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid, and George Perkovich. To Join Or Not to Join the Nuclear Club: How Nations Think about Nuclear Weapons: Two Middle East Case Studies. Middle East Studies at the Marine Corps University, 2013.

Ekéus, Rolf, and Målfrid Braut-Hegghammer. "Don't Go Baghdad on Tehran." Foreign Affairs (2012).

Braut-Hegghammer, Maalfrid. "Libya’s Nuclear Intentions: Ambition and Ambivalence." Strategic Insights 8.2 (2009): 1-13.

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid. "Rebel without a Cause? Explaining Iraq's Response to Resolution 1441." Nonproliferation Review 13.1 (2006): 17-34.

Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid. "Libya's nuclear turnaround: What lies beneath?." The RUSI Journal 151.6 (2006): 52-55.




  • Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2018). Pakistan, uranium and the international atomic energy agency, 1970?1980. International History Review.  ISSN 0707-5332.  40(5), s 1034- 1048 . doi: 10.1080/07075332.2018.1430048 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid & Rieker, Pernille (2015). Libya: The promise and pitfalls of diplomacy, In Pernille Rieker & Finn Henrik Thune (ed.),  Dialogue and Conflict resolution - The potential and limits of dialogue as a tool for conflict resolution.  Ashgate.  ISBN 978-1-4724-3883-6.  7.  s 125 - 142
  • Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2011). Revisiting Osirak: Preventive Attacks and Nuclear Proliferation Risks. International Security.  ISSN 0162-2889.  36(1), s 101- 132
  • Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2008). Libya's Nuclear Turnaround: Perspectives from Tripoli. The Middle East Journal.  ISSN 0026-3141.  62(1), s 55- 72
  • Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2006). Rebel Without a Cause? Explaining Iraq's Response to Resolution 1441. The Nonproliferation Review.  ISSN 1073-6700.  13(1), s 17- 34
  • Riste, Olav & Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2005). Were WMDs the Real Issue? The International Community versus Iraq 1991-2003. Forsvarsstudier.  ISSN 0333-3981.  (4)

View all works in Cristin

  • Bruusgaard, Kristin Ven & Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2019). Farlig Avtalekollaps. Dagens næringsliv.  ISSN 0803-9372.
  • Holsten, Hilde Hartmann & Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2018). Tror ikke Nord-Korea utvikler atomvåpen fordi de vil ha krig med USA. Forskning.no.  ISSN 1891-635X. Show summary
  • Hiim, Henrik Stålhane & Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2012). Er diplomatiet dødfødt?. Dagens næringsliv.  ISSN 0803-9372.
  • Hegghammer, Thomas & Braut-Hegghammer, Målfrid (2011). Sikkerhet og stabilitet i Midtøsten etter Jasminrevolusjonen.

View all works in Cristin

Published Apr. 27, 2015 9:38 AM - Last modified Jan. 16, 2020 2:12 PM