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Shared Mobility for Innovative and Inclusive Green Cities

Worldwide and in Norway, cities face challenges to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, air and noise pollution, while increasing the accessibility and liveability of residential, work and living environments to all citizens.

green city map


About the project

Car and bike sharing could provide solutions to these challenges, thanks to optimized use of vehicles, space, energy, financial and material resources, as well as potential benefits for social inclusion.

However, while shared mobility is rapidly increasing and political support is shifting in its favour (in Norway and abroad), publically funded scientific research into this phenomenon is still in its infancy. It is our primary objective to develop a comprehensive interdisciplinary understanding of the conditions that support the upscaling of shared urban mobility and define its environmental, social and economic sustainability.

Hereto, first, from a user perspective we analyse who uses car/bike sharing, why and how this affects their daily mobility patterns and subsequent CO2-emissions. Second, from a supplier perspective we envisage which organisations and business models could provide sustainable upscaling of shared mobility. And third, from a policy perspective we examine policy change/innovation, and how to define a policy mix that best supports the sustainable upscaling of car and bike sharing.

Anticipated Norwegian insights will be contrasted with findings from the Netherlands. The consortium consists of an interdisciplinary group of Norwegian and Dutch researchers, as well as a user group of societal stakeholders. Knowledge is communicated via scientific publications, reports and interactive national and international stakeholder workshops, and is expected to support policy innovations and increase the innovative potential amongst shared mobility suppliers.

This project is part of the Shared Mobility and Car Sharing research project (in Norwegian) at the Institute of Transport Economics.


Primary objective

To develop a comprehensive understanding of the conditions that support the upscaling of shared urban mobility and define its environmental, social and economic sustainability, from supply, demand and institutional perspectives.

Secondary objectives

  1. To understand the socio-demographic and geographic backgrounds, attitudes, motivations and mobility practises of current and prospective car and bike sharers
  2. To envisage which shared mobility organisations and business models are most likely to succeed in the sustainable upscaling of shared mobility
  3. To assess which factors explain policy change and innovation, and which (mixes of) policy goals, rationales and instruments are most successful to the sustainable upscaling of car and bike sharing


Funding scheme

The total grant award was for NOK 7 000 000.

Project period

January 2016 - September 2020

Tags: Urban development, Transportation
Published Oct. 19, 2016 4:27 PM - Last modified Oct. 25, 2019 9:39 AM