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FirmStrat

Firm Evidence on Ethnic Stratification: Work Organizations, Employment Segregation, and Immigrant Economic Assimilation (FirmStrat)

Illustration of segregation of chess pieces

What determines workplace segregation and inequality within organizations among immigrants and natives? Photo: Shutterstock.com

About the project

The FIRMSTRAT project promotes an organizational approach to the study of ethnic stratification in the labor market. Despite a vast literature on labor market inequalities between immigrants and natives, relatively few prior studies use data where employees are linked directly to their employers to study these issues. Thus, robust evidence about the role of firms and workplace contexts in the processes of immigrant assimilation is still limited. Yet, workplaces arguably constitute key local settings where economic rewards are allocated, social status is negotiated, and a substantial share of social interaction between adults unfolds.

The project will study ethnic workplace segregation and workplace inequalities in pay and career opportunities between the ethnic majority and immigrant-origin workers. Using high-quality LEE data and state-of-the-art panel data techniques, the project will, for example, be able to pinpoint workplace contexts where immigrant-native pay inequalities, net of individual human capital differences, typically are large and those where they are small or even reversed.

Are immigrant-native wage inequalities reduced in more bureaucratised workplaces where wage formation is more formalized? Are immigrant-native wage inequalities aggravated in workplaces where performance pay and bonuses are used? How does firm-level adoption of (skill-biased) technological innovations affect immigrant-origin employees at different skill levels? From a policy perspective, a better grasp of the proximate organizational mechanisms behind ethnic workplace inequalities will enable more targeted interventions and improved enforcement of equal opportunity laws.

Financing

The project is financed by the Norwegian Research Council under Unge forskertalenter. The total grant award is for NOK 9 453 000.

Cooperation

  • University of Massachusetts, Amherst
  • University of Mannheim
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Stockholm University
  • Copenhagen Business School
  • Bielefeld University
  • Sciences Po
  • University of Groningen
  • Statistics Canada
  • University of California, Irvine

Project period

August 2019 - June 2023

 

Publications

  • Hermansen, Are Skeie & Midtbøen, Arnfinn Haagensen (2022). Etterkommere av innvandrere: Mellom integrasjon og utenforskap? In Frønes, Ivar & Kjølsrød, Lise (Ed.), Det norske samfunn - bind 1. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag A/S. ISSN 9788205563414. p. 63–89.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie; Hundebo, Pål Oskar & Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth (2022). Spatial Assimilation at a Halt? Intergenerational Persistence in Neighborhood Contexts among Immigrant Minorities in Norway. International Migration Review. ISSN 0197-9183. p. 1–38. doi: 10.1177/01979183211067771.
  • Lillehagen, Mats Eirik & Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth (2022). Ethnic inequalities in the transition from education to work: a longitudinal analysis of school, college and university graduates. Journal of Education and Work. ISSN 1363-9080. 35(4), p. 357–373. doi: 10.1080/13639080.2022.2073337.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). Visualizing Intergenerational Immigrant Assimilation at Work. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World. ISSN 2378-0231. doi: 10.1177/23780231211072590.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie & Penner, Andrew M. (2022). Trends in Women’s and Men’s College Majors across Four Decades in Norway. Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World. ISSN 2378-0231. 8. doi: 10.1177/23780231221081692.
  • Trond, Petersen; Hermansen, Are Skeie & Gunn Elisabeth, Birkelund (2022). Likestilling: kjønn, arbeid og familiepolitikkens gjennombrudd. In Frønes, Ivar & Kjølsrød, Lise (Ed.), Det norske samfunn : bind 2. Gyldendal Akademisk. ISSN 9788205572300. p. 85–106.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). Ethnic enclaves, early school leaving, and adolescent crime among immigrant youth. European Sociological Review. ISSN 0266-7215. doi: 10.1093/esr/jcac034.
  • Godechot, Olivier; Neumann, Nils; Apascaritei, Paula; Boza, István; Hällsten, Martin & Henriksen, Lasse Folke [Show all 18 contributors for this article] (2022). Ups and downs in finance, ups without downs in inequality. Socio-Economic Review. ISSN 1475-1461. p. 1–27. doi: 10.1093/ser/mwac036.
  • Penner, Andrew; Petersen, Trond; Hermansen, Are Skeie; Rainey, Anthony; Boza, István & Elvira, Marta [Show all 29 contributors for this article] (2022). Within-job gender pay inequality in 15 countries. Nature Human Behaviour. ISSN 2397-3374. doi: https%3A/doi.org/10.1038/s41562-022-01470-z.
  • Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth; Lancee, Bram; Larsen, Edvard Nergård; Polavieja, Javier G; Randl, Jonas & Yemane, Ruta (2021). Gender Discrimination in Hiring: Evidence from a Cross-National Harmonized Field Experiment. European Sociological Review. ISSN 0266-7215. 38(3), p. 337–354. doi: 10.1093/esr/jcab043. Full text in Research Archive
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie; Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald; Rainey, Anthony; Avent-Holt, Dustin; Bandelj, Nina & Boza, Istvan [Show all 27 contributors for this article] (2020). Rising between-workplace inequalities in high-income countries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. ISSN 0027-8424. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1918249117. Full text in Research Archive

View all works in Cristin

  • Madsen, Aleksander Å. & Lillehagen, Mats Eirik (2022). Ethnic Differences in Access to Managerial Positions: An Intergenerational Approach.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). Olje, sand eller grus i maskineriet? Innvandring og makt i det flerkulturelle Norge anno 2022.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). How immigrant pay gaps are shaped by within-job inequality and segregation in European and North American labor markets.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). How immigrant pay gaps are shaped by within-job inequality and segregation in European and North American labor markets .
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). How immigrant pay gaps are shaped by within-job inequality and segregation in European and North American labor markets.
  • Lillehagen, Mats Erik & Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). Entering the Mainstream Economy? Workplace Segregation and Assimilation across Immigrant Generations.
  • Crabtree, Charles; Gaddis, S. Michael; Holbein, John & Larsen, Edvard Nergård (2022). Racially Distinctive Names Signal Both Race/Ethnicity and Social Class. Sociological Science. ISSN 2330-6696.
  • Larsen, Edvard Nergård (2022). NSA Presentation: Which employers discriminate, and which do not? Estimating heterogeneity in hiring discrimination using registry-linked experimental data and honest causal forests.
  • Larsen, Edvard Nergård (2022). ISF Presentation: Which employers do (not) discriminate? Estimating heterogeneity in ethnic hiring discrimination.
  • Gaddis, S. Michael; Larsen, Edvard Nergård; Crabtree, Charles & Holbein, John (2022). Discrimination Against Black and Hispanic Americans is Highest in Hiring and Housing Contexts: A Meta-Analysis of Correspondence Audits. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). ISSN 1556-5068.
  • Lillehagen, Mats Eirik & Hermansen, Are Skeie (2021). Ethnic Workplace Segregation and Assimilation across Immigrant Generations in the Norwegian Labor Market.
  • Crabtree, Charles; Gaddis, S. Michael; Holbein, John & Larsen, Edvard Nergård (2021). Changes in the Amount and Type of Social Science Research on Discrimination: 1950 to 2015. Social Science Research Network (SSRN). ISSN 1556-5068.
  • Drange, Ida; Helland, Håvard & Hermansen, Are Skeie (2020). Occupational licensing, unionization, and workplace variation in pay inequalities between immigrants and natives.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2020). Hva hjelper det å klappe for de lavtlønte? Morgenbladet. ISSN 0805-3847.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2020). Lønnsforskjeller mellom bedrifter forklarer økt ulikhet i Norge. Forskning.no. ISSN 1891-635X.
  • Hermansen, Are Skeie (2019). Sosial mobilitet og inkludering i arbeidslivet blant innvandrere og etterkommere .
  • Larsen, Edvard Nergård; Madsen, Aleksander Å. & Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). Blending in or moving on? Workplace ethnic diversity, immigrant assimilation, and employee turnover. SocArxiv.
  • Lillehagen, Mats Erik & Hermansen, Are Skeie (2022). Entering the Mainstream Economy? Workplace Segregation and Immigrant Assimilation. SocArxiv.

View all works in Cristin

Published Oct. 19, 2020 2:21 PM - Last modified Jan. 26, 2022 2:58 PM