Social Inequalities and Population Dynamics

The Research Unit of Social Inequalities and Population Dynamics strives for academic excellence. We aim to provide solid scientific evidence on major societal challenges in our time.

SIPD research group

The Research Unit aims to contribute to the forefront of international research on social inequalities and population dynamics. 




About the Research Unit

Our research group includes sociologists, demographers, public policy researchers, and economists, through collaboration with the Frisch Centre.  We aim to provide solid scientific evidence on major societal challenges in our time. Our projects combine basic research with research relevant for governance. In particular, we address  challenges in contemporary society related to immigration and ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic origins. We study issues such as education and intergenerational mobility; labor markets and ethnic discrimination in employment; segregation processes in schools, neighborhoods, and workplaces; crime and punishment; family change, fertility, and broader population dynamics. Our key focus is on the Norwegian welfare-state society, but we strive to situate Norway within the comparative context of other rich, developed countries.

In an evaluation of all social science disciplines in Norway from 2018 (SAMEVAL), our group was rated as “Excellent” by an international expert panel appointed by the Research Council of Norway. The research group was described as:

“ ... internationally competitive, its members publish high-quality articles in renowned international journals, with original and theoretically grounded ideas, advanced statistical methods, and high societal relevance. Overall, it produces frontline research.

By emphasizing theoretical, substantive, and methodological collaboration across several disciplines, our goal is to build an internationally outstanding research environment with lasting impact on the social sciences in the 21rst century. 


We take an active part of the teaching and supervision at ISS. The group’s members teach at the quantitative methods courses at all levels and are responsible for several theoretical and substantive courses, such as social inequalities and population dynamics.

Group members provide student supervision on these and related topics at the BA, MA, and PhD levels.

Recent publications:

Andersen, Synøve Nygaard; Holmboe, Morten & Skardhamar, Torbjørn (2021). Fører endringer i loven til endringer i rettspraksis?: En empirisk analyse av straffutmåling i voldsdommer etter en endring av den norske straffeloven. Nordisk Tidsskrift for Kriminalvidenskab.  ISSN 0029-1528.  108(1), s 8- 26

Borgen, Nicolai T., Ivar Frønes, and Oddbjørn Raaum (2021). "Impact of the School Environment on Medical Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Population‐Wide Register Data Study of School‐Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports". Child Development (online first).

Borgen, Nicolai T., Oddbjørn Raaum, Lars Johannessen Kirkebøen, Mari-Anne Sørlie, Terje Ogden, and Ivar Frønes (2021). "Heterogeneity in Short- and Long-Term Impacts of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS) on Academic Outcomes, Behavioral Outcomes, and Criminal Activity". Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness (online first).

Borgen, S. T. (2021). It’s not all About the Peers: Reintroducing School Context to the School Segregation Literature. Available:

Haandrikman, K., Costa, R., Malmberg, B., Rogne, A. F., and Sleutjes, B. (2021). Socio-economic segregation in European cities. A comparative study of Brussels, Copenhagen, Amsterdam, Oslo and Stockholm. Urban Geography, 1-36. DOI:

Gugushvili, Alexi, and Patrick Präg. (2021). “Intergenerational Social Mobility and Health in Russia: Mind over Matter?” Advances in Life Course Research 47:100390. doi: 10.1016/j.alcr.2020.100390.

Gugushvili, Alexi. (2021). “Why Do People Perceive Themselves as Being Downwardly or Upwardly Mobile?” Acta Sociologica 64(1):3–23. doi: 10.1177/0001699320929742.

Larsen, E. N., & Di Stasio, V. (2021). Pakistani in the UK and Norway: different contexts, similar disadvantage. Results from a comparative field experiment on hiring discrimination. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 47(6), 1201-1221

Madsen, Aleksander Å., and Karl Ingar Kittelsen Røberg. (2021) "Education–occupation mismatch and long-term sickness absence: A longitudinal study of over- and under-education using Norwegian population data, 2003–2013". Accepted for publication in Journal of Education and Work.

Madsen, Aleksander Å., Idunn Brekke, and Silje Bringsrud Fekjær (2021). "Women’s Attrition from Male-Dominated Workplaces in Norway: The Importance of Numerical Minority Status, Motherhood and Class." Work, Employment and Society: 09500170211004247.

Präg, Patrick, and Alexi Gugushvili. (2021). “Subjective Social Mobility and Health in Germany.” European Societies 0(0):1–23. doi: 10.1080/14616696.2021.1887916.

Rogne, A. F., S. T. Borgen, E. I. Nordrum. (2021). School segregation and native flight. Quasi-experimental evidence from Norway. Available:

Stonawski, M., Rogne, A. F., Henning Christiansen, H., Bang, H. and Lyngstad T. H. (2021). Ethnic segregation and native out-migration in Copenhagen. European Urban and Regional Studies, 1-21. DOI:

Wessel, Terje & Lunke, Erik Bjørnson (2021) Raising children in the inner city: still a mismatch between housing and households?. Housing Studies 36(1), 131-141.

Isungset, Martin Arstad; Conley, Dalton; Zachrisson, Henrik D. ; Ystrøm, Eivind; Havdahl, Alexandra; Njølstad, Pål R. & Lyngstad, Torkild H. (2021). “Social and Genetic Effects on Educational Performance in Early Adolescence”. NBER Working Paper (28498):1-27

Grätz, Michael, Kieron J. Barclay, Øyvind N. Wiborg, Torkild H. Lyngstad, Aleksi Karhula, Jani Erola, Patrick Präg, Thomas Laidley, and Dalton Conley. (2021). Sibling Similarity in Education Across and Within Societies. Demography 2021; 9164021. doi:

Barclay, Kieron J, Torkild H Lyngstad, and Dalton C Conley. (2021). The Production of Inequalities within Families and across Generations: The Intergenerational Effects of Birth Order on Educational Attainment, European Sociological Review, jcab005

Krick, Eva & Holst, Cathrine (2021). Governance by hybrid advisory committees - a hallmark of social democracy? Comparative Social Research 35: 113-135.


Baier, T. and  Van Winkle, Z. (2020). Does Parental Separation lower Genetic Influences on Children’s School-Related Skills? The Journal of Marriage and Family.

Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth; Johannessen, Lars E. F.; Rasmussen, Erik Børve & Rogstad, Jon (2020). Experience, stereotypes and discrimination. Employers’ reflections on their hiring behavior. European Societies, 22(4): 503-524.

Di Stasio, V., & Larsen, E. N. (2020). The Racialized and Gendered Workplace: Applying an Intersectional Lens to a Field Experiment on Hiring Discrimination in Five European Labor Markets. Social Psychology Quarterly, 83(3), 229-250.

Evensen, Miriam and Torkild Hovde Lyngstad. "Mental health problems in adolescence, first births, and union formation: Evidence from the Young HUNT Study." Advances in Life Course Research 43 (2020): 100324.

Han, JooHee. (2020). “Does Skin Tone Matter? Immigrant Mobility in the U.S. Labor Market.” Demography 57:705–726.

Hermansen, Are Skeie with Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald, et al (2020). "Rising between-workplace inequalities in high-income countries." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117: 9277-9283.

Hermansen, Are Skeie, Nicolai T. Borgen, and Arne Mastekaasa (2020). "Long-term Trends in Adult Socio-Economic Resemblance between Former Schoolmates and Neighbouring Children". European Sociological Review 36(3): 366-380.

Isungset, M. A., Lillehagen, M., & Ugreninov, E. (2020). One Order Fits All? Birth Order and Education in Immigrant Families. European Sociological Review, 36(1), 16-31.

Jansson, F., Birkelund, G. E., & Lillehagen, M. (2020). Segregation within school classes: Detecting social clustering in choice data. PloS One, 15(6), e0233677.

Lappegård, Trude & Tom Kornstad. (2020). Social Norms about Father Involvement and Women’s Fertility, Social Forces, 99(1): 398–423.

Lappegard, Trude, Duvander, Ann-Zofie, Gerda Neyer, Ida Viklund, Synøve N. Andersen & Ólöf Garðarsdóttir. (2020). Fathers’ use of parental leave and union dissolution. European Journal of Population. 36(1), 1-25

Lappegård, Trude. (2020). Future fertility trends are shaped at the intersection of gender and social stratification.  Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2020, 18:1–6.

Larsen, E. N. (2020). Induced competition in matched correspondence tests: Conceptual and methodological considerations. Research in Social Stratification and Mobility, 65, 100475.

Lillehagen, M., & Isungset, M. A. (2020). New Partner, New Order? Multipartnered Fertility and Birth Order Effects on Educational Achievement. Demography, 57(5), 1625-1646.

Madsen, Aleksander Å., (2020) "Return to work after first incidence of long-term sickness absence: a 10-year prospective follow-up study identifying labour-market trajectories using sequence analysis." Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 48.2: 134-143.

Mastekaasa, A. (2020). Absenteeism in the Public and the Private Sector: Does the Public Sector Attract High Absence Employees? Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 30, 60-76. doi:10.1093/jopart/muz003

Sandbukt, Ingeborg Jenssen; Skardhamar, Torbjørn; Kristoffersen, Ragnar & Friestad, Christine (2020). Testing the static-99R as a global screen for risk of sex crime recidivism in a Norwegian routine sample. Sexual abuse. A Journal of Research and Treatment.  ISSN 1079-0632.  s 1- 18 . doi: 10.1177/1079063220951194

Wessel, Terje & Magnusson Turner, Lena (2020) The migration pathway to economic mobility: Does gender matter? Population, Space and Place,

Christensen, Johan & Holst, Cathrine (2020). How Do Advocacy Think Tanks Relate to Academic Knowledge? The Case of Norway. Scandinavian Political Studies 43(3): 223-239.

Holst, Cathrine & Moe, Hallvard (2020). Deliberative systems theory and citizens’ use of online media: testing a critical theory of democracy on a high achiever. Political Studies 69(1): 129-146.

Andersen, Synøve Nygaard; Hyatt, Jordan M. & Telle, Kjetil (2020). Exploring the unintended consequences of implementing electronic monitoring on sentencing in Norway. Nordic Journal of Criminology, 21(2), s 129- 151


Andersen, Synøve Nygaard (2019). Co-offending in Norway: A comparative perspective, In Saskia Hufnagel & Anton Moiseienko (ed.), Criminal networks and law enforcement: Global international perspectives on illicit enterprise.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-0-8153-8600-1.  Chaper 2.  s 7 - 27

Andersen, Synøve Nygaard (2019). Partners in Crime? Post-Release Recidivism among Solo and Co-Offenders in Norway. Nordic Journal of Criminology.  ISSN 2578-983X.  20(2), s 112- 137 . 

Andersen, Synøve Nygaard & Telle, Kjetil (2019). Better Out Than In? The Effect of Replacing Incarceration with Electronic Monitoring on Recidivism in Norway. European Journal of Criminology.  ISSN 1477-3708.

Fauske, Agnes; Hart, Rannveig Kaldager & Bergsvik, Janna (2019). Protocol for ‘Effects of policy effects on fertility: A systematic review of (quasi)experiments.’. SocArXiv. doi: 10.31235/

Baier, T. and Lang, V. (2019). The Social Stratification of Environmental and Genetic Influences on Educational Attainment: New Evidence Using a Register-Based Twin Sample. Sociological Science, 6, 143–171. doi:10.15195/v6.a6.

Baier, T. (2019). Does Sibling and Twin Similarity in Cognitive Ability Differ by Parents’ Education? Journal of Family Research, 1, 58–82. doi:10.3224/zff.v31i1.04.

Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth; Chan, Tak Wing; Ugreninov, Elisabeth; Midtbøen, Arnfinn Haagensen & Rogstad, Jon. (2019). Do terrorist Attacks Affect Ethnic Discrimination in the Labour Market? Evidence from Two Randomised Field Experiments. British Journal of Sociology, 70 (1): 241- 260.

Galster, George & Wessel, Terje (2019). Reproduction of social inequality through housing: a three-generational study from Norway. Social Science Research 78(Feb) 156-169.

Han, JooHee and Michelle Budig. (2019). “Gender Pay Gap.” In Oxford Bibliographies in Sociology. Ed. Lynette Spillman. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mastekaasa, A., Dale-Olsen, H., Hellevik, T., Løset, G. K. and Østbakken, K. M. (2019). Gender Difference in Sickness Absence: Do Managers Evaluate Men and Women Differently with regard to the Appropriateness of Sickness Absence? Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. doi: 10.1177/1403494819890783.

Rege, Mari; Skardhamar, Torbjørn; Telle, Kjetil Elias & Votruba, Mark E (2019). Job displacement and crime: Evidence from Norwegian register data. Labour Economics.  ISSN 0927-5371.  61 . doi: 10.1016/j.labeco.2019.101761

Rogne, A. F., Andersson, E. K., Malmberg, B., and Lyngstad, T. H. (2019). Neighbourhood Concentration and Representation of Non-European migrants: New results from Norway. European Journal of Population. DOI:

Rogne, A. F., Pedersen, W., and Bakken, A. (2019). Immigration and the decline in adolescent binge drinking. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 203. DOI:


Brandén, Maria; Birkelund, Gunn Elisabeth & Szulkin, Ryszard (2018). Ethnic Composition of Schools and Students’ Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Sweden. International Migration Review, 53(2): 486-517.

Han, JooHee. (2018). “Who Goes to College, Military, Prison, or Long-Term Unemployment? Racialized School-to-Labor Market Transitions Among American Men.” Population Research and Policy Review 37(4):615-649.

Rogne, A. F. and Syse, A. (2018). The Effect of Retirement on Male Mortality. Quasi-experimental Evidence from Norway. European Sociological Review, 34(5). DOI:


Hermansen, Are Skeie (2017). "Age at arrival and life chances among childhood immigrants." Demography 54: 201-229.


Published Feb. 15, 2019 10:33 AM - Last modified Mar. 17, 2022 10:32 AM