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Criminal exposure in vulnerable areas

About the project

The overall aim of this project is to establish empirical knowledge on the concentration of social problems in neighbourhoods, and the consequences of such environment for those who live there. The main focus is on crime, both in terms of criminal incidents as well as geographical concentration of residential active offenders.


Most known offenders commit only one or a few offences, while a smaller group commit a large number of crimes over time. Neither are all offenders well connected with other offenders to such an extent that one can say that they are part of a criminal network. This project will first provide a thorough empirical analyses on each these two elements: criminal careers and social networks, and more specifically: co-offending networks of high-rate offenders.

Geographical concentrations of social problems combined with the presence of informal networks of active offenders are sometimes referred to as 'vulnerable areas', with the potential for developing even more serious social problems, related to sub-cultures of social excluded groups. The project then aims at combining the empirical insight of criminal careers and offender networks into analyses of the changes in neighbourhoods over time, and assessing the consequences of neighbourhood characteristics on other residents.


The project is funded by the Research Council of Norway. The total grant is NOK 11.415.000. 

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The Police University College is partner in the project.


01.08.2020 – 31.12.2025


View all works in Cristin

  • Skardhamar, Torbjørn (2022). Neighbourhood risk factors of victimization.
  • Skardhamar, Torbjørn (2022). Kriminalitet, alder og lovbruddskarrierer. In Frønes, Ivar & Kjølsrød, Lise (Ed.), Det norske samfunn - Bind 3. Gyldendal Akademisk. ISSN 9788205572324.
  • Frith, Michael James (2022). Migration and criminal career trajectories in Norway.
  • Frith, Michael James (2022). Crime on street segments: A latent class trajectory analysis.
  • Skardhamar, Torbjørn (2022). Forecasting future criminal activity at birth .
  • Gerell, Anders Emanuel Manne (2022). Utsatta områden, trygghet och tillit till politiet.
  • Gerell, Anders Emanuel Manne (2022). Utsatta områden och utsatta livsvillkor.
  • Gerell, Anders Emanuel Manne (2022). Brottslighetens geografi, gängvåld och utsatta områden.
  • Allvin, Annica & Skardhamar, Torbjørn (2021). Variations in temporal stability of crime patterns in Oslo.

View all works in Cristin

Published Aug. 3, 2020 10:31 AM - Last modified Mar. 17, 2022 10:45 AM