Rohini Pande, Harvard: E-governance, Accountability, and Leakage in Public Programs: Experimental Evidence from a Financial Management Reform in India
ESOP seminar. Rohini Pande is the Mohammed Kamal Professor of Public Policy at Harvard Kennedy School. She will present a paper entitled "E-governance, Accountability, and Leakage in Public Programs: Experimental Evidence from a Financial Management Reform in India", co-authored by Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Clement Imbert, and Santhosh Mathew.
Rohini Pande. Photo: Harvard
In collaboration with the Government of Bihar, India, we conducted a large-scale experiment to evaluate whether transparency in fiscal transfer systems can increase accountability and reduce corruption in the implementation of a workfare program. The reforms introduced electronic fund-flow, cut out administrative tiers, and switched the basis of transfer amounts from forecasts to documented expenditures. Treatment reduced leakages along three measures: expenditures and hours claimed dropped while an independent household survey found no impact on actual employment and wages received; a matching exercise reveals a reduction in fake households on payrolls; and local program officials’ self-reported median personal assets fell.
Host: Kalle Moene