Handling Extremism - Nordic Approaches (HEX-NA)

Nordic Multiagency Approaches to Handling Extremism: Policies, Perceptions and Practice

About the project

In this project, we investigate how this variation in multiagency approaches to preventing radicalization and countering violent extremism shape perceptions of the approach’s legitimacy and levels of mutual trust – among involved stakeholders as well as among public authorities and citizens – in Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland.

In the Nordic countries, prevention of radicalization and violent extremism is layered-on extant crime prevention collaboration within the SSP-framework (school, social services, police). The core tenant of this approach is that early radicalization prevention is best organized as a joint effort, where individual cases are assessed in a holistic manner and relevant information shared. However, despite similarities in the multiagency setup, important national and local difference exists in terms of the legal leeway for exchanging personal information and the practical implementation of preventive measures.

Furthermore, we investigate to what degree variation in perceived legitimacy, trust and justice is linked to variation in the effectiveness of multiagency collaboration and prevention of radicalization.

 As such, the project provides a first comprehensive comparison of legal frameworks, institutional setups, perceptions and practices of the Nordic multiagency approaches to countering violent extremism, as well as a critical analysis of varying implementations, which systematically explore how core components of a Nordic governance model contributes to, and may be preconditions for, effective multiagency collaboration and secure societies. In doing so, the project will provide a more informed platform for spreading Nordic experiences and models of governance to other countries in the area of radicalization prevention and countering violent extremism.


See here for the publications on this project


The project is carried out by researchers at Oslo University, Gothenburg University, Aarhus University and University of Turku. The empirical research of the project is organized in three overlapping work packages, which engage and combine various methods of data collection (surveys, survey experiments, individual interviews, focus groups and participant observation). Data will be collected among the core professional groups of the Nordic multiagency approach to radicalization prevention – school teachers, social workers and police officers – but also among the general public and the policy target groups (vulnerable youth/communities).


This project is funded by the Nordic Societal Security Programme at Nordforsk.



Selected publications

Related publications:

Mixing Logics: Multiagency Approaches for Countering Violent Extremism - The report is authored by Jennie Sivenbring and Robin Andersson Malmros of the Segerstedt Institute of Gothenburg University

Published May 3, 2019 3:16 PM - Last modified Mar. 10, 2022 10:19 AM


  • Tore Bjørgo
  • Randi Solhjell
  • Lasse Lindekilde
  • Mari Kangasniemi
  • Jennie Sivenbring
  • Robin Anderson Malmros
  • Yngve Carlsson
  • Ingvild Magnæs Gjelsvik
  • Anna Maria Fjellman
  • Håvard Haugstvedt
  • Tina Wilchen Christensen
  • Hanna Kallio
Detailed list of participants