Closed clubs: Cumulative advantages and participation in Horizon 2020
This study presents an analysis of 2 216 European higher education institutions (HEIs) from 27 countries. It investigates determinants of participation in the European Union’s Framework Programme for research and innovation (EU FP), Horizon 2020, and empirically assesses how cumulative advantages affect the chances of applying for and receiving funding in collaborative projects.
Having a strong, influential network position in collaborative EU research is found to affect participation in H2020 greatly – suggesting ‘closed clubs’, to the detriment of less influential HEIs. Greater access to resources and capabilities significantly moderates the effect of network position on EU FP participation.
Results indicate that these organizational factors are central in the feedback process whereby large, well-reputed institutions accrue further advantages.