Research stream 2 focuses on how focal sectors react to transformation pressures identified in RS1 while taking into account context conditions (e.g. knowledge infrastructure, value chain organization, policy, natural resources, regional factors).
A main task is to perform comparative analysis of the four focal sectors using transition pathway theory. Empirical work will also include case studies of interactions between established and new industries, and analysis of the implications for value creation and capture.
Some research objectives are:
- Mapping sector regimes, promising emergent niches, and their interplay over time including key actors, key industrial networks, technology value chains, institutions, and spatial distribution of activities
- To identify and analyse cases of diversification and exchange in and across the focal sectors as an approach to study regime-niche interactions
- Explore how and to what extent the transformation processes we observe generate changes in the spatial (where economic activities are located), structural (the composition of firm types e.g. in a given sector), and functional (the nature of firms' economic activities) patterns of industries.
- Understanding the implications of green and smart transformation on processes of (domestic) value creation and capture in different sectors and regions.
Ongoing activities include:
- Jørgen Finstad's PhD project looking at industrial decarbonisation through the development and diffusion of CCS and the effects of multi-sector interactions on a technological innovation system.