Research stream 1 addresses the question of "green" and "smart" transformation pressures on focal sectors. This includes how pressures are experienced by actors as well as current and foreseen types and directionality of transformation processes. Understanding transformation pressures and potential future pathways also requires an understanding of historical trajectories of the focal sectors given mechanisms of path dependence in sectoral and systems change. This requires grounding the issue of transformation pressures and pathways in knowledge on the history of key Norwegian industrial sectors and regions.
As part of research stream 1 we have published the report "Greener and smarter? Transformations in five Norwegian industrial sectors"