Mission (im)possible? Mobilizing innovation – and policies supporting it – in the transition to sustainability
This working paper by Jan Fagerberg provides new insight into the speed with which transition happens by studying wind energy in Denmark, the German Energiewende and electrical cars in Norway.
Research has shown that transitions easily may take several decades if not more to unfold. However, it has also been suggested that change may occur faster when advantages for end-users are sufficiently large and/or there are proactive policies in place. This paper aims at providing new insights on these matters through a discussion of three specific cases, all from Europe, in which change has been very quick indeed: Wind energy in Denmark, the German Energiewende and electrical cars in Norway.
The focus is particularly on the actors that took part, how policy schemes supporting these developments were shaped and what their impacts were. It is concluded that by embracing the opportunities offered by the renewable energy revolution and actively involving users (and attracting new ones) it is possible for policy-makers to encourage (green) innovation, create new jobs and significantly speed up the transition.
Published Nov. 12, 2019 12:54 PM
- Last modified Nov. 12, 2019 12:54 PM