On Xenophobia and Nativism
Sindre Bangstad gives an historical overview of political experiences which can be connected with attitudes of xenohphobia in Norway. One of his observations is that "it is not white Norwegians of working-class background in Oslo East who hold the most negative views of immigrants and minorities in Norway. Those white Norwegians who are most likely to hold the most negative views of immigrants and minorities are in fact those least likely to have everyday contact with people of immigrant and minority background"
If there is anything that social anthropological literature on ethnicity and ethnic relations can tell us, it is that such boundary-makings, expressed in ‘nativist’ and ‘xenophobic’ attitudes, are not innate, but are constructed in and through social and political processes (Barth, 1969). They are often constructed by social and political elites seeking to gain capital and clout.
The article can be read from page 87 in "Recycling Hatred:Racism(s) in Europe Today"