Disputas: Cicilie-Merethe Fagerlid

Cand.polit Cicilie-Merethe Fagerlid ved Sosialantropologisk institutt vil forsvare sin avhandling for graden ph.d.:

"The Stage is all the World, and the Players are mere Men and Women. Performance Poetry in Postcolonial Paris"

Tid og sted for prøveforelesning

Tid: kl 10:15-11.00

Sted: Auditorium 5, Vilhelm Bjerknes hus

Oppgitt emne:

Anthropological conceptualizations of performative spaces: theoretical orientations and methodological challenges

Bedømmelseskomité

Førsteopponent er Susan Terrio, professor of Anthropology and French Studies ved Department of Anthropology, Georgetown University.

Andreopponent er Inger Sjørslev, lektor i antropologi ved Institut for Antropologi, Københavns Universitet.

Professor Odd Are Berkaak er administrator og komiteens tredje medlem.

Leder av disputas

Professor Christian Krohn-Hansen, Sosialantropologisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo

Veileder

Professor Marit Melhuus, Sosialantropologisk institutt, Universitetet i Oslo

 

Poetisk opprør i Paris

Hvordan kan et poesimiljø som forener førskolebarn og pensjonister, sykepleiere og fengselsfugler – og alt imellom – vise oss hvordan et samfunn kan bli mer demokratisk og rettferdig? Hvordan kan det å dele dikt hjelpe mennesker ut av voldelige forhold, rusavhengighet, psykiske problemer eller ensomhet og meningsløshet?

Antropolog Cicilie Fagerlid dro for å gjøre feltarbeid på sameksistens og tilhørighet i innvandrertette deler av Paris rett før opprørene brakte løs i 2005. På leting etter forklaringer på frustrasjonen og sinnet som hersket, kom hun over det franske slampoesimiljøet.

I barer og kafeer i folkelige bydeler samles alle slags mennesker for å lytte til hverandres dikt. Gjennom handlinger og ord skapes et inkluderende miljø hvor alle kan delta, på så like premisser som mulig. På poesiatelierene hjelper erfarne utøvere unge i forstedene, eldre, hjemløse, psykiatriske pasienter eller simpelthen skrivelystne til å uttrykke seg foran et publikum. Ved å bli lyttet til og bli anerkjent som likeverdige mennesker, gjenskapes det fulle menneskeverdet mange har blitt frarøvet. Disse poetene protesterer slik i praksis mot en republikk som ikke holder sine løfter om frihet, likhet, solidaritet og respekt for alle. Se også bloggen Cicilie among the Parisians

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

How can a poetry phenomenon remedy social injustices and democratic challenges as well as being deeply meaningful for the individual participants? In bars and cafés in popular and cosmopolitan areas of Paris, people of all ages and backgrounds come together to listen to each other’s poems. Together, through words and practice, they create an inclusive, convivial community where freedom and solidarity are balanced. I argue that the ethos which encourages participation on strictly equal terms – equal time, equal acknowledgement – creates an atmosphere of democracy, equality and respect more republican than the Republic itself. Parisian “slam poetry” seeks to bring the life of the individual into the limelight and lets each speak for her or himself, in her or his own singular language. Slam thereby reconciles a strong emphasis on a common humanity with recognition of difference. The research is based on 16 months of fieldwork in Northeast Paris, starting just weeks before the riots in 2005 and ending with the election of President Sarkozy in 2007.

I analyse the performance poetry through various angles. First, I situate the phenomenon in its socio-political home, the highly mixed and rebellious neighbourhood of Belleville. Second, I explore in ethnographic detail the content and organisation of a particular slam session as it unfolds. Next, I present personal accounts of how slamming may serve as personal therapy, letting participants reclaim human dignity and reverse denigrating life trajectories marked by postcolonial discrimination and other kinds of violence and abuse. Furthermore, I aim to grasp the creative force (poiesis) of the sessions through showing how performance, like ritual, can reach deep inside of artist as well as audience and “animate at the deepest level,” as a practitioner phrases it.

By comparing Parisian slam with its counterpart in the United States, where competition and identity politics dominate the scene, I bring out specifically French, Republican aspects of equality and solidarity. Through a retired school teacher's poem of historical injustice, a Cambodian child refugee's poem of his flight to France, a local man's poem about the 2005 banlieue riots and a French Fulani's poem of ancestors' nomadic routes among several other examples, I show how France emerges as a bundle of wide-ranging territorial, ideational and migratory lines and relations, with an inclusive basis for belonging and a broad notion of community. Finally, I position the slam scene within two starkly different perceptions of personhood and (national) community, one relational and open, the other closed and essentialist. I suggest that in Europe today these perceptions compete as answers to the same democratic crisis.

 

Publisert 20. aug. 2012 09:41 - Sist endret 18. mars 2015 12:42