The Governing of Extraction, Oil Enclaves,and Indigenous Responses in the Ecuadorian Amazon
Maria A. Guzman-Gallegos discusses the governing of oil extraction in Ecuador.
This chapter discusses the governing of oil extraction in Ecuador, the formation of oil enclaves and indigenous responses to the establishment and operation of oil fields. It explores how the Ecuadorian state's licensing policies facilitates the establishment of oil enclaves as operational and exclusionary spaces. It examines the importance local agencies and local histories of differentiation and conflict have for the establishment of oil fields, both socially and politically, and for indigenous resistance to this establishment. Indigenous resistance organizations through alliances with national and international actors have opposed processes of enclave formation. Yet the alternative flow of resources coming from such alliances (modest in relation to that flowing form the oil economy) may result in strengthening enclave formation.