Eilert Sundts Hus (map)
Moltke Moes vei 31
Based on Signe Howells ongoing comparative research project on the high profile global REDD+ initiative (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) in developing countries, Signe Howell presents some findings from studies in the Amazon, Tanzania and Indonesia that show how a project, initially perceived by the financiers (UN, World Bank, Norwegian government etc.) as a straight-forward 'nature' (in this case forest) project, with technocratic solutions, has turned into a highly complex 'society' project.
Signe Howell begins by telling an abbreviated version of Chewong myth about frog people, as part of the anthology The handbook of contemporary animism. Chewong is a small group of hunter-gatherers and shifting cultivators who, at the time of Howells first fieldwork in the late 1970s, lived deep inside the Malaysian tropical rainforest.
While the In Search of Europe? project involves several academic disciplines, of the involved disciplines, anthropology in particular can lay claim to an important history as well as an ongoing engagement with art. Arnd Schneider would therefore like to start this brief intervention with a short observation on that history.
Ruth Prince is following the development in the city of Kisumu in western Kenya since the late 1990s in her article. She is listening to experiences from several local women who tell us about the changing conditions of living through the decades.
This article written by Arnd Schneider represents an exercise in dialogical anthropology, based on a collaboration with contemporary visual artists in a specific fieldwork locale in Argentine
The article is open to the public in critical arts
The debate over the concept "mana" has been simmering ever since its launch as a Melanesian ethnographic term with the 1891 publication of Robert Henry Codrington’s The Melanesians. In this article, Thorgeir Kolshus gives a linguistic overview of the concept of "mana" used in Polynesian cultures.
This article has sought to shed light on processes of inclusion and exclusion in Norwegian mediated public spheres. Sindre Bangstad has argued that contemporary conceptions of freedom of expression among liberal media editors in Norway are suggestive of a hierarchisation of human rights in which freedom of expression is posited as an absolute and inalienable right,overriding all other rights and concerns, such as concerns relating to rights to non-discrimination.
Read the whole article in Social Anthropology
This article represents the situation as Signe Howell found it during her first fieldwork. Then, as Chewong have done for generations, they lived in small settlements scattered throughout an area of about 190 square miles, the Krau Wildlife Reserve of Pahang. This Chewong regard as their traditional territory.
Animal domestication is a dynamic and open-ended process which potentially transforms both the animal and its surroundings. Using the case of Atlantic salmon, John Law and Marianne Lien describes a series of scientific and fish-farming practices, based on fieldwork in West Norway. They show how different salmon are being enacted within those different practices, and explore the precarious choreographies of those practices, and the ways in which they enact agency and also work to generate Otherness. Their article is part of the project 'Newcomers to the farm, Atlantic salmon between the wild and the industrial'.
For more information and full text (for subscribers) visit sss.sagepub.com
Land continues to be a contentious issue in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Recently, a new form of conflict over land has received much attention. Knut G. Nustad and Frode Sundnes claim that in the case they study, the nature of the land itself is at stake. The wetland area, which served as hunting grounds in the past, was transformed into productive fields. This struggle over the nature of the land lies at the heart of the controversy surrounding the land claim.
This chapter contributed by Knut Gunnar Nustad discusses notions of 'property' and 'rights' in the context of South Africa's land reform programme. Both concepts carry with them a heavy ideological baggage. This is evident in the policies on land reform, which have sought to reach a compromise between different and often contradictory histories of both rights and property.
Recent ethnographies of clinical research in Africa have described the impotance of "relatedness" to the successful conduct of trials. They have also revealed the tensions between such relatedness and the scentific and ethical rules of clinical trial work, and at the risks of mixing professional and private, erasing the "ordered separartions upon which formal ethics and scientific evidence rest". Among other colleagues, Ruthe Prince and Paul Wenzel Geissler participate in this overviewarticle of HIV science in western Kenya.
Publisher's Page with open access to the article
In this article, Sindre Bangstad, Oddbjørn Leirvik and John R.Brown ask what anthropology can tell us about the multiple ways in which European Muslims engage with liberal and secular laws and the state.
Read the whole article in Ethnos
Working in Africa with public health researchers— sharing goals, respecting science, enjoying company—Wenzel Geissler was time and again struck by our faculty to unknow our daily confrontation with inequality.
Sindre Bangstad is giving an historical overview of political experiences which can be connected with attitudes of xenohphobia in Norway. One of his observations is that " it is not white Norwegians of working-class background in Oslo East who hold the most negative views of immigrants and minorities in Norway. Those white Norwegians who are most likely to hold the most negative views of immigrants and minorities are in fact those least likely to have everyday contact with people of immigrant and minority background"
A new and amended § 100 was introduced in the aftermath of the 1999 report (in 2004) of the Norwegian Commission of Freedom of Expression (1996–1999). In this article, Sindre Bangstad explores the recent application of § 135(a) by higher Norwegian courts, along with the shifting historical understandings of freedom of expression and its limits. He argues that these shifting understandings have played a role in the manner in which higher Norwegian courts have applied this paragraph.