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Signe Howell begins by telling an abbreviated version of Chewong myth about frog people, as part of the anthology The handbook of contemporary animism. Chewong is a small group of hunter-gatherers and shifting cultivators who, at the time of Howells first fieldwork in the late 1970s, lived deep inside the Malaysian tropical rainforest.
While the In Search of Europe? project involves several academic disciplines, of the involved disciplines, anthropology in particular can lay claim to an important history as well as an ongoing engagement with art. Arnd Schneider would therefore like to start this brief intervention with a short observation on that history.
Ruth Prince is following the development in the city of Kisumu in western Kenya since the late 1990s in her article. She is listening to experiences from several local women who tell us about the changing conditions of living through the decades.
This article written by Arnd Schneider represents an exercise in dialogical anthropology, based on a collaboration with contemporary visual artists in a specific fieldwork locale in Argentine
The article is open to the public in critical arts
The debate over the concept "mana" has been simmering ever since its launch as a Melanesian ethnographic term with the 1891 publication of Robert Henry Codrington’s The Melanesians. In this article, Thorgeir Kolshus gives a linguistic overview of the concept of "mana" used in Polynesian cultures.
Arnd Schneider and Cristopher Wright examine the relationship between art and anthropology, as editors of this anthology. In engaging with the concerns of both fields, they focus on key works from artists and anthropologists that engage with "art-ethnography" and they investigate the processes and strategies behind their creation and exhibition.
This article has sought to shed light on processes of inclusion and exclusion in Norwegian mediated public spheres. Sindre Bangstad has argued that contemporary conceptions of freedom of expression among liberal media editors in Norway are suggestive of a hierarchisation of human rights in which freedom of expression is posited as an absolute and inalienable right,overriding all other rights and concerns, such as concerns relating to rights to non-discrimination.
Read the whole article in Social Anthropology
This article represents the situation as Signe Howell found it during her first fieldwork. Then, as Chewong have done for generations, they lived in small settlements scattered throughout an area of about 190 square miles, the Krau Wildlife Reserve of Pahang. This Chewong regard as their traditional territory.
In a chapter in this new book about food research Marianne Lien and Eivind Jacobsen argue that marketers have worked hard to understand and shape the buying practices of urban shoppers, acknowledging how their diverse, segmented and unruly behaviour has changed over time. The authors explore how marketing emerged out economics as a field of knowledge, how it has filled the growing distance between buyers and sellers and they look at some of its successes and failures.
Read more about the book at www.bloomsbury.com
Animal domestication is a dynamic and open-ended process which potentially transforms both the animal and its surroundings. Using the case of Atlantic salmon, John Law and Marianne Lien describes a series of scientific and fish-farming practices, based on fieldwork in West Norway. They show how different salmon are being enacted within those different practices, and explore the precarious choreographies of those practices, and the ways in which they enact agency and also work to generate Otherness. Their article is part of the project 'Newcomers to the farm, Atlantic salmon between the wild and the industrial'.
For more information and full text (for subscribers) visit sss.sagepub.com
Land continues to be a contentious issue in much of sub-Saharan Africa. Recently, a new form of conflict over land has received much attention. Knut G. Nustad and Frode Sundnes claim that in the case they study, the nature of the land itself is at stake. The wetland area, which served as hunting grounds in the past, was transformed into productive fields. This struggle over the nature of the land lies at the heart of the controversy surrounding the land claim.
This chapter contributed by Knut Gunnar Nustad discusses notions of 'property' and 'rights' in the context of South Africa's land reform programme. Both concepts carry with them a heavy ideological baggage. This is evident in the policies on land reform, which have sought to reach a compromise between different and often contradictory histories of both rights and property.
Recent ethnographies of clinical research in Africa have described the impotance of "relatedness" to the successful conduct of trials. They have also revealed the tensions between such relatedness and the scentific and ethical rules of clinical trial work, and at the risks of mixing professional and private, erasing the "ordered separartions upon which formal ethics and scientific evidence rest". Among other colleagues, Ruthe Prince and Paul Wenzel Geissler participate in this overviewarticle of HIV science in western Kenya.
Publisher's Page with open access to the article
In this article, Sindre Bangstad, Oddbjørn Leirvik and John R.Brown ask what anthropology can tell us about the multiple ways in which European Muslims engage with liberal and secular laws and the state.
Read the whole article in Ethnos
Working in Africa with public health researchers— sharing goals, respecting science, enjoying company—Wenzel Geissler was time and again struck by our faculty to unknow our daily confrontation with inequality.
Sindre Bangstad is giving an historical overview of political experiences which can be connected with attitudes of xenohphobia in Norway. One of his observations is that " it is not white Norwegians of working-class background in Oslo East who hold the most negative views of immigrants and minorities in Norway. Those white Norwegians who are most likely to hold the most negative views of immigrants and minorities are in fact those least likely to have everyday contact with people of immigrant and minority background"
A new and amended § 100 was introduced in the aftermath of the 1999 report (in 2004) of the Norwegian Commission of Freedom of Expression (1996–1999). In this article, Sindre Bangstad explores the recent application of § 135(a) by higher Norwegian courts, along with the shifting historical understandings of freedom of expression and its limits. He argues that these shifting understandings have played a role in the manner in which higher Norwegian courts have applied this paragraph.
On the anniversary of the terrorist attack on 22/7 2011, Sindre Bangstad has written a summary of the trial and the public discussion attached to it. – This much is clear, he writes: the now thirty-three year old Anders Behring Breivik has already lost the battle to shape the future of multicultural Norway. And we will say this again and again: history does not – and never will - absolve anyone for human evil of the kind perpetrated against innocent children, women and men in Norway.
I siste nummer av American Anthropologist fokuserer Sindre Bangstad på intern norske meningsdannelse før og etter terroraksjonen den 22.07.2011. Et sammendrag av artikkelen kan lastes ned her
In his review article Sindre Bangstad refers to Jeremy Waldrons defense of the regulation of hate speech positions itself within a liberal framework concerned with the balancing of individual rights.
-With The Harm in Hate Speech, Prof. Jeremy Waldron (New York University School of Law and All Souls College, Oxford) has simply written the most balanced, moderate and eloquent defense of laws restricting hate speech to date. Whether politicians, legislators and academics will be prepared to engage honestly and reflectively with his arguments remain to be seen.
The key focus for Susanne Brandtstädter, Peter Wade and Kath Woodward is the conjuncture in which culture – claims of a collective distinction concerning heritage, location, moralities and values – has become the terrain of political struggles over the subject of rights in national and international politics, the re-allocation of entitlements, definitions of value, and new forms of political representation.
Signe Howell is arguing that the Chewong’s understanding of causality in human existence has no conceptual room for luck or fortune. Metaphysically derived knowledge is applied in daily and ritual practice, ensuring a life that, ideally, is prosperous and devoid of unwanted or dangerous events. In egalitarian Chewong society, every person is responsible for the correct application of this knowledge for the benefit of oneself and others. The premise for well-being is dependent upon the relationship between every individual Chewong man and woman and the numerous conscious beings that populate their environment. Sociality can be understood only from this perspective.
In his article Knut Christian Myhre explores social anthropology’s relationship to, and conception of, language, and uses kinship as an example to show how the discipline presumes and entails a digital conception of social relations, which leaves little room for language as a constitutive phenomenon.
Susanne Brandtstädter argues that, where the realities of market liberalisation and governing through law are experienced as corruption, feudal superstition recreates the conditions to realise liberated peasant subjects: a participatory local public sphere, political visibility, investments in the public good, and a new collective property.