Foreldrekonflikter etter samlivsbrudd: En analyse av samspill og kilder til det fastlåsende
Wenke Gulbrandsen har skrevet en artikkel i Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening
Parents in mediation: Patterns of communication and sources to conflicts
Three issues have dominated the discourse among practitioners who assist parents in severe conflicts attached to the breakup: How to identify these cases, how to understand the driving forces in the conflicts, and how to help the families. The aim of this qualitative study was primarily to shed light on the first two questions: How could patterns in the dialogues between parents in high conflicts be identified, and what topics seemed to bring the conversation into a dead end? Qualitative analyses of audio taped mediation dialogues displayed an interaction with frequent interruptions, subjects shifting rapidly, escalating emotions, and no mutual recognition and trust. Behind fights about visitation schedules and custody the author identified eight sources to the conflicts: Two attached to the breakup, four concerns related to the understanding and care for the child, one about antagonistic ideas for future life, and one about voices that dominated the dialogue from the outside. Usually, the emotional reactions and concerns raised by one of the parents were dismissed as irrelevant by the other. To offer couples better assistance, mediators are advised to confirm these differences and give the parties more space to talk about them before returning to questions about the practical agreements.
Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening, 2013, 50 (6), 538-551