Based on its own local historical and cultural traditions every society has to negotiate its own balance between individual and communal values. Conceiving globalization as an ideology or worldview, as a system of ideas and values circulating in the public realm influencing societies worldwide thereby defining and articulating local values and visions for social change, this study analyzes the influence of globalization on communal values and sense of community in three different societies: A post communist East European republic (The Czech Republic), a Nordic welfare state (Norway) and a modern West African society (Ghana). Comparative, longitudinal analyses of ideological shifts reflected in changes in language usage in public discourse (newspapers) in the three nations revealed how currently globalized ideology merges with local ideologies in unique ways with regard to the balance between individualism and communal values.
This anthology focuses on empirical studies comparing cultures in relation to central positive psychological topics. It contains selected papers from the 5th European Conference on Positive Psychology held in 2010 in Denmark. The book starts out with an introductory chapter that brings together the main ideas and findings within an integrative perspective, based on a broad theoretical framework encompassing interdisciplinary and methodological issues. It gives special emphasis to some open issues in the theory and assessment of culture-related dimensions, and to the potential of positive psychology in addressing them. The introductory chapter is followed by two chapters that examine theoretical approaches and instruments developed to assess happiness and well-being across cultures. Following that examination, five chapters are devoted to the relationship between well-being, cultures and values. The second half of the book prominently investigates well-being across cultures in the light of socio-economic factors.
This book shows that positive psychology, now officially well into its second decade, is providing still finer-grained perspectives on the diversity of cultures along with insights about our shared human nature, uniting us for better or worse.