Maltreated and non-maltreated children's true and false memories of neutral and emotional wordlists in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott task
Maltreated (n = 26) and non-maltreated (n = 31) 7- to 12-year-old children were tested on the Deese/Roediger–McDermott (DRM) false memory task using emotional and neutral word lists.
True recall was significantly better for non-maltreated than maltreated children regardless of list valence. The proportion of false recall for neutral lists was comparable regardless of maltreatment status. However, maltreated children showed a significantly higher false recall rate for the emotional lists than non-maltreated children. Together, these results provide new evidence that maltreated children could be more prone to false memory illusions for negatively valenced information than their non-maltreated counterparts.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 2016, 143, 102–110