Self-protective strategies, violence and psychopathy: theory and a case study

Ellen Hartmann og Peder Chr. Bryhn Nørbech har sammen med Patricia M. Crittenden skrevet en artikkel i Journal of Personality Assessment


Although it has been proposed that attachment is a key factor in psychopathy and violence, conceptualization of its potential role remains limited. This article uses the dynamic-maturational model of attachment and adaptation (DMM; Crittenden, 2008) and a case study to illustrate an etiological model of psychopathy and violence. The Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; George, Kaplan, & Main, 1984-1996), coded according to the DMM system (Crittenden & Landini, 2011), was used to identify the participant's self-protective attachment strategies, and to explore indexes indicating opportunities for change. To allow a more elaborated understanding of this participant's personality, AAI findings were compared and contrasted with the Rorschach method (Rorschach, 1921/1942).The AAI indicated unresolved loss and trauma, alternation between delusionally idealizing dismissive (Type A) and menacing-paranoid entangled (Type C) strategies, possible depression, and the potential for reorganization. The Rorschach showed many similarities with the AAI findings. Implications for the understanding of psychopathy, violence, and treatment are presented.

Journal of Personality Assessment, 2013, 95 (6), 571 - 584

Published Feb. 18, 2014 8:00 AM - Last modified Sep. 3, 2015 1:29 PM