Object relations, reality testing and social withdrawal in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder

Anne-Kari Torgalsbøen har sammen med Charlotte Fredslund Hansen, Jan Ivar Røssberg, Kristin Lie Romm, Ole Andreas Andreassen, Morris D. Bell og Ingrid Melle skrevet en artikkel i The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease


In this study, we investigated the relationships between observed social withdrawal (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS] Passive Social Withdrawal and PANSS Active Social Avoidance), subjectively experienced social withdrawal (Social Functioning Scale [SFS] Withdrawal and SFS Interpersonal Behavior), and their associations to the underlying psychological patterns of Object Relations and Reality Testing. Patients with schizophrenia (n = 55) and bipolar disorder (n = 51) from the ongoing Thematically Organized Psychosis project, Oslo University Hospital, Norway, were evaluated using the Bell Object Relations and Reality Testing Inventory, the PANSS, and the SFS. Object relations and reality testing subscales related differentially to PANSS Passive Social Withdrawal and PANSS Active Social Avoidance. These two measures, together with the level of alienation, explained a significant amount of variance in self-experienced social dysfunction. Findings reveal the multidimensional nature of social dysfunction in severe mental disorders.

The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 2013, 201 (3), 222-225


Published Apr. 9, 2013 9:00 AM - Last modified Apr. 9, 2013 10:04 AM