Language Delay in 3-Year-Old Children With ADHD Symptoms

Jens Egeland har sammen med Nina Rohrer-Baumgartner, Pål Zeiner, Patricia Eadie, Kristin Gustavson, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud og Heidi Aase skrevet en artikkel i Journal of Attention Disorders


Objective: Little is known about cognition in preschoolers with ADHD and language delay (LD). The objective was to investigate cognitive functions in preschoolers with ADHD symptoms and LD compared with children with ADHD symptoms only and to estimate the frequency of children with ADHD symptoms, co-occurring language delay, and delays on cognitive measures.

Method: Participants were recruited from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. The teacher report of expressive language and the cognitive tests from 119 3-year-old children with parent reported ADHD symptoms and LD were compared with those of 258 children with ADHD symptoms only.

Results: The ADHD + LD group performed significantly worse than the ADHD group on most language-related measures. There were no differences between the groups on most nonverbal measures. Single measures had a limited potential of differentiating between the groups.

Conclusion: ADHD symptoms and co-occurring LD in preschoolers were characterized by cognitive deficits associated with both disorders, not with global neurodevelopmental delay.

Journal of Attention Disorders, 2013, doi: 10.1177/1087054713497253

Published Nov. 12, 2013 8:30 AM