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The hardening hypothesis states that with the declining prevalence and growing social disapproval of smoking, remaining smokers are more unwilling and unable to quit as well as increasingly characterized by low socioeconomic status and psychiatric comorbidity.
Although extensive research has documented the effectiveness of common or dual in-groups on improving intergroup relations, little is known about how individual-difference variables affect people's willingness to make such re-categorizations in the first place.
Human cortical thickness and surface area are genetically independent, emerge through different neurobiological events during development, and are sensitive to different clinical conditions.
Evidence from recent studies challenge traditional memory system accounts of separate mechanisms for implicit and explicit memory.
Eyewitness error is one of the leading causes of wrongful convictions.
The accuracy and consistency of children’s memories of their removals from their biological families by the Child Protective Services (CPS) was investigated.
George A. Miller’s presidential address to the American Psychological Association in 1969 urged psychologists “to give psychology away” in order to solve social problems related to human health and welfare, and has since become a standard reference for calls for social responsibility.
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) has been shown to efficiently treat children and youth exposed to traumatizing events.
The candidate gene approach directly tests the effects of genetic variation within a potentially contributing gene in an association study.
To examine the impact of Internet-based information about how to simulate being mentally healthy on the Rorschach and the MMPI–2, 87 psychiatric outpatients completed the tests under 4 conditions: uncoached and Internet-coached outpatients under faking healthy instructions (faking patients and Internet-faking patients) and patients and nonpatients under standard instructions (standard patients and standard nonpatients).
Under-treatment and unmet needs among survivors have been documented years after terror attacks.
Patients with a history of deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) are prescribed a greater amount of medication than the general public.
Utgitt i forbindelse med professor Ivar Reinvangs 70 årsdag.
Expert witnesses have various tasks that frequently include issues of memory.
Amplifiers are signals that improve the perception of underlying differences in quality.
In what ways has psychology become more influential in Western society?
Data suggest that individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) and superior intelligence can present without specific neurocognitive deficits.
A growing consensus holds that ADHD is a developmental disorder, associated with impaired executive function (EF; Willcutt, Doyle, Nigg, Faraone, & Pennington, 2005).
Karl Halvor Teigen har skrevet kapittelet "Luck" i A. C. Michalos (ed.): Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research
When people are asked to estimate the probabilities of uncertain events, they often neglect the additivity principle, which requires that the probabilities assigned to an exhaustive set of outcomes should add up to 100%.
The paper reflects on the advancement of the psychologisation of Western society through the notion of «the therapeutic ethos» and discusses political and moral implications of its “triumph”.
A prolonged exposure (i.e., perceptual adaptation) to a male or a female face can produce changes (i.e., aftereffects) in the subsequent gender attribution of a neutral or average face, so that it appears respectively more female or more male.
Else-Marie Augusti og Annika Melinder har sammen med Kelly McWilliams, Jacinthe Dion, Stephanie D. Block og Gail S. Goodman skrevet kapittelet "Children as Witnesses" i Gary Melton (ed.):The SAGE Handbook of Child Research
Recent research on verbal probability statements has revealed that some expressions (e.g., possible) are especially appropriate for describing outcomes in the high end of a distribution, whereas other expressions (e.g., certain) are more appropriate for describing low-end values.