Guest Lecture by professor Jan Dul
Professor Jan Dul, Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM), the Netherlands is giving a lecture on the topic: "Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA)"
Theoretical "necessary but not sufficient" statements are common in the social sciences. Traditional data analyses approaches (e.g., correlation or multiple regression) are not appropriate for testing or inducing such statements. In his talk Jan Dul will present Necessary Condition Analysis (NCA) as a general and straightforward methodology for identifying necessary conditions in datasets.
The "necessary but not sufficient" logic implies that necessary contributions of determinants (e.g., events, characteristics, resources, efforts) to a desired outcome (e.g., good performance) must be present for achieving that outcome, but their presence is not sufficient to obtain that outcome. Without the necessary condition, there is guaranteed failure, which cannot be compensated by other determinants of the outcome.
This logic and its related methodology are fundamentally different from the traditional sufficiency-based logic and methodology. Professor Dul will present examples of necessary but not sufficient conditions in every-day life, as well as in business practice, and will show how necessary but not sufficient hypotheses can be empirically tested or induced. Also, if time allows, he will demonstrate a software tool that can offer support to researchers to apply NCA.
If time allows, Jan Dul will also talk about ergonomics and creativity.
Organisations can only gain a sustainable competitive advantage if they constantly innovate their products, services and processes. All innovations begin with creative ideas of people, and creativity is needed in all phases of the innovation process. Jan Dul will discuss several factors in the work environment that can stimulate creativity. All factors can be influenced by design or management, e.g., supported by practitioners, including human factors and ergonomics professionals, environmental psychology professionals, and health and safety professionals.
About the lecturer
Jan Dul is a professor of technology and human factors at Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University (RSM), the Netherlands. His research focuses on human factors (ergonomics) and, in particular, the interaction between people and the technological and social-organisational work environment. The goal of his research is to develop products, tools, production systems and procedures that can improve productivity, quality, creativity, and health and safety in the work environment, thus maximising business performance as well as human well-being.
Professor Dul is currently an associate editor, reviewer, and member of the editorial boards of a number of major academic journals. He is a member of the advisory boards of various associations, agencies and institutes and was previous a member of the board of the International Ergonomics Association. Professor Dul is a regular speaker at management events worldwide and has shared his insights with over 50 companies including professionals in the field of innovation management, human resource management, and occupational health and safety on the specific issue of how to create work environments that facilitate employee performance and well-being.
Before joining RSM, Professor Dul held a number of senior positions in the (semi) public sector. He was head of the Department of Innovation at the Netherlands Institute for Work and Employment; head of the Department of Posture and Movement Research at the TNO Institute of Preventive Health Care, Leiden; an Ergonomics Researcher at the Department of Working Conditions, the TNO Institute of Preventive Health Care, Leiden.