Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland

Image of Marianne Skogbrott Birkeland
Norwegian version of this page
Mobile phone +47 41433496
Available hours By agreement
Username
Visiting address Forskningsveien 3A Harald Schjelderups hus 0373 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1094 Blindern 0317 Oslo
Other affiliations Department of Education (Student)

Academic interests

Change and stability in cognitive, emotional, and social functioning during the life course, and how strains and trauma can disturb normal development. Factors that can protect against negative effects of strains and trauma, particularly social relations.

Development, change, and treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Daily dynamics in cognitive, emotional, and social processes and how this dynamic is associated with mental health or psychopathology.

Technology as adjunct to treatment of PTSD

Statistical analyses for longitudinal data, particularly for experience sampling methodology (ESM), as well as network analysis.

Courses taught

PSY1200 / PSYC1210 Introduksjon til utviklingspsykologi

PSYC2210 Utviklingspsykologi 2

PSY4205 Forebygging av psykiske vansker hos barn og unge

PSYC1302 Profesjonsforberedende 2

PSYC2502 Profesjonsforberedende 4 / Innføring i helsefremmende og forebyggende arbeid

Background

Birkeland works as a researcher at the Norwegian centre for violence and traumatic stress research (NKVTS) and as an associate professor II at Department for health- development and personality psychology at PSI. She works in many project related to violence, trauma, and PTSD, particularly in adolescents and young adults. She is principal investigator on a project on developing and testing use of an app (“My everyday life”) as an adjunct to trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy (TF-CBT) in adolescents. In this project we collect daily data on how traumatized adolescents experience their everyday life. More about Birkeland’s work at NKVTS.

She is a clinical psychologist from University of Bergen (2005), where she also defended her PhD thesis «Development of global self-esteem during adolescence and young adulthood» (2013).

Partners

She collaborates with researchers from University of Delaware (USA), University of Uppsala (Sweden), University of Haifa (Israel), Modum Bad Psychiatric Center (Norway), and Vestre Viken Hospital Trust (Norway), among others.

Tags: Developmental psychology

Publications

  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Thoresen, Siri & Blix, Ines (2021). No buffer effect of perceived social support for people exposed to violence during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional community study. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. ISSN 2000-8066. 12(1), p. 1–11. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2021.1990551.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Blix, Ines; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2021). Trusting others during a pandemic: Investigating potential changes in generalized trust and Its relationship with pandemic-related experiences and worry. Frontiers in Psychology. ISSN 1664-1078. 12:698519, p. 1–9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.698519.
  • Askeland, Ingunn Rangul; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Lømo, Bente & Tjersland, Odd Arne (2021). Changes in Violence and Clinical Distress Among Men in Individual Psychotherapy for Violence Against Their Female Partner: An Explorative Study. Frontiers in Psychology. ISSN 1664-1078. 12. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.710294.
  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Thoresen, Siri (2021). Worry and mental health in the Covid-19 pandemic: vulnerability factors in the general Norwegian population. BMC Public Health. ISSN 1471-2458. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-10927-1.
  • Fosse, Roar; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines; Strand, Monica; Møller, Paul & Thoresen, Siri (2020). Covid-19: Reaksjoner hos brukere av behandlings­tilbud for psykiske vansker og rusproblemer. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. ISSN 0332-6470. 57(11), p. 804–815.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines & Thoresen, Siri (2020). Trauma in the third decade: Ruminative coping, social relationships and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Affective Disorders. ISSN 0165-0327. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.09.095.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Holt, Tonje; Ormhaug, Silje Mørup & Jensen, Tine K. (2020). Perceived social support and posttraumatic stress symptoms in children and youth in therapy: A parallel process latent growth curve model. Behaviour Research and Therapy. ISSN 0005-7967. 132. doi: 10.1016/j.brat.2020.103655. Full text in Research Archive
  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Thoresen, Siri (2020). Vivid memories of distant trauma: Examining the characteristics of trauma memories and the relationship with the centrality of event and posttraumatic stress 26 years after trauma. Applied Cognitive Psychology. ISSN 0888-4080. doi: 10.1002/acp.3650.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Greene, Talya & Spiller, Tobias (2019). The network approach to posttraumatic stress disorder: A systematic review . European Journal of Psychotraumatology. ISSN 2000-8066. 11:1700614(1), p. 1–15. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1700614.
  • Olff, Miranda; Amstadter, Ananda B.; Armour, Cherie; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Bui, Eric & Cloitre, Marylène [Show all 14 contributors for this article] (2019). A decennial review of psychotraumatology: what did we learn and where are we going? European Journal of Psychotraumatology. ISSN 2000-8066. 10(1), p. 1–24. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2019.1672948.
  • Strøm, Ida Frugård; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Aakvaag, Helene Flood & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Trajectories of Alcohol Use and Alcohol Intoxication in Young Adults Exposed to Childhood Violence and Later Problematic Drinking Behavior. Journal of Family Violence. ISSN 0885-7482. doi: 10.1007/s10896-019-00094-8.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Strøm, Ida Frugård & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Sosiale relasjoner som konsekvens og risikofaktor. In Aakvaag, Helene Flood & Strøm, Ida Frugård (Ed.), Vold i oppveksten: Varige spor? En longitudinell undersøkelse av reviktimisering, helse, rus og sosiale relasjoner hos unge utsatt for vold i barndommen . Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress. ISSN 978-82-8122-142-0. p. 111–131.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Myhre, Mia Cathrine & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Am I an island? A network analysis exploring aspects of social landscapes after childhood violence. Psychological Trauma. ISSN 1942-9681. doi: 10.1037/tra0000483.
  • Jensen, Tine Kristin; Skar, Ane-Marthe Solheim; Andersson, Elin Sofia & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2019). Long-term mental health in unaccompanied refugee minors: Pre- and post-flight predictors. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. ISSN 1018-8827. doi: 10.1007/s00787-019-01340-6. Full text in Research Archive
  • Thoresen, Siri; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Arnberg, Filip K.; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Blix, Ines (2019). Long-term mental health and social support in victims of disaster: comparison with a general population sample. BJPsych Open. ISSN 2056-4724. 5(1). doi: 10.1192/bjo.2018.74.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Blix, Ines (2018). Loss of trust may never heal. Institutional trust in disaster victims in a long-term perspective: Associations with social support and mental health. Frontiers in Psychology. ISSN 1664-1078. 9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01204.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2018). Loneliness as a mediator of the relationship between shame and health problems in young people exposed to childhood violence. Social Science and Medicine. ISSN 0277-9536. 211, p. 183–189. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2018.06.002.
  • Blix, Ines; Kanten, Alf Børre; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Thoresen, Siri (2018). Imagining What Could Have Happened: Types and Vividness of Counterfactual Thoughts and the Relationship With Post-traumatic Stress Reactions. Frontiers in Psychology. ISSN 1664-1078. 9. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.00515. Full text in Research Archive
  • Strøm, Ida Frugård; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Felix, Erika & Thoresen, Siri (2018). The mediating role of shame in the relationship between childhood bullying victimization and adult psychosocial adjustment. [El papel mediador de la verguenza en la relacion entre la victimizacion por acoso en la infancia y el ajuste psicosocial de los adultos]. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. ISSN 2000-8066. 9(1). doi: 10.1080/20008198.2017.1418570.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines; Solberg, Øivind & Heir, Trond (2017). Gender Differences in Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms after a Terrorist Attack: A Network Approach. Frontiers in Psychology. ISSN 1664-1078. 8. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02091.
  • Hansen, Marianne; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nissen, Alexander; Blix, Ines; Solberg, Øivind & Heir, Trond (2017). Prevalence and course of symptom-defined PTSD in individuals directly or indirectly exposed to terror: A longitudinal study. Psychiatry. ISSN 0033-2747. 80(2), p. 171–183. doi: 10.1080/00332747.2016.1230983.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Heir, Trond (2017). Making connections: exploring the centrality of posttraumatic stress symptoms and covariates after a terrorist attack. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. ISSN 2000-8066. doi: 10.1080/20008198.2017.1333387.
  • Valla, Lisbeth; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Hofoss, Dag & Slinning, Kari (2017). Developmental pathways in infants from 4 to 24 months. Child: Care, Health and Development. ISSN 0305-1862. 43(4), p. 546–555. doi: 10.1111/cch.12467.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Hansen, Marianne; Knardahl, Stein & Heir, Trond (2017). Like a bridge over troubled water? A longitudinal study of general social support, colleague support, and leader support as recovery factors after a traumatic event. European Journal of Psychotraumatology. ISSN 2000-8066. 8(1). doi: 10.1080/20008198.2017.1302692. Full text in Research Archive
  • Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Hansen, Marianne; Knardahl, Stein & Heir, Trond (2017). Victimization from workplace bullying after a traumatic event: time-lagged relationships with symptoms of posttraumatic stress. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. ISSN 0340-0131. 90(5), p. 411–421. doi: 10.1007/s00420-017-1204-4.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Hansen, Marianne; Blix, Ines; Solberg, Øivind & Heir, Trond (2017). For Whom Does Time Heal Wounds? Individual Differences in Stability and Change in Posttraumatic Stress after the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Journal of Traumatic Stress. ISSN 0894-9867. 30(1), p. 19–26. doi: 10.1002/jts.22158.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Hansen, Marianne; Knardahl, Stein & Heir, Trond (2017). The impact of a workplace terrorist attack on employees' perceptions of leadership: A longitudinal study from pre- to postdisaster. Leadership Quarterly. ISSN 1048-9843. 28(5), p. 659–671. doi: 10.1016/j.leaqua.2017.01.002.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines; Solberg, Øivind & Heir, Trond (2017). Does optimism act as a buffer against posttraumatic stress over time? A longitudinal study of the protective role of optimism after the 2011 Oslo bombing. Psychological Trauma. ISSN 1942-9681. 9(2), p. 207–213. doi: 10.1037/tra0000188.
  • Valla, Lisbeth; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Smith, Lars; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Slinning, Kari (2016). Association between maternal postnatal depressive symptoms and infants' communication skills: A longitudinal study. Infant Behavior and Development. ISSN 0163-6383. 45, p. 83–90. doi: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2016.10.001.
  • Blix, Ines; Kanten, Alf Børre; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Solberg, Øivind; Nissen, Alexander & Heir, Trond (2016). Thinking About What Might Have Happened: Counterfactual Thinking and Post-traumatic Stress in Individuals Directly and Indirectly Exposed to the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Applied Cognitive Psychology. ISSN 0888-4080. 30(6), p. 983–991. doi: 10.1002/acp.3289.
  • Solberg, Øivind; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines; Hansen, Marianne & Heir, Trond (2016). Towards an exposure-dependent model of Posttraumatic stress: Longitudinal Course of Posttraumatic stress Symptomatology and Functional Impairment after the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Psychological Medicine. ISSN 0033-2917. 46(15), p. 3241–3254. doi: 10.1017/S0033291716001860.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Knatten, Charlotte Kristensen; Hansen, Marianne; Hem, Camilla & Heir, Trond (2016). Long-term relationships between perceived social support and posttraumatic stress after the 2011 Oslo bombing: A three-year longitudinal study. Journal of Affective Disorders. ISSN 0165-0327. 202, p. 230–235. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.05.037.
  • Holsen, Ingrid & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2016). Course, predictors, and outcomes of depressed mood in a cohort of Norwegian adolescents followed from age 13 into adulthood age 30. Emerging Adulthood. ISSN 2167-6968. 5(1), p. 3–15. doi: 10.1177/2167696816635810.
  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Solberg, Øivind; Hansen, Marianne & Heir, Trond (2016). The Launching and Ensnaring Effects of Construing a Traumatic Event as Central to One's Identity and Life Story. Applied Cognitive Psychology. ISSN 0888-4080. 30(4), p. 526–531. doi: 10.1002/acp.3224.
  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Hansen, Marianne & Heir, Trond (2016). Posttraumatic Growth—An Antecedent and Outcome of Posttraumatic Stress: Cross-Lagged Associations Among Individuals Exposed to Terrorism. Clinical Psychological Science. ISSN 2167-7026. 4(4), p. 620–628. doi: 10.1177/2167702615615866.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Knardahl, Stein & Heir, Trond (2015). Time-lagged relationships between leadership behaviors and psychological distress after a workplace terrorist attack. International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health. ISSN 0340-0131. 89(4), p. 689–697. doi: 10.1007/s00420-015-1106-2.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Knardahl, Stein & Heir, Trond (2015). Associations between work environment and psychological distress after a workplace terror attack: The importance of role expectations, predictability and leader support. PLOS ONE. ISSN 1932-6203. 10(3). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0119492.
  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Hansen, Marianne & Heir, Trond (2015). Posttraumatic Growth and Centrality of Event: A Longitudinal Study in the Aftermath of the 2011 Oslo Bombing. Psychological Trauma. ISSN 1942-9681. 7(1), p. 18–23. doi: 10.1037/tra0000006.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Hafstad, Gertrud Sofie; Blix, Ines & Heir, Trond (2015). Latent classes of posttraumatic stress and growth. Anxiety, Stress, & Coping. ISSN 1061-5806. 28(3), p. 272–286. doi: 10.1080/10615806.2014.956097.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Leversen, Ingrid & Wold, Bente (2014). Pathways to adulthood and their precursors and outcomes. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology. ISSN 0036-5564. 55(1), p. 26–32. doi: 10.1111/sjop.12087.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Breivik, Kyrre & Wold, Bente (2014). Peer acceptance protects global self-esteem from negative effects of low closeness to parents during adolescence and early adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. ISSN 0047-2891. 43(1), p. 70–80. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-9929-1. Full text in Research Archive
  • Blix, Ines; Hansen, Marianne; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nissen, Alexander Frantz William & Heir, Trond (2013). Posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress and psychological adjustment in the aftermath of the 2011 Oslo bombing attack. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes. ISSN 1477-7525. 11:160. doi: 10.1186/1477-7525-11-160.
  • Holsen, Ingrid; Jones, Diane Carlson & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2012). Body image satisfaction among Norwegian adolescents and young adults: A longitudinal study of the influence of interpersonal relationships and BMI. Body image. ISSN 1740-1445. 9(2), p. 201–208. doi: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2012.01.006.
  • Leversen, Ingrid; Danielsen, Anne Grete; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Samdal, Oddrun (2012). Basic psychological need satisfaction in leisure activities and adolescents' life satisfaction. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. ISSN 0047-2891. 41(12), p. 1588–1599. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012-9776-5. Full text in Research Archive
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Melkevik, Ole; Holsen, Ingrid & Wold, Bente (2012). Trajectories of global self-esteem development during adolescence. Journal of Adolescence. ISSN 0140-1971. 35(1), p. 43–54. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.06.006.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Torsheim, Torbjørn & Wold, Bente (2009). A longitudinal study of the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and depressed mood among adolescents. Psychology of Sport And Exercise. ISSN 1469-0292. 10(1), p. 25–34. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2008.01.005.
  • Jøraas, Eivind; Rimehaug, Tormod; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Arefjord, Kjersti (2009). E-therapy as a follow-up supplementto outpatient treatment of adolescents: a qualitative study of therapist experiences. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. ISSN 0332-6470. 46(4), p. 355–361.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Rimehaug, Tormod; Arefjord, Kjersti & Jøraas, Terje (2009). Klienters erfaringer med e-terapi som tillegg til vanlig psykoterapi. Tidsskrift for Norsk Psykologforening. ISSN 0332-6470. 46(4), p. 348–354.

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  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Thoresen, Siri (2021). Covid-19 og psykisk helse: Hvem har hatt det verst, og hvilke grupper bør vi prioritere nå? Forskersonen.no.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blestad, Camilla; Skar, Ane-Marthe Solheim; Thoresen, Siri & Jensen, Tine (2021). Brukermedvirkning i utvikling av app til bruk i behandling av PTSD.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blestad, Camilla; Skar, Ane-Marthe Solheim; Thoresen, Siri & Jensen, Tine (2021). Min hverdag: Utvikling og pilottesting av en app til bruk i behandling av posttraumatisk stresslidelse (PTSD) i BUP.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Blix, Ines; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2021). Trust and social relationships in times of the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Skar, Ane-Marthe Solheim & Jensen, Tine Kristin (2021). Do different traumatic events invoke different kinds of post-traumatic stress symptoms?
  • Thoresen, Siri; Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Andreassen, Anne Lie (2020). Cope covid-19: helse og bekymringer under pandemien.
  • Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Alcohol use in victims of childhood family violence and sexual abuse: Risk of revictimization and problematic drinking in young adulthood.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Stensland, Synne; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Dyb, Grete (2019). Trauma in social relationships. Longitudinal associations between social support and posttraumatic stress in young survivors of a terrorist attack: The Utøya Study.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Greene, Talya & Spiller, Tobias (2019). The network approach to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A systematic review.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Strøm, Ida Frugård & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Vold i oppveksten: Varige spor? Presentasjon av hovedresultater.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Strøm, Ida Frugård & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Vold i oppveksten: Varige spor? Presentasjon av hovedresultater.
  • Harpviken, Anna Naterstad; Skar, Ane-Marthe Solheim; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Ormhaug, Silje Mørup & Jensen, Tine Kristin (2019). Who reports what? A comparison of child and caregiver's reports of child trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Myhre, Mia Cathrine & Thoresen, Siri (2019). Associations between aspects of social landscapes after childhood violence. A network analysis.
  • Skar, Ane-Marthe Solheim; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Ormhaug, Silje Mørup & Jensen, Tine Kristin (2019). Does routine screening for trauma matter? A quasi-experiment of differences in diagnoses after implementation of trauma screening procedures in Norway.
  • Strøm, Ida Frugård; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Aakvaag, Helene Flood & Thoresen, Siri (2018). Trajectories of Alcohol use in Young Adults Exposed to Childhood Violence and Later Problematic Drinking Behavior.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Aakvaag, Helene Flood & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2018). Childhood violence and long-term consequences: Three lessons learned from a longitudinal study.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Arnberg, Filip K.; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Blix, Ines (2018). Loss of trust may never heal. Institutional trust in disaster victims in a long-term perspective: Associations with social support and mental health.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Aakvaag, Helene Flood; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2018). Violence-related shame, loneliness and health. An investigation of loneliness as a mediator of the relationship between shame and health problems in young people exposed to childhood violence.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Strøm, Ida Frugård; Myhre, Mia Cathrine & Thoresen, Siri (2018). Am I an island? A network analysis exploring social landscapes after childhood violence.
  • Ormhaug, Silje Mørup; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Jensen, Tine K. (2017). "I don't want to talk about it". Youth' disengagement in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT).
  • Thoresen, Siri; Blix, Ines & Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2017). Erfaringer og helse hos overlevende og etterlatte fra Scandinavian Star-katastrofen.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott & Heir, Trond (2017). Making connections: a network approach to posttraumatic stress symptoms and covariates after a terrorist attack.
  • Solberg, Øivind; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines; Hansen, Marianne & Heir, Trond (2016). The Longitudinal Course of Post Traumatic Stress Symptomatology and Functional Impairment after the 2011 Oslo Bombing .
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Nielsen, Morten Birkeland; Knardahl, Stein & Heir, Trond (2016). Arbeidsmiljø og helse etter 22. juli.
  • Blix, Ines; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Solberg, Øivind; Hansen, Marianne & Heir, Trond (2016). Centrality of event and posttraumatic stress after the 2011 Oslo bombing.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2015). For whom does time heal wounds? Individual differences in stability and change in posttraumatic stress after the 2011 Oslo bombing.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Breivik, Kyrre & Wold, Bente (2012). Associations between social relationships and development of global self-esteem.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Leversen, Ingrid & Wold, Bente (2011). Patterns of transitions to adulthood.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Melkevik, Ole; Holsen, Ingrid & Wold, Bente (2010). Trajectories of global self-esteem development during adolescence.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2009). Tilknytning og sosiale relasjoners betydning for ungdommers selvtillit. Impuls : Tidsskrift for psykologi. ISSN 0801-2911. 63(2), p. 90–99.
  • Bøe, Hans Jakob; Nordstrand, Andreas Espetvedt; Engen, Haakon Gabrielsen; Gjerstad, Christer Lunde; Bakker, Lars-Petter & Thoresen, Siri [Show all 8 contributors for this article] (2021). Afghanistanundersøkelsen 2020, Veteraners erfaringer, helse og livskvalitet etter tjeneste i Afghanistan 2001-2020. Forsvaret.
  • Thoresen, Siri; Andreassen, Anne Lie; Arnberg, Filip K.; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Blix, Ines & Hjorthol, Toril (2017). Scandinavian Star: Erfaringer og helse hos overlevende og etterlatte etter 26 år. Nasjonalt kunnskapssenter om vold og traumatisk stress. ISSN 978-82-8122-121-5.
  • Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott (2013). Development of global self-esteem. University of Bergen. ISSN 978-82-308-2310-1.
  • Samdal, Oddrun; Bye, Hege Høivik; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Diseth, Åge & Fismen, Anne-Siri [Show all 9 contributors for this article] (2012). Sosial ulikhet i helse og læring blant barn og unge: Resultater fra den landsrepresentative spørreskjemaundersøkelsen ”Helsevaner blant skoleleelver. En WHO-undersøkelse i flere land”. HEMIL-senteret, Universitet i Bergen.

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Published Sep. 21, 2020 2:12 PM - Last modified Mar. 1, 2021 7:44 AM