Depression and anxiety
Rumination and worry
How mood affects attention and vica versa
Neurocognitive and clinical models of depression and anxiety
Metacognitive theory and therapy
I'm examining why many formerly depressed experience a relapse of depression. In a 12 month follow-up study, 300 - 400 formerly depressed are recruited from outpatient clinics in Oslo and examined regularly. In this period, we assess the participants’ thoughts, feelings, depressive symptoms, cortisol response, a gene variant, and we conduct a MRI scan. Participants are also carrying out a computer task which assess how they direct their attention.
Specifically, I want to understand how the interaction of depressive rumination, metacognitions, emotion regulation strategies, and attention causes depressive relapse. Additionally, I’m planning to use eye tracking to assess how participants direct their attention when they experience depressed mood/are ruminating.
We think that changes in participants’ thoughts and feelings, stress response, neurobiological function, etc. influence how attention is directed, and vica versa, and that this is causing depressive symptoms. The goal of the project is to understand depression better, so treatment can be improved and relapse prevented.
2015 - | PhD Candidate, Department of Psychology, UiO
2015 - | Psychologist, Oslo psykologklinikk
2014 - 2015 | Psychologist at Department of Psychiatry Lier, Vestre Viken
2013 - 2014 | Psychologist at Child- and adolescent psychiatric outpatient clinic Ringerike, Vestre Viken
2008 - 2012 | Educated psychologist at the Department of Psychology, UiO.
- Kraft, Brage; Jonassen, Rune; Heeren, Alexandre; Harmer, Catherine; Stiles, Tore C & Landrø, Nils Inge (2019). Attention Bias Modification in Remitted Depression Is Associated With Increased Interest and Leads to Reduced Adverse Impact of Anxiety Symptoms and Negative Cognition. Clinical Psychological Science. ISSN 2167-7026. 7(3), s 530- 544 . doi: 10.1177/2167702618822480
- Kraft, Brage; Jonassen, Rune; Ulset, Vidar; Stiles, Tore C & Landrø, Nils Inge (2018). A Prospective Test of the Metacognitive Model of Depression in Previously Depressed Individuals. Cognitive Therapy and Research. ISSN 0147-5916. . doi: 10.1007/s10608-018-9972-z
- Kraft, Brage; Jonassen, Rune; Stiles, Tore Charles & Landrø, Nils Inge (2017). Dysfunctional Metacognitive Beliefs Are Associated with Decreased Executive Control. Frontiers in Psychology. ISSN 1664-1078. 8 . doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00593 Full text in Research Archive.
- Jonassen, Rune; Hilland, Eva; Harmer, Catherine; Berge, Torkil; Maglanoc, Luigi Angelo; Kraft, Brage; Stiles, Tore Charles; Haaland Øksendal, Vegard & Landrø, Nils Inge (2016). Attention bias modification reduces symptom severity in Major Depression. Preliminary analysis from an ongoing longitudinal RCT study.