Disputas: Helge Holtermann
Master i statsvitenskap Helge Holtermann ved PRIO vil forsvare sin avhandling for graden ph.d.: Economic Development, Rebel Mobilization, and Civil War Onset.
Helge Holtermann, PRIO
Tid og sted for prøveforelesning
Fredag 7. juni 2013 kl. 10:15 - 11:00, auditorium 7, Eilert Sundts hus.
Tema for prøveforelesning: How Does the Concept of Insurgency Instruct the Study of Civil War?
- Førsteopponent: Førsteamanuensis Kristine Eck, Department of Peace and Conflict Research, University of Uppsala
- Annenopponent: Dr. Indra de Soysa, Warden of St. Thomas College, MT. Lavinia, Sri Lanka
- Professor Jon Hovi, Institutt for statsvitenskap, Universitetet i Oslo
Leder av disputas
Professor Per Kristen Mydske
- Professor Håvard Hegre, the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
- Professor Halvard Buhaug, the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
Economic Development, Rebel Mobilization, and Civil War Onset
It is well established that poorer countries are more likely to experience civil war than wealthier ones. Why is this so? This dissertation uses several approaches to explore this question: Two articles analyze cross-national data to identify important development-related variables linked to civil war onset; the first uses a cross-country design and the other a geographically disaggregated design. Further, two case studies look at the Maoist insurgency in Nepal to identify how and under what conditions these variables matter for the growth of rebellion; one analyzes the geographical spread of insurgent activity across Nepal while the other looks in depth at the insurgency processes in a single hamlet. A central finding is that poverty per se is not the main reason why poorer countries are more prone to civil war. More important factors are limited state reach and inaccessibility, which create political and military opportunity for insurgent organizations to gain strength. The dissertation also specifies limitations of this politico-military opportunity account for explaining civil war in general. Most importantly, I show that state reach and accessibility are no longer decisive factors when the rebels have considerable military capacity relative to the state.