The study of Comparative Politics focuses on political systems and political conditions in different countries. This field of study is especially concerned with activities aimed at influencing political decisions. Research in Comparative Politics is conducted by studies of individual countries – including studies of Norway – as well as comparative studies of multiple countries.
Areas of focus for Comparative Politics:
- Political behavior, political cleavages, and public opinion
- Political parties and party systems
- Development studies
Political Behavior, Cleavages and Public Opinion
This area of focus comprises studies of national and local elections in Norway and in other countries; analyses of political participation, attitudes and values in the population; how social structure, attitudes and values affect political behavior; and how social and economic processes of change affect the attitudes, values and political behavior of the voters. The role of media with regards to political opinion and political behavior is another theme within this area of focus.
Political Parties and Party Systems
In this area political parties and the relationships between the parties is studied. Processes of change associated with party organizations and party systems, and how these processes affect representation and accountability in democratic systems, are important features of research in this area. Processes of nomination, the role of political parties in national assemblies and in governments, as well as the political activities of interest groups are other essential themes.
This area is more thoroughly explained in a separate section.