Publications - Page 2

Published Sep. 22, 2014 1:24 PM

Robert Elgie, Cristina Bucur, Bernard Dolez and Annie Laurent

We examine the impact of direct presidential elections on legislative party systems. We argue that presidential power (PRESPOW) shapes the effective number of presidential candidates in a way that has a reductive effect on the legislative party system within an intermediary range of PRESPOW.

Published Sep. 22, 2014 1:14 PM

Audun Beyer, Carl Henrik Knutsen and Bjørn Erik Rasch

This article investigates whether and how changes in issue focus in election campaigns affect voting intention, even if no preference change takes place, and whether such effects vary systematically across different groups of voters. Evidence is reported from two survey experiments of Norwegian voters, where respondents were treated with information drawing their attention towards issues pertaining either to immigration or the environment.

Published Sep. 22, 2014 12:55 PM

Guillermo Rosas, Yael Shomer and Stephen R. Haptonstahl

Roll-call votes are widely employed to infer the ideological proclivities of legislators. However, many roll-call matrices are characterized by high levels of nonresponse. Under many circumstances, nonresponse cannot be assumed to be ignorable. We examine the consequences of violating the ignorability assumption that underlies current methods of roll-call analysis.

Published Sep. 22, 2014 12:45 PM

Jose Antonio Cheibub, Zachary Elkins and Tom Ginsburg

The presidential-parliamentary distinction is foundational to comparative politics and at the center of a large theoretical and empirical literature. However, an examination of constitutional texts suggests a fair degree of heterogeneity within these categories with respect to important institutional attributes.

Published Sep. 22, 2014 12:27 PM

Stephanie J. Rickard and Daniel Y. Kono

Do international treaties constrain national governments? The answer appears to be “yes” when it comes to the use of traditional barriers to trade, such as tariffs. Yet, while many governments have cut tariffs to comply With international agreements, they have often raised non-tariff barriers in their place.


Published Sep. 3, 2014 10:24 AM

The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Bjørn Høyland and Bjørn Erik Rasch have both contributed to the book.

Shane Martin, Thomas Saalfeld and Kaare W. Strøm (eds.)

Published Apr. 30, 2013 12:44 PM

Most European parliaments use the successive procedure to reach decisions. This means that a parliament votes feasible alternatives one-by-one in a pre-determined order until one of them obtains a majority of votes.

By Bjørn Erik Rasch