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Academic interests

  • International climate cooperation
  • International climate negotiations
  • Climate policies
  • Agent-based modeling
  • Behavioral Experiments

Courses taught

Lectures on international climate cooperation at NTNU, NMBU, and BI.


Håkon Sælen has a PhD in Political Science from the University of Oslo (2016). He now works as Researcher, 50% at the university and 50% at Cicero Center for Climate Research. Both places, he works on the project CICEP (Strategic Challenges in International Climate and Energy Policy.

Håkon has been employed at Cicero since 2007. He has an MSc in Environmental Change and Management from the University of Oxford and a BSc in Environmental Policy with Economics from the London School of Economics and Political Science.


  • Environment Agency and WWF Environmental Economics and Policy Masters Award 2007, 1st prize.

  • Best overall performance, MSc Environmental Change and Management 2007, University of Oxford.


Senior fellow, Käte Hamburger Kolleg / Center for Global Cooperation Research, University of Duisburg - Essen (2017)

Tags: International cooperation, International regmies, International agreements, International environmental governance, Climate change, Climate Policy, Climate Politics, Climate Agreements


  • Brazil, William; Kallbekken, Steffen; Sælen, Håkon & Carroll, James (2019). The role of fuel cost information in new car sales. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.  ISSN 1361-9209.  74, s 93- 103 . doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2019.07.022
  • Dimitrov, Radoslav; Hovi, Jon; Sprinz, Detlef F.; Sælen, Håkon & Underdal, Arild (2019). Institutional and environmental effectiveness: Will the Paris Agreement work?. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change (WIRESs).  ISSN 1757-7780.  10(4) . doi: 10.1002/wcc.583 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Sælen, Håkon; Tørstad, Vegard; Holz, Christian & Nielsen, Tobias Dan (2019). Fairness conceptions and self-determined mitigation ambition under the Paris Agreement: Is there a relationship?. Environmental Science and Policy.  ISSN 1462-9011.  101, s 245- 254 . doi: 10.1016/j.envsci.2019.08.018 Show summary
  • Helland, Leif; Hovi, Jon & Sælen, Håkon (2018). Climate Leadership by Conditional Commitments. Oxford Economic Papers.  ISSN 0030-7653.  70(2), s 417- 442 . doi: 10.1093/oep/gpx045 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Sprinz, Detlef; Sælen, Håkon; Underdal, Arild & Hovi, Jon (2018). The effectiveness of climate clubs under Donald Trump. Climate Policy.  ISSN 1469-3062.  18(7), s 828- 838 . doi: 10.1080/14693062.2017.1410090 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Cherry, Todd; McEvoy, David M. & Sælen, Håkon (2017). Conditional cooperation and cultural worldviews. Economics Letters.  ISSN 0165-1765.  158, s 51- 53 . doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2017.06.034 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Hovi, Jon; Sprinz, Detlef; Sælen, Håkon & Underdal, Arild (2017). Climate Clubs: a Gateway to Effective Climate Cooperation?. British Journal of Political Science.  ISSN 0007-1234.  49(3), s 1071- 1096 . doi: 10.1017/S0007123416000788 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Tørstad, Vegard & Sælen, Håkon (2017). Fairness in the climate negotiations: what explains variation in parties’ expressed conceptions?. Climate Policy.  ISSN 1469-3062.  18(5), s 642- 654 . doi: 10.1080/14693062.2017.1341372 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Hovi, Jon; Sprinz, Detlef; Sælen, Håkon & Underdal, Arild (2016). Climate Change Mitigation: A Role for Climate Clubs?. Palgrave Communications.  ISSN 2055-1045.  2 . doi: 10.1057/palcomms.2016.20 Show summary
  • Sprinz, Detlef; de Mesquita, Bruce Bueno; Kallbekken, Steffen; Stokman, Frans; Sælen, Håkon & Thomson, Robert (2016). Predicting paris: Multi-method approaches to forecast the outcomes of global climate negotiations. Politics and Governance.  ISSN 2183-2463.  4(3), s 172- 187 . doi: 10.17645/pag.v4i3.654 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2015). Side-payments: an effective instrument for building climate clubs?. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.  ISSN 1567-9764.  16(6), s 909- 932 . doi: 10.1007/s10784-015-9311-8 Full text in Research Archive. Show summary
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). The effect of enforcement in the presence of strong reciprocity: an application of agent-based modelling, In Todd L. Cherry; Jon Hovi & David M. McEvoy (ed.),  Toward a New Climate Agreement. Conflict, Resolution and Governance.  Routledge.  ISBN 978-0-415-64379-5.  16.  s 233 - 253
  • Kallbekken, Steffen & Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2013). ‘Nudging’ hotel guests to reduce food waste as a win-win environmental measure. Economics Letters.  ISSN 0165-1765.  119(3), s 325- 327 . doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2013.03.019 Show summary
  • Kallbekken, Steffen; Sælen, Håkon & Hermansen, Erlend Andre Tveiten (2013). Bridging the Energy Efficiency Gap: A Field Experiment on Lifetime Energy Costs and Household Appliances. Journal of Consumer Policy.  ISSN 0168-7034.  36(1), s 1- 16 Show summary
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn & Ericson, Torgeir (2013). The recreational value of different winter conditions in Oslo forests: A choice experiment. Journal of Environmental Management.  ISSN 0301-4797.  131, s 426- 434 . doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.10.006 Show summary
  • Westskog, Hege & Sælen, Håkon (2013). A multi-method evaluation of the potential for using the electricity bill to encourage energy savings in Norwegian households. Energy and Environment Research.  ISSN 1927-0569.  3(1), s 135- 149 . doi: 10.5539/eer.v3n1p135 Full text in Research Archive.
  • Sælen, Håkon; Westskog, Hege & Strumse, Einar (2012). Values, attitudes, and pro-environmental behaviours – is there a link? Results from a Norwegian survey. Economics Bulletin.  ISSN 1545-2921.  32(1), s 486- 493 Show summary
  • Kallbekken, Steffen & Sælen, Håkon (2011). Public acceptance for environmental taxes: Self-interest, environmental and distributional concerns. Energy Policy.  ISSN 0301-4215.  39(5), s 2966- 2973 . doi: 10.1016/j.enpol.2011.03.006 Show summary
  • Sælen, Håkon & Kallbekken, Steffen (2011). A choice experiment on fuel taxation and earmarking in Norway. Ecological Economics.  ISSN 0921-8009.  70(11), s 2181- 2190 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2011.06.024 Show summary
  • Aaheim, Asbjørn; Romstad, Bård & Sælen, Håkon (2010). Assessment of risks for adaptation to climate change: the case of land-slides. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.  ISSN 1381-2386.  15(7), s 763- 778 . doi: 10.1007/s11027-010-9234-1 Show summary
  • Mechler, Reinhard; Hochrainer, Stefan; Aaheim, Asbjørn; Sælen, Håkon & Wreford, Anita (2010). Modelling economic impacts and adaptation to extreme events: Insights from European case studies. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change.  ISSN 1381-2386.  15(7), s 737- 762 . doi: 10.1007/s11027-010-9249-7 Show summary
  • Mechler, Reinhard; Hochrainer, Stefan; Aaheim, Hans Asbjørn; Kundzewicz, Zbigniew W.; Lugeri, Nicola; Moriondo, Marco; Sælen, Håkon & Bindi, Marco (2010). A Risk Management Approach for Assessing Adaptation to Changing Flood and Drought Risks in Europe, In Mike Hulme & Henry Neufeldt (ed.),  Making Climate Change Work for Us: European Perspectives on Adaptation and Mitigation Strategies.  Cambridge University Press.  ISBN 9780521119412.  8.  s 200 - 229

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  • Aamaas, Borgar; Lund, Marianne Tronstad; Sælen, Håkon & Aaheim, Asbjørn (2019). Assessment of carbon effects from two projects from the Rainforest Foundation Norway’s programme portfolio. CICERO Report. 04. Show summary
  • Standal, Karina; Aamodt, Solveig; Sælen, Håkon & Andrew, Robbie (2019). Indian prime minister Modi is re-elected. What now for climate policy and mitigation?. KLIMA - Et magasin om klimaforskning fra CICERO.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2019). Agent-based models of international climate cooperation.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2019). Internasjonale Klimaforhandlinger.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2019). International Climate policy.
  • Sælen, Håkon; Tørstad, Vegard & Bøyum, Live Standal (2019). Domestic drivers of international climate ambition - Which factors explain cross-country variation NDC ambition?.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2018). Parisavtalen - en triumf for klimaet eller bare for klimadiplomatiet?.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2017). Snart 2 år etter Paris-avtalen. Er vi i gang? Skjer det noe?.
  • Sælen, Håkon & Tørstad, Vegard (2017). Fairness and ambition in international climate negotiations – is there a tradeoff?.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2016). Agent-based modeling complements experiments and game theory.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2016). Parisavtalen - fra ord til handling.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2016). Parisavtalen. Hvilke føringer gir denne for by- og arealutviklingen?.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2016). Parisavtalen. Hvilke føringer gir denne for by-og arealutviklingen?.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2016). The history of international climate negotiations and the new Paris Agreement: Saving the planet or saving the process?.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2016). The theory of international climate negotiations: Why reaching an effective agreement is difficult..
  • Sælen, Håkon & Hovi, Jon (2016). When can a small number of states drive effective global cooperation on climate change?.
  • Kallbekken, Steffen & Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2015). Predicting Paris: Forecasting key outcomes from COP 21 using an expert survey.
  • Sælen, Håkon (2015). Den nye klimaavtalen..
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2015). Hva handler klimaforhandlingene egentlig om?.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2015). The Club Approach: A Gateway to Effective Climate Cooperation?.
  • van Asselt, Harro; Sælen, Håkon Grøn & Pauw, Pieter (2015). Assessment and Review under a 2015 Climate Change Agreement.. TemaNord. 530. Show summary
  • Hovi, Jon; Sælen, Håkon; Sprinz, Detlef F. & Underdal, Arild (2014). The Club Approach: A Gateway to Effective Climate Cooperation?.
  • Kallbekken, Steffen; Sælen, Håkon Grøn & Underdal, Arild (2014). Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement. TemaNord. 519.
  • Pauw, Pieter & Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). Assessing and Reviewing INDCs: ways to differentiate Methods, Scopes and processes..
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). Hva skjedde egentlig i Lima? – Siste stopp før Paris.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). Hvordan gjøre effektive miljøtiltak politisk gjennomførbare.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). Internasjonale klimaforhandlinger og kvotehandel.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). International Climate Negotiations: In practice and theory.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). Norge i klimaforhandlingene: Profet i oljehyre?.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn; Hovi, Jon; Sprinz, Detlef Friedrich & Underdal, Arild (2014). Climate Mitigation Clubs: An agent-based model.
  • Underdal, Arild & Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2014). Escaping ‘the law of the least ambitious program’: Options for including equity in guidelines and assessments of contributions.
  • Underdal, Arild; Sælen, Håkon Grøn & Kallbekken, Steffen (2014). Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement.
  • van Asselt, Harro; Sælen, Håkon Grøn & Pauw, Pieter (2014). From Lima to Paris, and Beyond: Options for Ex Ante Assessment of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions under the UNFCCC. Nordiske arbeidspapierer (Nordic Working Papers). 928.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2013). Hvorfor er en effektiv global klimaavtale usannsynlig? Er det likevel håp for internasjonal samhandling?.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn (2012). Agent-based modeling of participation, compliance and enforcement.
  • Sælen, Håkon Grøn & Westskog, Hege (2012). A multi-method evaluation of the potential for using the electricity bill to encourage energy savings in Norwegian households.
  • Ericson, Torgeir; Sælen, Håkon & Westskog, Hege (2011). Informasjon rettet mot energisparing og strømprodukt – hvordan påvirker det strømkunder?.
  • Sælen, Håkon & Westskog, Hege (2011). Informasjon som virkemiddel i energipolitikken.

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Published Apr. 4, 2016 1:23 PM - Last modified May 22, 2018 9:57 AM