Social origin and the risks of disadvantage in Denmark and Norway
Stipendiat ved ISS, Øyvind Nicolay Wiborg, har sammen med Rasmus Juul Møberg, Aalborg University, Denmark, skrevet en artikkel om i hvilken grad sosial bakgrunn kan ha betydning for arbeidsledighet. Med utgangspunkt i data fra Norge og Danmark, gis det en sammenligning. Artikkelen har nylig blitt publisert i tidsskriftet, "Work, Employment and Society".
This study uses comparable Danish and Norwegian administrative registers in the period 1992 to 2003 to examine how social origin affects unemployment risks and social assistance reception over the early life course. Denmark and Norway have traditionally been viewed as similar in political, cultural and social aspects. However, labour market regulation in Denmark is more liberal than in Norway. This study therefore serves as a unique comparison of the impact of social origin under varying conditions of labour market regulation. Although the absolute probability of being disadvantaged decreases as individuals progress in age from 20 to 30 and varies between Denmark and Norway, the relative impact of social background is stable and similar. The results offer little support to theories that put a strong emphasis on inter-generational transmission through educational achievements, but rather point toward the importance of ascriptive resources. Generalised estimating equations are used to assess the repeated outcomes.
Key Words: life course • social disadvantage • social origin • social welfare assistance • unemployment
Work, Employment & Society, Vol. 24, No. 1, 105-125 (2010)