Social exclusion and inclusion of young immigrants
Senior researcher and head of the research project EUMARGINS Katrine Fangen has written an article on social exclusion and inclusion of young immigrants, which has recently been published in the Nordic Journal of Youth Research
Social exclusion is a term which was introduced in the social sciences in the early 1990s in order to extend the focus beyond poverty by focusing on the relation between the individual and the society. During later years, it has been common to speak of a new social exclusion perspective, which is better fit to analyze the more heterogeneous, multicultural and complex society (Body-Gendrot, 2002). In this article, I will focus on the social exclusion in different arenas, thus underlining the multi-dimensional aspect of social exclusion. The underlying question is: ‘What is it that contributes to social exclusion of young adult immigrants in different social settings?’ and ‘How do young adult immigrants with different backgrounds experience social exclusion in different social arenas?’ I will distinguish between educational exclusion, labour market exclusion, spatial exclusion, relational exclusion and finally, socio-political exclusion. The combination of information from macro-oriented quantitative research and its focus on structural explanations and micro-oriented qualitative research and its focus on agency together make a holistic picture of social exclusion which underlines its dynamic, complex and multi-dimensional character.
Key Words: social exclusion • social inclusion • immigrants • racism • labour market • education • neighbourhoods • immigration policy
Young, Vol. 18, No. 2, 133-156 (2010)