Jonas Minet Kinge (FHI): The impact of primary health care on infant health
Får spedbarn bedre helse når legedekningen er god? Jonas Minet Kinge (FHI) og Jostein Grytten (UiO) har undersøkt dette gjennom et naturlig eksperiment.
Jonas Minet Kinge. Foto:UiO
In Norway, from 1992 and onwards, primary care physicians who decided to work in selected remote municipalities got a reduction in their student loan of 10 per cent per year. The aim of the incentive, which was introduced by the government, was to increase the number of primary care physicians in remote areas. This incentive was applicable for municipalities in which the supply of physicians had been insufficient for a long period of time and where the turnover rate of physicians was high - altogether 20 municipalities.
We compare infant health in treated and untreated (control) municipalities using difference-in-difference designs. Preliminary analysis suggests that incentive was effective. After a few years, the density of primary care physicians in these 20 municipalities was markedly higher than in the rest of the country. The increased GP density decreased fetal death. Furthermore, an increased GP density increased birth weight. We found no significant effects on infant mortality.
Seminaret er av interesse for forskere og studenter som er opptatt av demografi, oppvektsvilkår og helse, kvasieksperimentelle metoder - og legers forhold til Lånekassa.