Bo Malmberg (Stockholms universitet): Does Income Based Sorting Modify Patterns of Ethnic Segregation? Re-Evaluating Schelling Outcomes in Neighborhoods in Sweden
Bo Malmberg (Stockholms universitet) besøker AKS-seminaret. Han presenterer et arbeid om sammenhengen mellom økonomiske og etniske dimensjoner av boligsegregasjon i Sverige. Arbeidet er et samarbeid med William A. V. Clark (University of California, Los Angeles).
The majority of segregation studies focus on ethnic concentration but there is growing recognition that ethnic concentrations are complexly related to economic segregation. The large scale foreign born flows into Swedish cities have created migrant (ethnic) concentrations which are also areas of concentrated poverty. However, seemingly in contrast with intersections of poverty and ethnicity in US cities, we suggest that individuals with low income, irrespective of ethnic status (including Swedish born), are strongly sorted into these neighborhoods. We show that economic status is a central factor in migrant concentration, and that ethnic concentration is a by-product of economic segregation. Residential sorting by income in large cities in Sweden is a factor in ethnic concentration but for non-migrant populations as well. While this finding does not negate the general finding that ethnic preferences create ethnic clustering, non-immigrant choices play important roles in making ethnic segregation less severe, but can, at the same time, lead to increasing socio-economic segregation.
Keywords: Income, segregation, Schelling models, immigrants, foreign-born