Do terrorist attacks affect ethnic discrimination in the labour market?
Terrorist attacks are known to influence public opinion, but do they also change behaviour? Gunn Elisabeth Birkelund,Tak Wing Chan, Elisabeth Ugreninov, Arnﬁnn H. Midtbøen and Jon Rogstad address this question by comparing the results of two identical randomized ﬁeld experiments on ethnic discrimination in hiring.
Terrorist attacks are known to inﬂuence public opinion. But do they also change behaviour? We address this question by comparing the results of two identical randomized ﬁeld experiments on ethnic discrimination in hiring that we conducted in Oslo.
The ﬁrst experiment was conducted before the 2011 terrorist attacks in Norway; the second experiment was conducted after the attacks. In both experiments, applicants with a typical Pakistani name were signiﬁcantly less likely to get a job interview compared to those with a typical Norwegian name. But the ethnic gap in call-back rates were very similar in the two experiments.
Thus, Pakistanis in Norway still experienced the same level of discrimination, despite claims that Norwegians have become more positive about migrants after the far-right, anti-migrant terrorist attacks of 2011.