Torbjørn Gundersen

Postdoctoral Fellow - Sosiologi og samfunnsgeografi
Image of Torbjørn Gundersen
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Visiting address Moltke Moes vei 31 Harriet Holters hus 0851 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1096 Blindern 0317 Oslo

Academic interests

Gundersen's main academic interest concerns the proper role of science in democratic society and trust in scientific experts. He is also interested in empirical studies of science, climate science in particular. Gundersen's other main interest is the ethics of applied artificial intelligence and he is engaged in a research project at Oslo Metropolitan University about machine learning, professional accountability, and human values.

He is currently part of the project PERITIA • Policy, Expertise and Trust ( and will contribute to Work Package 3 about trust and science advice mechanisms.


Gundersen has a PhD from Oslo Metropolitan University with a philosophy of science monograph about the proper role of scientific expertise in public policymaking, focusing on the case of climate science. He has also been a visiting scholar at the Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, LSE and at ARENA Centre for European Studies, UiO. 

Gundersen is also a fellow at the Centre for Advanced Study (CAS) at The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters as a part of the project What is a Good Policy? Political Morality, Feasibility, and Democracy (GOODPOL)



Tags: Expertise, artificial intelligence, Climate Science


  • Bærøe, Kristine; Gundersen, Torbjørn; Henden, Edmund & Rommetveit, Kjetil (2022). Can medical algorithms be fair? Three ethical quandaries and one dilemma. BMJ Health & Care Informatics. 29(1), p. 1–6. doi: 10.1136/bmjhci-2021-100445.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn; Alinejad, Donya; Branch-Smith, Teresa; van Dijck, José; Duffy, Bobby & Hewlett, Kirstie [Show all 11 contributors for this article] (2022). A New Dark Age? Truth, Trust, and Environmental Science. Annual Review Environment and Resources. ISSN 1543-5938.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn & Holst, Cathrine (2022). Trusted, but not trustworthy? Science advice in an environment of trust. Social Epistemology. ISSN 0269-1728.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2021). Values in expert reasoning: A pragmatic approach. In Eriksen, Erik Oddvar (Eds.), The Accountability of Expertise: Making the Un-Elected Safe for Democracy. Routledge. ISSN 9781003175490. p. 155–172. doi: 10.4324/9781003175490.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2020). Value-Free yet Policy-Relevant? The Normative Views of Climate Scientists and Their Bearing on Philosophy . Perspectives on Science. ISSN 1063-6145. 28(1), p. 89–118. doi: 10.1162/posc_a_00334. Full text in Research Archive
  • Bærøe, Kristine & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2019). Social impact under severe uncertainty: The role of neuroethicists at the intersection of neuroscience, AI, ethics, and policy-making . AJOB Neuroscience. ISSN 2150-7740. 10(3), p. 117–119. doi: 10.1080/21507740.2019.1632965.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Scientists as experts: A distinct role? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. ISSN 0039-3681. 69, p. 52–59. doi: 10.1016/j.shpsa.2018.02.006. Full text in Research Archive

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  • Mlonyeni, Philip Maxwell Thingbø & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2021). Norway: How ethics is taught.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2021). Kommentar til Åsa Wikforss.
  • Bærøe, Kristine & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2021). Translational Ethics: Justified Roles of Bioethicists Within and Beyond Lifecycles of Artificial Intelligence Systems in Health...
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn & Smeby, Jens-Christian (2020). profesjon. Store Norske Leksikon (Nettutgaven).
  • Holst, Cathrine & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2020). Trustworthy science advice mechanisms.
  • Bærøe, Kristine & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2020). Regjeringens strategi for kunstig intelligens svikter på vesentlige punkter. Aftenposten (morgenutg. : trykt utg.). ISSN 0804-3116.
  • Jenssen, Dag & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2019). Stor sjanse for at verdiene blir med på lasset. Intervju med Torbjørn Gundersen. [Business/trade/industry journal]. Dyade.
  • Frøjd, Elise Koppang & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Bør klimaeksperter flagge egne meninger? [Internet].
  • Osland, Oddgeir; Mausethagen, Sølvi; Gundersen, Torbjørn & Larsen, Lars Erik (2018). Lærernes etiske råd bør videreføres – dette bør gjøres bedre.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Hva er profesjonsetikk? Rådets funksjon og rolle.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Kunnskapsbasert politikkutforming – en samtale med Cass Sunstein. Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. ISSN 0800-336X. 35, p. 301–305. doi: 10.18261.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Ekspertens verdier – bør de få plass? [Internet].
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Bør klimaeksperter flagge egne meninger? [Internet].
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2016). Scientists as experts in policymaking – a separable role?
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2016). Forskeres rolle som eksperter.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2015). Klimaeksperters selvforståelse.
  • Tellmann, Silje Maria & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2015). Skjulte strateger eller overbeviste fagpersoner? Replikk til Martiniussen. Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. ISSN 0800-336X. p. 96–97.
  • Tellmann, Silje Maria & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2015). Om ekspertrollen i offentlige utvalg.
  • Tellmann, Silje Maria & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2014). Klima - ekspertenes ansvar? Nytt Norsk Tidsskrift. ISSN 0800-336X. p. 189–195.
  • Osland, Oddgeir & Gundersen, Torbjørn (2013). Dannelse i praksis - om forholdet mellom akademisk dannelse og profesjonsdannelse.
  • Mausethagen, Sølvi; Gundersen, Torbjørn; Larsen, Lars Erik & Osland, Oddgeir (2018). Evaluering av lærerprofesjonens etiske råd. OsloMet - storbyuniversitetet.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). Values and the role of scientists in policymaking. OsloMet – Oslo Metropolitan University. ISSN 978-82-8364-120-2.
  • Gundersen, Torbjørn (2018). How Climate Scientists View the Expert Role: Value-freedom, Responsibility, and Relevance. ARENA Centre for Europan Studies Oslo. 2018(2).

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Published Sep. 4, 2020 3:43 PM - Last modified Dec. 11, 2020 9:27 AM