Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 2001
The Impact of Formal and Informal Political Institutions and Globalization on Policy Performance in OECD Countries
Main discipline: Political science
Lecturer: Dr. Markus M.L. Crepaz,
University of Georgia, Athens, USA
Dates: 30. July - 3. August 2001
The purpose of this course is to examine the impact of informal political institutions (corporatist arrangements) and formal institutions (constitutional elements of institutions such as the electoral system, the nature of executive/legislative relations, federalism, bicameralism, etc) on policy outcomes such as macro-economic performance, strikes, income inequality, welfare effort, etc. In addition, the effects of "globalization" on these very same policy outcomes will be studied in conjunction with institutional features mentioned before.
The theoretical approach employed in this study program will be "neo-institutionalism" on the one hand, but there will also be strong emphasis on the concept of "globalization" which might be described as a "structural" approach. Both of these approaches to comparative politics currently enjoy tremendous popularity; still, we will also study other dynamics, such as the "politics does matter hypothesis", i.e. the degree to which partisan coloration affects crucial outcomes such as the ones mentioned above.
Monday: A basic outline of the origins of corporatism and the effect of external forces on the formation of domestic political institutions.
Lecture 1: This section will provide a brief history of corporatism.
- Phillippe Schmitter, "Still the Century of Corporatism"? Review of Politics (1974), pp. 85-131.
- Gerhard Lehmbruch, "Consociational Democracy, Class Conflict, and the New Corporatism", in: Trends towards Corporatist Intermediation. ed. Schmitter Phillippe and Gerhard Lehmbruch, 53-75.
- Cameron, David (1984). "Social Democracy, Corporatism, Labour Quiescence, and the Representation of Economic Interest in Advanced Capitalist Society". in: John H. Goldthorpe, (ed.), Order and Conflict in Contemporary Capitalism. pp. 143-178. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Lecture 2: The external determinants of domestic political institutions.
- David Cameron, "The Expansion of the Public Economy: A Comparative Analysis", American Political Science Review, 72: 1243-1261
- Almond, Gabriel. (1989). "The International-National Connection". British Journal of Political Science, 19:239-59.
- Gourevitch, Peter (1978). "The Second Image Reversed: The International Sources of Domestic Politics". International Organization, 32:881-912.
- Katzenstein, Peter (1983). "The small European States in the International Economy: Economic Dependence and Corporatist Policies". In: The Antinomies of interdependence. National Welfare and the International Divison of Labour. John Gerard Ruggie (ed.). Columbia University Press, New York.
Tuesday: Electoral engineering - constitutional choices for new democracies.
Lecture 3: Constitutional choices.
- Larry Diamond, "Three Paradoxes of Democracy". In. L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 111-123). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Juan Linz, "The Virtues of Parliamentarism", In. L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 154-161). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Lijphart, Arend. (1993). Constitutional Choices for New Democracies. In. L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 146-158). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lecture 4: A critique of electoral engineering.
- Horowitz Donald, (1993) "Comparing Democratic Systems" In. L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 143-149). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Seymour Martin Lipset, (1993) "Comparing Democratic Systems" In L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 150-153). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Quade, Q. L. (1993). Constitutional Choices for New Democracies. In L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 165-170). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Lardayret, G. (1993). Constitutional Choices for New Democracies. In L. Diamond & M.F. Plattner (eds.) The global resurgence of Democracy (pp. 159-164). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Wednesday: The institutional determinants of political outcomes.
Lecture 5: The configuration of political institutions and their effects.
- Evelyne Huber, Charles Ragin and , John D. Stephens. (1993) "Social Demoracy, Christian Democracy, Constitutional Structure, and the Welfare State". American Journal of Sociology. 99, 711-749.
- George Tsebelis, (1995) "Decision Making in Political Systems: Veto Players in Presidentialism, Parliamentarism, Multicameralism and Multipartyism". British Journal of Political Science. 25, 289-325.
Lecture 6: Institutions as "veto points": enabling and inhibiting institutions.
- Robert E. Goodin, "Institutionalizing the Public Interest: The Defense of Deadlock and Beyond". American Political Science Review. 90 (1996), 331-343, p. 331.
- Mark Hallerberg and Scott Basinger, (1998) "Internationalization and Changes in Tax Policy in OECD Countries. The Importance of Domestic Veto Players", Comparative Political Studies, 31, 321-352.
Thursday: Globalization - what is it, how new is it, and how much is there of it?
Lecture 7: Towards neo-liberal convergence?
- Susan Strange, (1995) "The Limits of Politics". Government and Opposition. 291-311;
- Vincent Cable, (1995) The Diminished Nation State: A Study in the Loss of Economic Power. Deadalus. 124, 23-54
- Philip. G. Cerny, 1995.Globalization and the changing logic of collective action. International Organization. 49 (1995) 595-625
Lecture 8: A critique of the globalization thesis.
- Claude Ake, "Dangerous liaisons: the interface of globalization and democracy", in: Axel Hadenius, ed. Democracy's Victory and Crisis. (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1997), p. 285.
- Markus M.L. Crepaz and Vicki Birchfield, "Global Economics, Local Politics: Lijphart's Theory of Consensus Democracy and the Politics of Inclusion", (197-224) in: Markus M.L. Crepaz, Thomas A. Koelble, and David Wilsford, eds. Democracy and Institutions. The Life Work of Arend Lijphart. (Ann Arbor. University of Michigan Press. 2000).
- Stephen Krasner, (1999) "Globalization and Sovereignty", in: David A. Smith, Dorothy J. Solinger, and Steven C. Topik (eds). States and Sovereignty in the Global Economy, (London, Routledge) p. 40.
Friday: The policy consequences of globalization and the variation in domestic political institutions.
Lecture 9: Globalization and its effects on policy outcomes.
- Crepaz, Markus M.L. (forthcoming). "The impact of veto players, parties, and globalization on the redistributive capacity of the state: A panel study of 15 OECD countries".
- Duane Swank, "Funding the Welfare State: Globalization and the Taxation of Business in Advanced Market Economies", Political Studies, 46 (1998), 671-692.
- Hicks and Swank (1992). "Politics, Institutions, and Welfare Spending in Industrialized Democracies, 1960 - 1982." American Political Science Review, vol. 86, pp. 658-674.
- Ronald Rogowski, (1987) "Trade and the Variety of Democratic Institutions". International Organization. 41, 203-215.
Lecture 10: Corporatism and Democracy: an uneasy balance.
- Markus M.L. Crepaz, "Austrian Corporatism in the Post-Industrial Age", in: West European Politics, 18:64-88.
Dr. Markus M.L. Crepaz is an Austrian national, and he began his graduate studies of political science at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD); after studying political science for four years at the University of Salzburg, in Austria. He recieved his Ph.D. UCSD in 1992. For two years, he was a visiting assistant professor at the University of Miami, Florida, and since 1993 he has been a faculty member at The University of Georgia. His research focus is comparative politics, particularly comparative political economy and institutions, West European Politics, research methods, and social theory.
My teaching of comparative politics includes the comparative politics of advanced industrial democracies, introduction to comparative politics and political development, advanced comparative methods, research design, and "constitutional engineering". Among his recent publications are Democracy and Institutions - The Life Work of Arend Lijphart. University of Michigan Press. (in press), edited with Koelble, T., & Wilsford, D., and "Inclusion vs. Exclusion: Political Institutions and the Welfare State" in Comparative Politics (1998).