Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 1999

State and Development

Main Discipline: Political Science
Lecturer: Professor Atul Kohli
Institution: Princeton University, USA
Dates: 9th - 13th August 1999

This course will provide a graduate level introduction to the theoretical and empirical literature on the broad theme of state and development. The term "development" will be understood both in its political and economic senses. The course will thus discuss both patterns of state formation in the developing world and the variety of state roles in facilitating economic development, especially economic growth. The first part of the course will present three major patterns of state formation in the developing world: trough revolutions, through nationalist movements, and through a variety of "false starts" that led to failed states.

The second part will focus in this part on a variety of patterns of state intervention that are associated with "success" and "failure" in economic development. The main examples of patterns of state intervention that are associated with high levels of economic growth will be South Korea and Brazil, while African materials will be used in the study of the failure cases. India will be presented as a middle case. The third part of the course will discuss prospects for working democracies in the developing world, focusing particularly on the challenge of reconciling democracy, economic growth and redistributive justice.

Basic readings

The lecturer
Atul Kohli is Professor of Politics and International Affairs at the Princeton University. His principal research and teaching interests are in the areas of comparative political economy, with a focus on developing countries. His published research on development in India and comparative development issues includes articles in World Politics (and he is now one of the editors of this journal), Comparative Politics and World Development.

He is the author of two books, The State and Poverty in India: The Politics of Reform (Cambridge 1987) and Democracy and Discontent; India`s Growing Crisis of Governability (Cambridge 1990); and the editor of The State and Development in the Third World (Princeton 1986); India`s Democracy: An analysis of Changing State-Society Relations (Princeton 1988), State Power and Social Forces: Domination and Transformation in the Third World (Cambridge 1994); and Community Conflicts and the State of India. His current research is on the politics of late industrialisation in such countries as South Korea, Brazil, India and Nigeria.