Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 1999

Migration in Europe

Main Discipline: Human Geography, Sociology, Economics
Lecturers: Professor A.J. Fielding and Dr. Adrian Favell
Institution: University of Sussex at Brighton, UK
Dates: 9th - 13th August 1999

Migration has transformed the lives of millions of people in the period since 1950, and helped to produce major changes in European societies. In the course, we study the many types of migration, what kinds of people have migrated and the causes and consequences of their migration.

The course presents four main forms of international migration in Europe since 1950. First, the massive flow of migrant workers (often followed by their families) from the European periphery to the core countries of North West Europe. Second, the return migration of a significant proportions of these migrant workers and their families. Third, the sizeable earlier movements of people from colonial and former colonial territories into France, the Netherlands and Britain, plus more recently asylum seekers, notably to Germany and Sweden. Fourth, the less visible, but increasingly important, international migration of professional, technical and managerial personnel. Of these migrations, we will focus in detail on the settlement and integration of non-European migrants in Western Europe, in particular, looking at settlement patterns of inclusion and exclusion in major cities.

In addition, a number of controversial issues will be raised, such as explaining the 'root causes' of migration; whether Western European countries are already, or are on the way to becoming successful multicultural societies; and the question of what a progressive national or European Union immigration policy might look like.

Basic reading

The lecturers
A.J.Fielding is professor of geography at the University of Sussex at Brighton, UK. His main recent research interests have been in migration and regional development in Europe and Japan, the geopolitics of international migration, and the relationships between social and spatial mobility. He is author of Migration and the Metropolis (Pergamon 1993) and the editor of (with Tony Champion) Contemporary Migration Research: Progress and Prospects (Belhaven 1992) and (with Hans Blotevogel) People, Jobs and Mobility in the New Europe (Wiley 1997).

A.C.Favell is lecturer in migration studies at the University of Sussex at Brighton, UK. His work has focused on immigration and citizenship in France and Britain, and EU immigration policy. He is also interested in the study of migrants in cities, transnational communities and the political mobilisation and representation of migrants and minorities. He is author of Philosophies of Integration: Immigration and the Idea of Citizenship in France and Britain (Macmillan 1998) and recently guest edited a special edition of the Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies on 'European Union: Immigration, Asylum and Citizenship'.