Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 1996
Comparative Urban Research Focusing on Eastern Europe and 'East-West' Comparisons
Main discipline: Human Geography, Sociology
Lecturers: Professor Chris Pickvance and Dr. Katy Pickvance
Institution: University of Kent, UK
Dates: 29 July - 2 August, 1996
Comparative research in urban studies has been a major development in the last decade. It has partly concentrated on differences among western societies, and partly on differences between and among western and eastern societies. There are several reasons for this growth: the exhaustion of the idea that all market economies are similar which has led to a renewed interest in institutional differences among western societies; the recognition that the socialist model existed in various degrees of 'purity' and 'reform' among state socialist societies; and the collapse of communist regimes and the development of 'post socialist' societies. The aim of the course is to introduce students to the theoretical, methodological and substantive aspects of comparative urban research with specific reference to East West comparisons and comparisons within Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
- Comparative methodology
- Urban applications of comparative methodology
- Theories of social movements
- Social movements East and West
- Housing in Eastern Europe
- Privatization of housing
- Local government in Eastern Europe
- Decentralization of local government
- Comparative urban research in practice
Lecture 1 & 2: Comparative methodology and urban applications
- M. Armer and A.D. Grimshaw (eds.), Comparative Social Research, New York: Wiley, 1973, Chapters 1, 2 and 6.
- A.J. Heidenheimer et al, Comparative Public Policy, London: Macmillan 1983. Chapters on housing and local government, planning, in UK, US, France, Sweden, Netherlands, West Germany.
- P. Marcuse, 'Determinants of housing policy in West Germany and the U.S.', in N. & S. Fainstein (eds.), Urban Policy Under Capitalism, Sage, 1983.
- E. Øyen, (ed.) Comparative Methodology, London: Sage, 1990, Chapter 3.
- C.G. Pickvance, 'Comparative urban analysis and assumptions about causality; International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 10, 1986, pp. 162 184.
- A. Przeworski and H. Teune, The Logic of Comparative Social Inquiry, Wiley, 1970, Chapters 2 4.
- C. Ragin, The Comparative Method, Berkeley: California U.P. 1987, Chapters 1 5.
- C.C. Ragin and H.S. Becker (eds.), What is a Case, Cambridge U.P., 1992, Chapter 4.
- N. Smelser, Comparative methods in the Social Sciences, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1976, Chapters 6 and 7.
- C. Tilly, Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons, New York: Russell Sage, 1984, Chapters 4, 6 8.
- M. Zelditch 'Intelligible comparisons', in I. Vallier (ed.), Comparative Methods in Sociology, Berkeley: Cal if ornia U . P., 1971.
Lecture 3 & 4: Social movements
- M. Diani and R. Eyerman: The study of collective action: Introductory remarks in M. Diani and R. Eyerman (eds.), Studying Collective Action, Sage, London, 1992.
- R. Eyerman and A. Jamison, Social Movements: A Cognitive Approach, Polity Press, Cambridge, 1991, Chapter 1.
- H. Kitschelt, "Political opportunity structures and political protest: anti nuclear movements in four democracies", British Journal of Policy Science, 16, 1986, 58 95.
- H. Kriesi et al, New social movements and political opportunities in Western Europe, European Journal of Political Research, 22, 1992, 219 244.
- J.D. McCarthy and M.N. Zald (1987), Resource mobilization and social movements: a partial theory in M.N. Zald and J.D. McCarthy (eds.), Social Movements in an Organisational Society, Collected Essays, Transaction Books, New Brunswick.
- C. Offe, New social movements: challenging the boundaries of institutional politics, Social Research, 1985, 52 (4).
- J. Pakulski, Social Movements, Cheshire, Melbourne: Longman 1991.
- D. Rucht (ed.), Research on Social Movements, Boulder: Westview/Frankfurt: Campus, 1991, pp. 47-120, 247-261, 323-347, 421-464.
- M.N. Zald and J.D. McCarthy, Social movement industries. Competition and conflict among SMOs in: M.N. Zald and J.D. McCarthy (eds.). op.cit.
Lecture 5 & 6: Housing in Eastern Europe
- D. Clapham, Privatization & the East European housing model, Urban Studies, 32, 1995, 679 694.
- J. Daniell and R. Struyk, Housing privatization in Moscow: who privatises and why? International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 18, 1994, 510-525.
- R. Forrest and A. Murie, Selling the Welfare State, Routledge, 1988, Chapters 6, 10.
- J. Hegedus and I. Tosics, Privatization and rehabilitation in the Budapest inner districts, Housing Studies, 9, 1994, 39 54.
- S. Lowe and I. Tosics, The social use of market processes in British and Hungarian housing policies, Housing Studies, 3, 1988, 159 171.
- C. Pickvance, Housing privatization and housing protest in the transition from state socialism: a comparative study of Budapest and Moscow, International Journal of Urban Regional
Research, 18, 1994, 433 450.
- C. Pickvance, Inequality and conflict in the post socialist city. To appear in O. Kalltorp et al (eds.), Cities in Transformation: Transformation in Cities, Avebury, 1996, Chapter 2, 12 15.
- . Szelenyi, Urban Inequalities under State Socialism, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983, Introduction & Chapter 2.
- B. Turner, J. Hegedus and I. Tosics (eds.), The Reform of Housing in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, London: Routledge, 1992, Chapters 11 and 12.
Lecture 7 & 8: Local government in Eastern Europe
- R.R. Bennett (ed.), Local Government in the New Europe, Belhaven, London, 1993.
- A. Coulson (ed.), Local Government in Eastern Europe: establishing democracy at the grassroolts Edward, Elgar, Lvndon, 1995, Chapters 1, 4.
- I. Elander, Between localism and centralism on the re emergence of local self government in post socialist Europe, Paper to the Conference on Democratization and Decentralization in Eastern Europe, Krakow, 1995.
- I. Elander and M. Gustafsson, 1993: the re emergence of local self government in central Europe: some notes on the first experience, European Journal of Political Research, 23, 295 322.
- C.G. Pickvance, Decentralization and democracy in Eastern Europe: a sceptical approach, Krakow Conference, 1995.
- C.G. Pickvance, Mediating institutions in the transition from state socialism: the case of local government, in D. Stark and G. Grabher (eds.), Legacies, Linkages & Localities, Oxford University Press, 1996.
- C. G. Pickvance and E. Preteceille (eds.), State restructuring and local power: a comparative perspective, Pinter, 1991.
Lecture 9 & 10: Comparative urban research in practice
- C.G. Pickvance, N. Manning & K. Pickvance, Environmental and housing movements in the USSR and Hungary: a research proposal, 1990.
- K. Láng Pickvance, N. Manning & C.G. Pickvance (eds.), Environmental & Housing Movements in Hungary, Estonia and Russia: grassroots experience, Avebury, 1996.
- C.G. Pickvance, Environmental and housing movements in cities after socialism: the cases of Budapest and Moscow. To appear in G. Andrusz et al (eds.), Cities after socialism, Oxford: Blackwell, 1996.
- C.G. Pickvance, Chapter 5 in L. Maheu (ed.), Social Movements and Social Classes, London: Sage, 1995.
- C.G. Pickvance, Where have urban movements gone? in C. Hadjimichalis & D. Sadler (eds.), Europe at the Margins: new mosaics of inequality, Wiley, 1995.
- K. Pickvance, Environmental movements in Hungary and Russia: a comparative perspective, European Sociological Review, forthcoming (1996/7).
- K. Pickvance, Political participation and non participation in Russia and Hungary. Conference paper.