Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 1996
Upper Secondary Education in East and West Europe: The Politics of Convergence?
Main discipline: Education
Lecturer: Senior Lecturer Robert Cowen
Institution: University of London, UK
Dates: 29 July - 2 August, 1996
This course is structured around the question of the degree of convergence which is visible in the socio-economic and political patterns and educational policies which are affecting upper secondary education in the new Europe. Despite the differences in the political and educational traditions of west and east Europe, are the styles of upper secondary education converging or remaining somewhat divergent? What is the nature of the educational recovery from State socialism? Is the early social science proposition of Halsey, Floud and Anderson a convergence theory which stresses that educational systems are likely to follow technological and industrialisation imperatives -relevant as a way of understanding contemporary developments in changes in patterns of upper secondary education? What, contemporaneously, is the balance between general education at the upper secondary level, and vocational-technical education? What are the theories, held by the relevant States, of the correct articulation of the market and education and schooling, especially upper secondary education? Does history (and the former political systems) make a difference; or are the North South differenoes in Europe more important in defining patterns of upper secondary education than the previous East West differences?
Thus the topics of the course are:
- to locate the political and economic changes in "Europe" in the last decade
- to identify earlier patterns, in the 1960s and 1970s, of upper secondary education
- to spesify, comparatively, contemporary theories of the current, correct, relationship of educational systems and the economy, and
- to locate against these propositions, detailed descriptions of educational policies and practices of upper secondary education in countries which will include France, Germany, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Italy, Spain, and Denmark and Sweden as well as the United Kingdom.
- Recent political changes in Europe with special reference to the State socialist systems. Europe within conceptions of the world economy.
- The elitist traditions of west European education, and communist traditions of education, with special reference to theories of the relationship of (i) general eclucation and vocational education and (ii) school and work.
- Patterns of upper secondary education in Europe, 1955-1975.
- The .Scandinavian and Southern European traditions of education: democratic theory and semi peripheral economies and politics.
- World systems analysis, and its application in education.
- Convergence theory with special reference to Halsey, Floud and Anderson. Potential strengths and deficiencies of convergence theories. World systems analysis and convergence theory compared.
- Upper secondary education in Westem ancl Northern Europe
- Upper secondary education in Eastern and Southern Europe
- Patterns of educational provision and contemporary theories of the economic and educational market.
- Convergence or divergence, patterns or chaos: rules of turbulence.
- Adamski, Wladyslaw and Grootings, Peter; Youth, Education and Work in Europe New York: Routledge, 1989. Give particular attention to Chapter One. Transition from School to Work, pp. 1 30; Chapt. 2. Social Structure and Transition, pp. 30-51 and Chapt. 6. The Transition from School to Work and the Employment System: a Comparison of Experienses in Czechoslovakia, Finland, Sweden ancl Yugoslavia, pp. 124 151.
- Halsey, A.H., Floud, J. and Anderson, C.A. (eds) Education,Economy and Society; a reader in the sociology of education, New York: Free Press of Glencoe, 1961, Introduction by Jean Floud and A. H. Halsey, pp. 1 12.
- - Husen, T., Tuijnman, A & Hall, W.D., (eds) Schooling in Modern European Society; A Report of the Academia Europaea, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1992, pp. 1 134; pp.221 247; pp.315-332. Give particular attention to Chapt. 1, The Rise of the New Europe: The Repercussions on School Systems, pp.1 30, Chapt. 8, School Leaving Examinations and the Role of the School in Preparing for Higher Education, pp. 221 248.
- Karsten, Sjoerd and Majoor, Dominique (eds) Education in Eastern Central Europe; educational changes after the fall of Communism, Waxemann Munster/New York, 1994, pp. 1 177.
European Education vol 25, No. 2, Summer 1993 'Removing the Communist Harness in Eastern Europe' pp 2-99.
- Removing the Communist Harness in Eastern Europe (Susanne M. Shafer)
- The Hungarian Education System in the Throes of Change (Marta Cutsche)
- Hungary; The Church Gets Its Schools Back (Erwin Ban)
- The Essential Aspects of Educational Reform in Poland (Brunon Bartz and Zbigniew Kullas)
- Czechoslovak Education within the Broader Social Framework (Jan Prucha and Eliska Walcherova)
- On Schools, Education, and Advancement in Czech Lands (Jiri Kotasek)
- The Transformation of East German Education A Comparison between the federal states of Berlin and Brandenburg (Jurgen Bambach)
- Secondary Education in Romania: Overall View and Research Trends (Cesar Birzea)
- Political Education of Pupils in the New Federal States (Horst Adam)
- East European Vocational Education in Upheaval (Margret Kunzmann)
Comparative Education, vol 28, No 1, 1992
- Education in the Baltic States, Ukraine, Belarus' and Russia (Janusz Tomiak) pp. 33-44.
- The Young Adult Frontier and the Perspective of Continuous Change (Edmund King) pp.71 82.
Comparative Education, vol 30, No 1, 1994
- Some Reflections on Europe and the Reforms (W.D. Halls) pp. 25-30.
- Comparative Study of Reforms in the Post-compulsory Education and Training of Young Adults (David N. Wilson) pp. 31 38.
- Change and Prospects in Education for Young Adults (Karen Evans) pp. 39-48.
- General Education and Vocational Training at the Post-compulsory Level in Europe: the end of mutual disregard? (Jean Michel Leclercq) pp. 49-54.
Comparative Education vol 31, No 1, 1995
- Core Skills, Participation and Progression in Post-compulsory Education and Training in England and France (Ardy Green) pp. 49-68.
- Further Education and Training: a comparison of policy models in Britain and Norway (Tone Skinningsrud) pp. 69 82.
Comparative Education Review vol 36, No 1, 1992
- Editorial Essay Education in a New Europe pp. 1-9.
- Toward a European Dimension; Intention and Reality in European Community Policy and Practice (Raymond Ryba) pp. 10-24.
- The Eastern European Revolution and Education in Czechoslovakia (Botho von Kopp) pp. 101-113.