Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 2016

Elites, Institutions, and Good Societies: A Comparative Perspective

Professor Lena Wängnerud
Department of Political Science
University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Main disciplines: Political Science,
Sociology

Dates: 25 - 29 July 2016
Course Credits: 10 ECTS
Limitation: 25 participants

NOTICE! This PhD course was cancelled!


Objectives
After decades of research on corruption and other aspects of government quality, it is clear that the top echelon of society is of fundamental importance. To a large extent, elite politicians, bureaucrats and businessmen hold the fortunes of their societies in their hands, not only because of their direct influence on politics, administration and economy but also since their behavior indirectly signals the norms of that society. By implication, where elites behave in a self-serving manner there is no reason to believe that the rest of the population will be any better, while if elite behavior honors and adheres to the institutional framework they may ensue positive spirals toward higher quality of government.

But how are elites dissuaded from using their privileged position to enrich themselves at the expense of society at large? The answer from research conducted so far is that this is achieved via formal and informal institutional constraints that alter incentives at the top in different ways. Most studies in this field concern how constitutional rules and other legal constraints, stronger accountability mechanisms for the political elite, economic development and openness or bureaucratic structures hamper corruption and bad government. While research has made considerable progress in these and other studies, there are several unexpected and contradictory empirical patterns that indicated that there is a need for further studies examining interactions and dynamic processes in different contexts.

This course will address five main issues:

  1. What is a “good” society?
  2. What is the role of the political versus the bureaucratic elite in shaping good societies?
  3. How can we explain variation in good societies across time and space?
  4. What is the value of political representation?
  5. Does the influx of “new” groups such as women to the political elite matter for outcomes?


Specific requirements for admission to the course
Each session will consist of a lecture of about 45 min. followed by a general discussion of about 45 min. Students are requested to take active part in the discussion and must therefore have read the assigned literature prior to each session. Specific readings for each session (from the preliminary syllabus below) will be sent out two months before course start. In total 865 pages. 


Essential reading
All participants need to obtain and read this book in advance of the course.

  • Dahlström Carld and Lena Wängnerud (eds.), Elites, institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


COURSE OUTLINE

Session one: What is a “good” society?
In this lecture we discuss minimalistic understandings of a good society and to what extent social sciences like political science are relevant for people’s everyday lives.

Readings:

  • Rothstein, Bo. 2014. “Human Well-Being and the Lost Relevance of Political Science.” European University Institute, Firenze, Badia Fiesolana. (35 p.) http://cadmus.eui.eu/bitstream/handle/1814/31262/MWP_LS_Rothstein_2014_03.pdf?sequence=1
  • Mansbridge, Jane. 2014. “What is Political Science For.” Perspectives on Politics 12(1):8-17. (9 p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9242874&fileId=S153759271300368X
  • Holmberg, Sören and Bo Rothstein. 2015. “Good Societies Need Good Leaders on a Leash.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (20 p.)


Session two: How to define and measure core concepts
In this lecture we discuss measurements based on perceptions of corruption versus measurements build on experiences of corruption. We also discuss monetary aspects versus other forms of corruption such as sexual corruption.    

Readings:

  • Agnafors, Marcus. 2013. “Quality of Government: Towards a More Complex Definition.” American Political Science Review 107:433-445. (12 p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8963080&fileId=S0003055413000191
  • Treisman, Daniel. 2007. “What Have We Learned About the Causes of Corruption from Ten Years of Cross-National Empirical Research?” Annual Review of Political Science 10:211-244. (33 p.) http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.polisci.10.081205.095418
  • Towns, Ann. 2015. “Prestige, Immunity and Diplomats: Understanding Sexual Corruption.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Bauhr, Monika and Nagmeh Nasiritousi. 2011. "Why Pay Bribes? Collective Action and Anti-Corruption Efforts." QoG Working Paper Series, no. 2011:18, December 2011 (23 p.) http://www.qog.pol.gu.se/digitalAssets/1357/1357856_2011_18_bauhr_nasiritousi.pdf


Session three: What is the role of the political versus the bureaucratic elite in shaping good societies?
Researches on good government often use the broad label “government” when they discuss and analyze the political elite. In this lecture we discuss the value of separating between the bureaucracy, responsible for implementation of politics, and elected representatives, responsible for policy-making.

Readings:

  • Dahlström, Carl and Victor Lapuente. 2015. “Democratic and Professional Accountability.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Cornell, Agnes and Marcia Grimes. 2015. “Political Control of Bureaucracies as an Incentive for Party Behavior.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (20 p.)
  • Keefer, Philip. 2015. “Political Parties and the Politics of the Quality of Government.”  In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Bågenholm, Andreas and Nicholas Charron. 2015. “Anti-Corruption Parties and Good Government.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (20 p.)
  • Rose-Ackerman, Susan. 2015.  “Are Corrupt Elites Necessary for Corrupt Countries.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (16 p.)


Session four: What is the role of civil society and “ordinary” citizens?
In this course, we focus on the role of elites such as elected representatives and government officials. However, non-governmental organizations and “ordinary” citizens certainly play a role in developments and this will be highlighted during this lecture. 

Readings:

  • Bauhr, Monika and Marcia Grimes. 2014. “Indignation or Resignation: The Implications of Transparency for Societal Accountability.” Governance 27(2): 291-320. (29 p.) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gove.12033/abstract 
  • Welzel, Christian. 2002. “Effective Democracy, Mass Culture, and the Quality of Elites: The Human Development Perspective.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 43: 317-349. (32 p.) http://cos.sagepub.com/content/43/3-5/317.short 
  • Welzel, Christian and Ronald Inglehart. 2008. “The Role of Ordinary People in Democratization.” Journal of Democracy 19(1):126-140. (14 p.) http://www.journalofdemocracy.org/role-ordinary-people-democratization
  • Stensöta, Helena, Wängnerud, Lena and Mattias Agerberg. 2015. ”Why Women in Encompassing Welfare States Punish Corrupt Political Parties.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Xezonakis, Georgios, Kosmidis, Spyros and Stefan Dahlberg. 2015. “Can Elections Combat Corruption? Accountability and Partisanship.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (20 p.)


Session five: How can we explain variation in good societies across time and space?
In this lecture we discuss historical origins of good government. We also discuss the relationship between the political sphere and economic sphere of society, for example the role of property rights.

Readings:

  • Persson, Anna and Martin Sjöstedt. 2015. “The Political and Historical Origins of Good Government: How Social Contracts Shape Elite Behavior.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (24 p.)
  • Möller, Ulrika and Isabell Schierenbeck. 2015. “Political Leadership and Quality of Government: Restraining Elites at Nascent Statehood.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Sundell, Anders. 2015. “Stability and Stagnation.”  In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Olander, Petrus. 2015. “Dynamic Economic Growth as a Constraint on Elite Behavior.”  In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Polishchuk, Leonid and Georgiy Syunyaev. 2015. “Property Rights without Democrcay: The Role of Elites´Rotation and Asset Ownership.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (20 p.)


Session six: What are the effects of regime-types and democratization?
In this lecture we discuss the J-shaped relationship between democracy and state capacity: Why are some authoritarian states doing better than democracies when it comes to producing “good societies”? 

Readings:

  • D’Arcy, Michelle. 2015. “Rulers and Their Elite Rivals: How Democratization Has Increased Incentives for Corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (18 p.)
  • Bäck, Hanna, and Axel Hadenius. 2008. “Democracy and State Capacity: Exploring a J‐Shaped Relationship.” Governance, 21: 1-24. (23 p.) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-0491.2007.00383.x/abstract
  • Charron, Nicholas, and Victor Lapuente. 2010. “Does democracy produce quality of government?” European Journal of Political Research, 49: 443-70. (27 p.) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-6765.2009.01906.x/abstract
  • Keefer, Philip. 2007. “Clientelism, Credibility, and the Policy Choices of Young Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science, 51: 804-21. (17 p.) http://www.jstor.org/stable/4620101?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents


Session seven: What is the value of political representation? 
It is true that some authoritarian states, under certain conditions, produce “better” societies than democracies. But should electoral democracy and political representation be valued on other terms?

Readings:

  • Pitkin, Hanna. 2004. “Representation and Democracy: Uneasy Alliance.” Scandinavian Political Studies 27(3):335-341. (6 p.)  http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9477.2004.00109.x/epdf
  • Murray, Rainbow. 2014. “Quotas for Men: Reframing Gender Quotas as a Means of Improving Representation for All.” American Political Science Review 108 (3): 520-532. (12p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9327359&fileId=S0003055414000239
  • Banducci, Susan, Donovan, Todd and Jeffrey Karp. 2004. “Minority Representation, Empowerment, and Participation.” Journal of Politics 66(2):534-556. (22 p.) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2508.2004.00163.x/full 
  • Urbinati, Nadia and Mark E. Warren. 2008. “The concept of representation in contemporary democratic theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 11:387-412. (25 p.) http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.polisci.11.053006.190533 


Session eight: Could lottery to political positions be a solution?
Most people would refuse the idea of lottery when it comes to elite positions in society. But why? Could lottery to political positions be a solution to problems with nepotism, clientelism etcetera? Why do we prefer to elect political leaders?

Readings:

  • Rehfeld, Andrew. 2006. “Towards a General Theory of Political Representation.” Journal of Politics 68(1):1-21. (20 p.) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1468-2508.2006.00365.x/epdf
  • Dovi, Suzanne. 2002. “Preferable Descriptive Representatives: Will Just Any Woman, Black or Latino Do?” American Political Science Review 96(4):729-743. (14 p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=133948&fileId=S0003055402000412 
  • Mansbridge, Jane. 1999. “Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent “Yes”.” Journal of Politics 61(3):628-657. (29 p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=6197100&fileId=S0022381600055420


Session nine: Does the influx of “new” groups such as women to elite positions matter for outcomes?
In this lecture we discuss whether the influx of “new” groups such as women to elite positions will matter for outcomes such as levels of corruption but also other aspects of public policy. 

Readings:

  • Wängnerud, Lena. 2009. “Women in Parliaments: Descriptive and Substantive Representation.” Annual Review of Political Science 12:51-69. (18 p.) http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev.polisci.11.053106.123839 
  • Stensöta, Helena, Wängnerud, Lena and Richard Svensson. 2014. “Gender and Corruption: The Mediating Power of Institutional Logics.” Governance 28(4):475-496. (21 p.) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gove.12120/full 
  • Wängnerud, Lena and Anders Sundell. 2012. “Do politics matter? Women in Swedish local elected assemblies 1970-201 and gender equality in outcomes.” European Political Science Review 4(1):97-120. (23 p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=8485383&fileId=S1755773911000087
  • Bratton, Kathleen and Leonard Ray. 2002. “Descriptive representation, policy outcomes, and municipal day-care coverage in Norway.” American Journal of Political Science 46(2):428-437. (9 p.) http://www.jstor.org/stable/3088386?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents
  • Sundström, Aksel and Lena Wängnerud. 2014. “Corruption as an obstacle to women’s political representation. Evidence from local councils in 18 European countries.” Party Politics, published online before print: (16 p.) http://ppq.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/09/03/1354068814549339.full.pdf+html


Session ten: The impact of legitimacy reconsidered
This course starts off with a theoretical discussion on legitimacy and coercion. This final lecture picks up the thread and discusses empirical research on the role of legitimacy in contemporary societies. 

Readings:

  • Manin, Bernard. 1987. “On legitimacy and Political Deliberation.” Political Theory, 15(3): 338-368. (30 p.) http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/191208.pdf?acceptTC=true 
  • Svallfors, Stefan. 2013. “Government quality, egalitarianism, and attitudes to taxes and social spending: a European comparison.” European Political Science Review 3:363-380 (17 p.) http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9051139&fileId=S175577391200015X 
  • Rothstein, Bo. 2013. “Corruption and Social Trust: Why the Fish Rots from the Head Down.” Social Research 80:1009-1032 (22 p.) http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/social_research/summary/v080/80.4.rothstein.html 
  • Nannestad, Peder, Svendsen, Gert T., Dinesen, Peter T., and Kim M. Sonderskov. 2014. “Do institutions or Culture Determine the Level of Social Trust? The Natural Experiment of Migration from Non-western to Western Countries.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 40:522-565. (43 p.) http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/1369183X.2013.830499 


Complete reading list

  • Agnafors, Marcus. 2013. “Quality of Government: Towards a More Complex Definition.” American Political Science Review 107:433-445.
  • Banducci, Susan, Donovan, Todd and Jeffrey Karp. 2004. “Minority Representation, Empowerment, and Participation.” Journal of Politics 66(2):534-556.
  • Bauhr, Monika and Nagmeh Nasiritousi. 2011. "Why Pay Bribes? Collective Action and Anti-Corruption Efforts." QoG Working Paper Series, no. 2011:18, December 2011.
  • Bauhr, Monika and Marcia Grimes. 2014. “Indignation or Resignation: The Implications of Transparency for Societal Accountability.” Governance 27(2): 291-320.
  • Bratton, Kathleen and Leonard Ray. 2002. “Descriptive representation, policy outcomes, and municipal day-care coverage in Norway.” American Journal of Political Science 46(2):428-437.
  • Bågenholm, Andreas and Nicholas Charron. 2015. “Anti-Corruption Parties and Good Government.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. (20 p.) 
  • Bäck, Hanna, and Axel Hadenius. 2008. “Democracy and State Capacity: Exploring a J‐Shaped Relationship.” Governance, 21: 1-24.
  • Charron, Nicholas, and Victor Lapuente. 2010. “Does democracy produce quality of government?” European Journal of Political Research, 49: 443-70.
  • Cornell, Agnes and Marcia Grimes. 2015. “Political Control of Bureaucracies as an Incentive for Party Behavior.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • D’Arcy, Michelle. 2015. “Rulers and Their Elite Rivals: How Democratization Has Increased Incentives for Corruption in Sub-Saharan Africa.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Dahlström, Carl and Victor Lapuente. 2015. “Democratic and Professional Accountability.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Dovi, Suzanne. 2002. “Preferable Descriptive Representatives: Will Just Any Woman, Black or Latino Do?” American Political Science Review 96(4):729-743.
  • Holmberg, Sören and Bo Rothstein. 2015. “Good Societies Need Good Leaders on a Leash.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 
  • Keefer, Philip. 2007. “Clientelism, Credibility, and the Policy Choices of Young Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science, 51: 804-21.
  • Keefer, Philip. 2015. “Political Parties and the Politics of the Quality of Government.”  In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Mansbridge, Jane. 1999. “Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women? A Contingent “Yes”.” Journal of Politics 61(3):628-657.  
  • Mansbridge, Jane. 2014. “What is Political Science For.” Perspectives on Politics 12(1):8-17. 
  • Möller, Ulrika and Isabell Schierenbeck. 2015. “Political Leadership and Quality of Government: Restraining Elites at Nascent Statehood.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Murray, Rainbow. 2014. “Quotas for Men: Reframing Gender Quotas as a Means of Improving Representation for All.” American Political Science Review 108 (3): 520-532.
  • Nannestad, Peder, Svendsen, Gert T., Dinesen, Peter T., and Kim M. Sonderskov. 2014. “Do institutions or Culture Determine the Level of Social Trust? The Natural Experiment of Migration from Non-western to Western Countries.” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 40:522-565.
  • Olander, Petrus. 2015. “Dynamic Economic Growth as a Constraint on Elite Behavior.”  In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Persson, Anna and Martin Sjöstedt. 2015. “The Political and Historical Origins of Good Government: How Social Contracts Shape Elite Behavior.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Pitkin, Hanna. 2004. “Representation and Democracy: Uneasy Alliance.” Scandinavian Political Studies 27(3):335-341.  
  • Polishchuk, Leonid and Georgiy Syunyaev. 2015. “Property Rights without Democrcay: The Role of Elites´Rotation and Asset Ownership.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Rehfeld, Andrew. 2006. “Towards a General Theory of Political Representation.” Journal of Politics 68(1):1-21.
  • Rose-Ackerman, Susan. 2015.  “Are Corrupt Elites Necessary for Corrupt Countries.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Rothstein, Bo. 2013. “Corruption and Social Trust: Why the Fish Rots from the Head Down.” Social Research 80:1009-1032 .
  •  Rothstein, Bo. 2014. “Human Well-Being and the Lost Relevance of Political Science.” European University Institute, Firenze, Badia Fiesolana. 
  • Stensöta, Helena, Wängnerud, Lena and Richard Svensson. 2014. Gender and Corruption: The Mediating Power of Institutional Logics. Governance 28(4):475-496.
  • Stensöta, Helena, Wängnerud, Lena and Mattias Agerberg. 2015. ”Why Women in Encompassing Welfare States Punish Corrupt Political Parties.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Sundell, Anders. 2015. “Stability and Stagnation.”  In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Sundström, Aksel and Lena Wängnerud. 2014. “Corruption as an obstacle to women’s political representation. Evidence from local councils in 18 European countries.” Party Politics, published online before print:  http://ppq.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/09/03/1354068814549339.full.pdf+html
  • Svallfors, Stefan. 2013. “Government quality, egalitarianism, and attitudes to taxes and social spending: a European comparison.” European Political Science Review 3:363-380.
  • Towns, Ann. 2015. “Prestige, Immunity and Diplomats: Understanding Sexual Corruption.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Treisman, Daniel. 2007. “What Have We Learned About the Causes of Corruption from Ten Years of Cross-National Empirical Research?” Annual Review of Political Science 10:211-244.
  • Urbinati, Nadia and Mark E. Warren. 2008. “The concept of representation in contemporary democratic theory.” Annual Review of Political Science 11:387-412.  
  • Welzel, Christian. 2002. “Effective Democracy, Mass Culture, and the Quality of Elites: The Human Development Perspective.” International Journal of Comparative Sociology 43: 317-349.
  • Welzel, Christian and Ronald Inglehart. 2008. “The Role of Ordinary People in Democratization.” Journal of Democracy 19(1):126-140.
  • Wängnerud, Lena. 2009. “Women in Parliaments: Descriptive and Substantive Representation.” Annual Review of Political Science 12:51-69.
  • Wängnerud, Lena and Anders Sundell. 2012. “Do politics matter? Women in Swedish local elected assemblies 1970-201 and gender equality in outcomes.” European Political Science Review 4(1):97-120. 
  • Xezonakis, Georgios, Kosmidis, Spyros and Stefan Dahlberg. 2015. “Can Elections Combat Corruption? Accountability and Partisanship.” In Dahlström, Carl and Lena Wängnerud ed. Elites, Institutions and the Quality of Government. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.


The lecturer
Lena Wängnerud is Professor of Political Science at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. She has published in journals such as Annual Review of Political Science, Party Politics, Governance, and Politics & Gender. She is affiliated with the Quality of Government Institute and the Multidisciplinary Opinion and Democracy Research Group at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Did you find what you were looking for?
Tags: Summer School, PhD, Political Science, Political Economy, Institutions, Sociology, Corruption, Social Trust
Published Nov. 6, 2015 12:35 PM - Last modified Aug. 15, 2016 10:11 AM