Oslo Summer School in Comparative Social Science Studies 2013

Case Study Research Methods

Lecturer: Professor Andrew Bennett,
Department of Government,
Georgetown University, USA

Main disciplines: Political Science, Sociology, Research Methods

Dates: 22 - 26 July 2013
Course Credits: 10 pts (ECTS)
Limitation: 30 participants


Objectives
The central goal of the seminar is to enable students to create and critique methodologically sophisticated case study research designs in the social sciences. To do so, the seminar will explore the techniques, uses, strengths, and limitations of case study methods, while emphasizing the relationships among these methods, alternative methods, and contemporary debates in the philosophy of science. The research examples used to illustrate methodological issues will be drawn primarily from international relations and comparative politics. The methodological content of the course is also applicable, however, to the study of history, sociology, education, business, economics, and other social and behavioral sciences.

The seminar will begin with a focus on the philosophy of science, theory construction, theory testing, causality, and causal inference. With this epistemological grounding, the seminar will then explore the core issues in case study research design, including methods of structured and focused comparisons of cases, typological theory, case selection, process tracing, and the use of counterfactual analysis. Next, the seminar will look at the epistemological assumptions, comparative strengths and weaknesses, and proper domain of case study methods and alternative methods, particularly statistical methods and formal modeling, and address ways of combining these methods in a single research project. The seminar then examines field research techniques, including archival research and interviews.

Students have the option of presenting a 3,000 word case study research design in the concluding session(s) for constructive critiques by course participants as well as the lecturer. If only a few students choose to present research designs, we will critique the research designs of published books and articles. Presumably, students will choose to present the research design for their PhD or MA thesis, though students could also present a research design for a separate project, article, or edited volume. Research designs should address all of the following tasks (elaborated upon in the George-Bennett chapters in the assigned readings below): 1) specification of the research problem and research objectives, in relation to the current stage of development and research needs of the relevant research program, related literatures, and alternative explanations; 2) specification of the independent and dependent variables of the main hypothesis of interest and alternative hypotheses; 3) selection of a historical case or cases that are appropriate in light of the first two tasks, and justification of why these cases were selected and others were not; 4) consideration of how variance in the variables can best be described for testing and/or refining existing theories; 5) specification of the data requirements, including both process tracing data and measurements of the independent and dependent variables for the main hypotheses of interest, including alternative explanations.

Students also have the option or writing a 3,000 to 4,000 word essay within eight weeks after the course to receive a course certificate and earn credit for a PhD program. Students who fulfill this requirement with a passing grade will receive 10 points in their PhD account in the ECTS system.


Essential books for preparation to the course
Students should obtain and read these books in advance of the course.

  • Alexander L. George and Andrew Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences (MIT Press 2005).
  • Henry Brady and David Collier, Rethinking Social Inquiry (second edition, 2010)
  • Gary Goertz, Social Science Concepts: A User’s Guide, (Princeton, 2005).
  • Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba, Designing Social Inquiry (Princeton University Press, 1994).


LECTURE OUTLINE

Lecture 1: Inferences About Causal Effects and Causal Mechanisms
This lecture addresses the philosophy of science issues relevant to case study research.

Readings:

  • Alexander L. George and Andrew Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development, preface and chapter 7, pages 127-150.
  • King, Keohane, and Verba, Designing Social Inquiry pp. 3-33, 76-91, 99-114.


Lecture 2: Critiques and Justifications of Case Study Methods

Readings:

  • Gary King, Robert Keohane, and Sidney Verba, Designing Social Inquiry, pp. 46?48, 118?121, 208?230.
  • Brady and Collier, Rethinking Social Inquiry, 1-64, 123-201 (or if you have the first edition, pages 3-20, 36-50, 195-266)
  • George and Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development, Chapter 1, pages 3-36.
  • Gary Goertz and James Mahoney, “A Tale of Two Cultures: Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Research,” Political Analysis, Summer 2006, pp. 227-249.


Lecture 3: Concept Formation and Measurement

Readings:

  • Gary Goertz, Social Science Concepts, chapters 1, 2, 3, and 9, pages 1-94, 237-268.
  • Gary Goertz, Exercises, available at http://www.u.arizona.edu/~ggoertz/concepts_exer.pdf  (Think through Goertz’s exercises numbers 16 and 17 (on his page 6) and 25 (on  his page 14).  For his chapter 3, do exercises 102, 109, 110, 112, 113, and 114.  Also think through the chapter 9 exercise number 177, and if you are familiar with Kingdon’s work, 188 number 5.


Lecture 4: Designs for Single and Comparative Case Studies

Readings:

  • George and Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development, chapter 4, pages 73-88.
  • King, Keohane, and Verba, Designing Social Inquiry pp. 124-149.
  • John Gerring. “Case Selection for Case-Study Analysis: Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques,” in Janet Box-Steffensmeier, Henry Brady, and David Collier, eds., Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, pp. 645-684.
  • Gary Goertz and James Mahoney, “Negative Case Selection: The Possibility Principle,”  in Goertz, Social Science Concepts, chapter 7, pages 177-210. Think through Goertz’s exercises for chapter 7 numbers 140, 141, 161, 164, and 165.

Brief Examples:

  • Stephen Walt, Revolution and War, pp. 12-17
  • Jack Snyder, Myths of Empire, pp. 60-65


Lecture 5: Typological Theory, Fuzzy Set Analysis

Readings:

  • George and Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development chapter 11, pages 233-262.
  • Excerpt from Andrew Bennett, “Causal mechanisms and typological theories in the study of civil conflict,” in Jeff Checkel, ed., Transnational Dynamics of Civil War, Columbia University Press.
  • Colin Elman, “Explanatory Typologies and Property Space in Qualitative Studies of International Politics,” International Organization, Spring 2005, pp. 293-326.
  • Charles Ragin, “From Fuzzy Sets to Crisp Truth Tables,”

Brief Examples:

  • Andrew Bennett, Joseph Lepgold, and Danny Unger, eds.,  Friends in Need, pp. 24-28
  • Andrew Bennett, Condemned to Repetition: The Rise, Fall, and Reprise of Soviet-Russian Military Interventionism 1973-1996 pp. 12-29, 104-112.
  • David Edelstein, "Occupational Hazards: Why Military Occupations Succeed or Fail," International Security Vol. 29 No. 1 (Summer 2004) pp. 49-56, 80-91.


Lecture 6: Process Tracing, Congruence Testing, and Counterfactual Analysis

Readings:

  • George and Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development, chapter 10, pages 205-232.
  • Bennett, “Process Tracing: A Bayesian Approach,” in Janet Box-Steffensmeier, Henry Brady, and Davd Collier, eds.,Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, pp. 702-721.
  • Bennett and Checkel, excerpt from manuscript on process tracing, pages 27-44.
  • Collier, Understanding Process Tracing, PS: Political Science and Politics, 44 no. 4 (Otober, 2011) pp. 823-830. Read also Collier, Process Tracing, Exercises and Examples, published online by PS to accompany the article; we will be discussing exercises numbers 3, 4, 7, and 8.

Brief example:

  • Scott Sagan, The Limits of Safety, pp. 1-14, 45-52.


Lecture 7: Multimethod Research: Combining Case Studies with Statistics and/or Formal Modeling

Readings:

  • Andrew Bennett and Bear Braumoeller, “Where the Model Frequently Meets the Road: Combining Statistical, Formal, and Case Study Methods,” draft paper.
  • Evan Lieberman, “Nested Analysis as a Mixed-Method Strategy for Comparative Research,” American Political Science Review August 2005, pp. 435-52.
  • Kenneth Schultz, Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy (Cambridge, 2001) pp. 1-20, 120-122, 163-175.


Lecture 8: Field Research Techniques: Archives, Interviews, and Surveys

Readings:

  • Cameron Thies, “A Pragmatic Guide to Qualitative Historical Analysis in the Study of International Relations,” International Studies Perspectives 3 (4) (November 2002) pp. 351-72.
  • Symposium on interview methods in political science in PS: Political Science and Politics (December, 2002), articles by Beth Leech (“Asking Questions: Sampling and Completing Elite Interviews”), Kenneth Goldstein (“Getting in the Door: Sampling and Completing Elite Interviews”), Joel Aberbach and Bert Rockman (“Conducting and Coding Elite Interviews”), Laura Woliver (“Ethical Dilemmas in Personal Interviewing”), and Jeffrey Barry (“Validity and Reliability Issues in Elite Interviewing), pp. 665-682.


Lecture 9 and 10: Student research design presentations
See the introduction for details.

 

COMPLETE READING LIST:

  • Alexander L. George and Andrew Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development, preface, chapters 1, 4, 7, 10, 11.
  • King, Keohane, and Verba, Designing Social Inquiry pp. 3-33, 76-91, 99-114, 46-48, 118-121, 124-149, 208-230.
  • Brady and Collier, Rethinking Social Inquiry, pages 3-20, 36-50, 195-266
  • Gary Goertz and James Mahoney, “A Tale of Two Cultures: Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Research,” Political Analysis, summer 2006, pp. 227-249.
  • Gary Goertz, Social Science Concepts, chapters 1, 2, 3, 7, and 9, pages 1-94, 237-268.
  • John Gerring. “Case Selection for Case-Study Analysis: Qualitative and Quantitative Techniques,” in Janet Box-Steffensmeier, Henry Brady, and David Collier, eds., Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, pp. 645-684.
  • Gary Goertz and James Mahoney, “Negative Case Selection: The Possibility Principle,”  in Goertz, Social Science Concepts, chapter 7, pges 177-210.
  • Stephen Walt, Revolution and War, pp. 12-17
  • Jack Snyder, Myths of Empire, pp. 60-65
  • Excerpt from Andrew Bennett, “Causal mechanisms and typological theories in the study of civil conflict,” in Jeff Checkel, ed., Transnational Dynamics of Civil War, Columbia University Press, 2012.
  • Colin Elman, “Explanatory Typologies and Property Space in Qualitative Studies of International Politics,” International Organization, Spring 2005, pp. 293-326.
  • Charles Ragin, “From Fuzzy Sets to Crisp Truth Tables”
  • Andrew Bennett, Joseph Lepgold, and Danny Unger, Friends in Need, pp. 24-28
  • Andrew Bennett, Condemned to Repetition: The Rise, Fall, and Reprise of Soviet? Russian Military Interventionism 1973-1996 pp. 12-29, 104-112.
  • David Edelstein, "Occupational Hazards: Why Military Occupations Succeed or Fail," International Security Vol. 29 No. 1 (Summer 2004) pp. 49-56, 80-91.
  • Bennett, “Process Tracing: A Bayesian Approach,” in Janet Box-Steffensmeier, Henry Brady, and David Collier, eds.,Oxford Handbook of Political Methodology, pp. 702-721.
  • Bennett and Checkel, excerpt from manuscript on process tracing, pages 27-44.
  • Collier, Understanding Process Tracing, PS: Political Science and Politics, 44 no. 4 (Otober, 2011) pp. 823-830. Read also Collier, Process Tracing, Exercises and Examples, published online by PS to accompany the article; we will be discussing exercises numbers 3, 4, 7, and 8.
  • Scott Sagan, The Limits of Safety, pp. 1-14, 45-52.
  • Andrew Bennett and Bear Braumoeller, “Where the Model Frequently Meets the Road: Combining Statistical, Formal, and Case Study Methods,” draft paper.
  • Evan Lieberman, “Nested Analysis as a Mixed-Method Strategy for Comparative Research,” American Political Science Review August 2005, pp. 435-52.
  • Kenneth Schultz, Democracy and Coercive Diplomacy (Cambridge, 2001) pp. 1-20, 120-122, 163-175.
  • Cameron Thies, “A Pragmatic Guide to Qualitative Historical Analysis in the Study of International Relations,” International Studies Perspectives 3 (4) (November 2002) pp. 351-72.
  • Symposium on interview methods in political science in PS: Political Science and Politics (December, 2002), articles by Beth Leech (“Asking Questions: Sampling and Completing Elite Interviews”), Kenneth Goldstein (“Getting in the Door: Sampling and Completing Elite Interviews”), Joel Aberbach and Bert Rockman (“Conducting and Coding Elite Interviews”), Laura Woliver (“Ethical Dilemmas in Personal Interviewing”), and Jeffrey Barry (“Validity and Reliability Issues in Elite Interviewing), pp. 665-682.

 

Optional Additional Readings:

  • Charles Ragin, Redesigning Social Inquiry: Fuzzy Sets and Beyond (University of Chicago, 2008)
  • Hope Harrison, “Inside the SED Archives,” CWIHP Bulletin
  • Christopher Barrett and Jeffrey Cason, Overseas Research: A Practical Guide, (Johns Hopkins, 1997), pp. 90-105.
  • Frank Bonilla, “Survey Techniques,” in Robert Ward et. Al., Studying Politics Abroad (Little, Brown, 1964), pp. 134-52.
  • Stephen Devereaux and John Hoddinott, “Issues in Data Collection,” in Stephen Devereaux and John Hoddinott, eds.,Fieldwork in Developing Countries (Lynne-Reiner, 1993) pp. 25-40.
  • Ragin, Redesigning Social Inquiry, pp. 109-146, 147-175.
  • David Collier and James Mahoney, "Insights and Pitfalls: Selection Bias in Qualitative Research," World Politics vol. 49, no. 1 (October, 1996) pp. 56?91.
  • Robert Adcock and David Collier, “Measurement Validity: A Shared Standard for Qualitative and Quantitative Research,” APSR Vol. 95, No. 3 (September, 2001) pp. 529-546.
  • Ragin, Redefining Social Inquiry, pp. 71-105.
  • John Gerring, “What Makes a Concept Good?,” Polity Spring 1999: 357-93.
  • Charles Ragin, Redesigning Social Inquiry, pages 13-68, 176-189 (190-212 optional).
  • Charles Ragin, Redesigning Social Inquiry, pp. 1-10.
  • Andrew Bennett, Aharon Barth, and Ken Rutherford, “Do we Preach What we Practice? A survey of Methods in Journals and Graduate Curricula,” PS, July 2003.
  • Miriam and Colin Elman, “Introduction,” and "Lessons from Lakatos," in Colin and Miriam Elman, Progress in International Relations Theory: Metrics and Methods of Scientific Change, MIT Press 2001.
  • Andrew Bennett, “A Lakatosian Reading of Lakatos: What Can we Salvage from the Hard Core?,” in Colin and Miriam Elman, Progress in International Relations Theory: Metrics and Methods of Scientific Change, MIT Press 2001.
  • Charles Taylor, "Interpretation and the Sciences of Man,” in Paul Rabinow and William Sullivan, Interpretive Social Science: A Second Look,  pp. 33?81.
  • Ted Hopf, Limits in Interpreting Evidence, in Richard Lebow and Mark Lickbach, eds., Political Knowledge and Social Inquiry.
  • Gerardo Munck, "Canons of Research Design in Qualitative Analysis," Studies in Comparative International Development, Fall 1998.
  • John Goldthorpe, "Current Issues in Comparative Macrosociology;" Dietrich Reuschemeyer and John Stephens, "Comparing Historical Sequences? A Powerful Tool for Causal Analysis;" Jack Goldstone, "Methodological Issues in Comparative Macrosociology;" and John Goldthorpe, "A Response to the Commentaries," all in Comparative Social Research Vol 16 (1997) pp. 1?26, 55?72, 107-120, and 121-132, respectively.
  • Stanley Lieberson, "More on the Uneasy Case for Using Mill?Type Methods in Small?N Comparative Studies," Social Forces June 1994, pp. 1225?1237
  • Olav Njolstad, "Learning From History? Case Studies and the Limits to Theory? Building," in Olav Njolstad, ed., Arms Races: Technological and Political Dynamics (Sage, 1990) pp. 220?246.
  • Timothy McKeown, "Case Studies and the Statistical World View," International Organization Vol. 53, No. 1 (Winter, 1999) pp. 161?190.
  • David Collier, "Translating Quantitative Methods for Qualitative Researchers: The Case of Selection Bias;" Ronald Rogowski, "The Role of Theory and Anomaly in Social?Scientific Inference;" and Sidney Tarrow, "Bridging the Quantitative?Qualitative Divide in Political Science," in American Political Science Review vol. 89 no. 2 (June, 1995) pp. 4461?474.
  • APSA-CP: Newsletter of the APSA Organized Section in Comparative Politics, Vo. 9, No. 1 (Winter 1998) articles by David Collier, Tim McKeown, Roger Petersen and John Bowen, Charles Ragin, and John Stephens.
  • Robert Adcock and David Collier, “Democracy and Dichotomies,” Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 2, 1999, pp. 537-565.
  • David Collier and Steven Levitsky, "Democracy with Adjectives: Conceptual Innovation in Comparative Research," World Politics, Vol. 49, No. 3 (April 1997) pp. 430-451.
  • David Collier, “Data, Field Work, and Extracting New Ideas at Close Range,” APSA -CP Newsletter Winter 1999 pp. 1-6.
  • Gerardo Munck and Jay Verkuilen, “Conceptualizing and Measuring Democracy: Evaluating Alternative Indices,” Comparative Political Studies Feb. 2002, pp. 5-34.
  • Giovanni Sartori, "Concept Misformation in Comparative Politics," American Political Science Review, December 1970.
  • David Collier and James Mahon, "Conceptual Stretching Revisited: Adapting Categories in Comparative Analysis," APSR December 1993, pp. 845-855.
  • James Mahoney, Erin Kimball, and Kendra Koivu, The Causal Logic of Historical Explanation, manuscript, Northwestern University. (Pk) (Er - updated version posted 12.20.07)
  • Thomas Cook and Donald Campbell, Quasi-Experimentation, pp. 37-39, 50-91.
  • Theodore Meckstroth, "'Most Different Systems' and 'Most Similar Systems:' A Study in the Logic of Comparative Inquiry," Comparative Political Studies July 1975, pp. 133-177.
  • Sidney Tarrow, “Expanding Paired Comparison: A Modest Proposal,” APSA-CP Newsletter Summer 1999: 9-12.
  • David Collier, "The Comparative Method," in Ada Finifter, ed., Political Science: the State of the Discipline II (Washington, D.C.: American Political Science Association, 1993), pp. 105-119.
  • Van Evera, Guide to Methodology, pp. 49-76.
  • Daniel Little, Microfoundations, Method, and Causation Chapter 11, pp. 215-236.
  • Barbara Geddes, "How the Cases You Choose Affect the Answers You Get: Selection Bias in Comparative Politics," Political Analysis vol. 2 (1990).
  • David Collier, James Mahoney, and Jason Seawright, “Claiming Too Much: Warnings about Selection Bias,” chapter 6 in Brady and Collier.
  • Richard Ned Lebow, “What’s So Different About a Counterfactual?,” World Politics July 1999: 550-85.
  • Adam Przeworski, contribution to “The Role of Theory in Comparative Politics: A Symposium,” World Politics October 1995 pp. 16-21.
  • Jack Levy, “Necessary Conditions in Case Studies: Preferences, Constraints, and Choices in July 1914,” in Gary Goertz and Harvey Starr, eds., Necessary Conditions (Rowman and Littlefield, 2002), pp. 113-145.
  • George and Bennett, CSTD, chapter 9.
  • Gary Goertz and Jack Levy, “Causal Explanation, Necessary Conditions, and Case Studies: The Causes of World War I,” manuscript, Dec. 2002.
  • Richard Ned Lebow, “Contingency, Catalysts, and International System Change,” Political Science Quarterly 115 (4) pp. 591-616.                
  • Stephen Brooks and William Wohlforth, “Power, Globalization, and the End of the Cold War: Reevaluating a Landmark Case for Ideas,” International Security (Winter, 2000-2001) pp. 5-53.
  • Andrew Bennett, “The Guns that Didn’t Smoke: Ideas and the Soviet Non-Use of Force in 1989.”
  • David Waldner, State Building and Late Development (Cornell, 1998) pp. 230-240.
  • Rudra Sil, “The Division of Labor in Social Science Research: Unified Methodology or ‘Organic Solidarity,’” Polity Vol. 32, no. 4 (Summer, 2000) pp. 499-531.
  • Charles Ragin, "Turning the Tables: How Case-Oriented Research Challenges Variable-Oriented Research," Comparative Social Research Vol. 16, 1997, pp. 27-42.
  • David Dessler, "Beyond Correlations: Toward a Causal Theory of War," International Studies Quarterly vol. 35 no. 3 (September, 1991), pp. 337-355.
  • Yee, "Effects of Ideas on Policies," pp. 68-82.
  • Vaughn McKim and Stephen Turner, eds., Causality in Crisis? Statistical Methods and the Search for Causal Knowledge in the Social Sciences (University of Notre Dame, 1997) pp. 1-19.
  • Robert Powell, In the Shadow of Power, pp. 23-39.
  • Charles Ragin and David Zaret, "Theory and Method in Comparative Research: Two Strategies," in Social Forces, Vol. 61, No. 3 (March 1983), pp. 731?754.
  • Alexander George and Andrew Bennett, Case Studies and Theory Development, Chapter 2.
  • KKV, Designing Social Inquiry, pp. 55-63, 91-95.
  • Robert Bates, Avner Greif, Margaret Levi, Jean?Laurent Rosenthal, and Barry Weingast, Analytic Narratives, pp. 3-18; reviews by David Dessler (International Studies Review 2000 2 (3) 176-179) and Andrew Bennett (Journal of Politics August 2001 63 (3) 978-980).
  • James Mahoney, “Strategies of Causal Assessment in Comparative-Historical Analysis,” in Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (Cambridge, 2003).
  • Paul Pierson, “Big, Slow Moving, and Invisible: Macro-Social Processes in the Study of Comparative Politics,” in Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (Cambridge, 2003).
  • James Mahoney, “Path Dependence in Historical Sociology,” Theory and Society 29 (2000) pp. 507-548.
  • Scott Page, “Path Dependence,” Quarterly Journal of Political Science, 2006, 1: 87-115.
  • Ruth Berins Collier and David Collier, Shaping the Political Arena: Critical Junctures, the Labor Movement, and Regime Dynamics in Latin America (Princeton, 1991) pp. 27-39
  • Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, “Comparative-Historical Analysis: Achievements and Agendas,” in their Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (Cambridge, 2003).
  • Paul Pierson, “Increasing Returns, Path Dependence, and the Study of Politics,” American Political Science Review, June 2000, pp.251-268.
  • Ira Katznelson, "Structure and Configuration in Comparative Politics," in Mark Lichbach, and Alan Zuckerman, eds., Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and Structure (Cambridge, 1997) pp. 81?111.
  • Kathleeen Thelen, “How Institutions Evolve: Insights from Comparative-Historical Analysis,” in Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, Comparative Historical Analysis in the Social Sciences (Cambridge, 2003).
  • David Collier, "Comparative-Historical Analysis: Where Do We Stand?" APSA-CP Newsletter, Vol. 9, No. 2 (Summer, 1998) pp. 1-5.
  • James Mahoney, "Nominal, Ordinal, and Narrative Appraisal in Macro-Causal Analysis," American Journal of Sociology,Vol. 104, No.3 (January 1999).
  • Thomas Ertman, Birth of the Leviathan: Building States and Regimes in Medieval and Early Modern Europe, pp. 1-34, 317-334.
  • Gregory Luebbert, "Social Foundations of Political Order in Interwar Europe," World Politics July 1987.


Additional examples:

  • Brian Downing, The Military Revolution and Political Change, pp. 1-18, 239-55
  • Peter Evans, Embedded Autonomy: States and Industrial Transformation
  • Jack Goldstone, Revolution and Rebellion in the Early Modern World
  • Jeff Goodwin, States and Revolutionary Movements
  • Peter Hall, Governing the Economy: The Politics of State Intervention in Britain and France, pp. 3-22, 229-284.
  • Gregory Leubbert, Liberalism, Fascism, or Social Democracy (related to his article above)
  • Juan Linz and Alfred Stepan, Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation
  • Ian Lustick, Unsettled States, Disupted Lands: Britain and Ireland, France and Algeria, Israel and the West Bank?Gaza, pp. 1-51, 439-53
  • Ann Shola Orloff, The Politics of Pensions: A Comparative Analysis of Britain, Canada, and the United States
  • Paul Pierson, Dismantling the Welfare State? Reagan, Thatcher, and the Politics of Retrenchment
  • Robert Putnam, Making Democracy Work
  • Dietrich Reuschemeyer and Evelyn and John Stephens, Capitalist Development and Democracy
  • Theda Skocpol, States and Social Revolutions
  • Hendrik Spruyt, The Sovereign State and Its Competitors: An Analysis of Systems Change
  • Charles Tilly, The Formation of National States in Western Europe
  • David Waldner, State Building and Late Development
  • Timothy Wickham-Crowley, Guerillas and Revolution in Latin America
  • Selections from Jaber Gubrium and James Holstein, eds., Handbook of Interview Research (Sage, 2002): Carol Warren, “Qualitative Interviewing,” pp. 83-101; John Johnson, “In-Depth Intervewing,” pp. 103-119; Patricia Adler and Peter Adler, “The Reluctant Respondent,” pp. 515-535; Teresa Odendahl and Aileen Shaw, “Interviewing Elites,” pp. 299-316; and Anne Ryen, “Cross-Cultural Interviewing,” pp. 335-54.
  • Marc Trachtenberg, The Craft of International History (Princeton, 2006), esp. chapt. 5 on working with documents.

 

THE LECTURER
Andrew Bennett earned his Ph.D. in Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University in 1990. He has written about case study research methods, military intervention, foreign policy learning, alliance burden sharing, and American foreign policy.  His publications include Condemned to Repetition? The Rise, Fall, and Reprise of Soviet-Russian Military Interventionism 1973-1996 (1999), and, with Alexander L. George, Case Studies and Theory Development in the Social Sciences. He is President of the Consortium on Qualitative Research Methods, which sponsors an annual two-week institute on qualitative methods at Syracuse University each spring (Google “CQRM” for information on the institute), and a former president of the Qualitative Methods section of the American Political Science Association.  He teaches international relations theory, the U.S. foreign policy process, and qualitative research methods at Georgetown University. Professor Bennett is currently at work on a book examining how members of the Bush Administration, the U.S. Congress, the U.S. Departments of State and Defense, and pundits and academics who supported American intervention in Iraq explain why the intervention did not prove as easy or as successful as they had hoped.

Tags: PhD, Summer School, Political Science, Sociology, Research Methods, Andrew Bennett
Published Aug. 30, 2018 8:57 AM - Last modified Aug. 30, 2018 8:57 AM