Borja Petit, Intergenerational Effects of Child-Related Tax Benefits in the US

Job talk. Borja Petit is a PhD candidate at CEMFI. He will present a paper entitled "Intergenerational Effects of Child-Related Tax Benefits in the US".

Photo of Borja Petit

Photo: Borja Petit.

Abstract

The presence of children in US households reduces tax liabilities through deductions and tax credits. Through the lens of the quantity-quality trade-off, these benefi ts distort parental choices over the number and human capital of children by altering their relative implicit price. This paper quanti fies the effects of child-related tax bene ts on fertility and intergenerational mobility using a general equilibrium life-cycle model with endogenous fertility choices and parental investments in children's human capital, calibrated to US data. I show that tax bene fits increase fertility by 16%, but they do so at the expense of lowering human capital of children. More importantly, these effects are particularly strong among low educated mothers, which widens the gap in human capital between children of low and high educated mothers. As a result, the intergenerational persistence of education increases by 37% when tax bene fits are introduced. I also show that education subsidies are also effective at fostering fertility but, as opposed to tax bene fits, they do not decrease children's human capital, nor intergenerational mobility.

Read the paper [pdf]

Host: Kjetil Storesletten

Published Feb. 4, 2019 1:09 PM - Last modified Feb. 13, 2019 12:43 PM