Determinants of Internal and International Migration in Ethiopia
Berhe Mekonnen Beyene
I studied the determinants of migration from urban Ethiopia to other countries, to rural areas and to other urban areas. In general, the result differs by migration type. For international migration, wealth and network variables are found to be important. It is mainly those households who have the network and/or the capacity to finance migration who send household members abroad. Human capital variables like age and education matter only for the two internal migrations. While the social capital theory has strong explanatory power for international migration, the human capital theory is important for internal migration. The NELM is important for all migration types underscoring the importance of the family as a decision unit.