Dialogue About Radicalisation and Equality - DARE (completed)

The DARE (Dialogue about Radicalisation and Equality) project is a H2020 project and includes 15 partners in 13 countries - Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Greece, Malta, Norway, Poland, Russian Federation, The Netherlands, Tunisia, Turkey and the UK - and will run for four years.

Assistant Professor Graham Macklin at C-REX is work package leader for WP2.

Funded under the EU Horizon 2020 Framework Programme, it investigates young people’s encounters with messages and agents of radicalisation, how they receive and respond to those calls, and how they make choices about the paths they take.

DARE aims to broaden our understanding of radicalisation, demonstrate that it is not located in any one religion or community, and to explore the effects of radicalisation on society. It focuses on people aged between 12 and 30, as they are a key target of recruiters and existing research suggests they may be particularly receptive to radicalism. It approaches young people neither as victims nor perpetrators of radicalisation, but as engaged, reflexive, often passionate social actors who seek information they can trust, as they navigate a world in which calls to radicalisation are numerous.

DARE focuses on environments in which radicalisation messages are found, rather than terrorist events or individuals. By observing everyday encounters, researchers are able to study people who hold radical ideas without becoming extremists, and thus help to understand what pushes others across the threshold into violence. Perhaps most importantly, this social approach allows the researchers to map and understand the everyday strategies already used to challenge radicalisation, and to recognise the potential for people to influence their peers positively

Read more about the project on the DARE website

Project Period: 01.05.17 - 30.04.21


Published May 3, 2019 3:16 PM - Last modified Mar. 10, 2022 11:53 AM


  • Graham David Macklin
  • Hillary Pilkington, University of Manchester
  • Fabian Virchow, University of Applied Sciences Düsseldorf
  • Aleksandros Sakkelariou, Panteion University
Detailed list of participants